All of us are now aware of screen printing. It is a method where ink which is used for printing is passed through either a fabric or a netted/webbed surface. This is extended into a frame. A design stencil is used and with the aid of the squeegee, it is possible to transfer the colors into the stencil portions which are unblocked. This is a widely used method in the production of clothes like shirts and other garments.
With the latest fashion trends, many businesses are getting worried and anxious when it comes to using screen printing, the reason being for every color which needs to be incorporated on the garment, a separate screen needs to be used. There would be an increase in the production cost, thereby increasing the price of the end product. It is also not a wise decision to reduce the production quantity, as it would not be an economical proposition.
In spite of the above disadvantages, screen printing has top 5 benefits too which are worth mentioning:
1) Economical: When it comes to creating many copies – When you have to make copies in a wholesale quantity, screen printing is the right option. A simple example is tarpaulins for putting in your locality. The same panels are going to used again and again if you are going to make many copies. It is an economical way and works out cheaper. Cost recovery becomes easier and you would end up making good profits.
2) Quicker process – Screen printing is a quick process as compared to other methods of advertising. When your advertisement is viewed by millions of prospective customers, it would definitely convert some of these prospects into your clients. The process of screen printing is simple and hassle free. The only requisites are the screen panels and the requisite materials. With these, you can kick start your business. The colors dry quickly and you could start showing the ads to the targeted audience.
3) Larger Designs – When it comes to larger designs, screen printing is the ideal choice. You can choose to be more creative and resourceful when it comes to selecting the screen panel’s size. It is possible to make larger counterparts of the design, without any distortion to the texts and images. When it comes to digital printing, it is not very easy to make adjustments.
4) Wide range of utility – Screen printing can be used effectively for a variety of things. Screen printing is used for printing designs on clothes, fabrics and garments. It also caters to printing on product labels, printing of circuit boards, adding different designs to balloons etc.
5) Sturdy and Tough – Screen prints are tough and sturdy. In spite of exposing the screen printed fabrics to harsh conditions, the colors do not appear weary and dull. It would take quite some time for the colors and texts to become dull and unclear.
The colors used in screen printing are also environment friendly as compared to plastic inks. The colors are attractive and vivacious.
The Charmed Replica Book is the most sought after piece of memorabilia from the Charmed show. The beautiful green leather bound gold parchment pages are a breathtaking work of art. The book is filled with spells, potions, demons and all sorts of mystical creatures and objects. Here are 5 great tips for getting your own special piece of the Charmed history.
Tip One: The first thing you must decide is will you make or buy a charmed replica book. Making your own book can be a really fun process. Making the book yourself adds personal value to your keep sake. In This article I will however assume you want to buy an actual bound book.
Tip Two: The Charmed replica can run between $100.00-$500.00 dollars for the full replica. You must look around for a reputable seller. You should ask the seller these questions. How long they have been making the Charmed book of shadows. Will they personalize your book with your name on the “This book belongs to” page? Do they have a return policy? What will happen if you are not satisfied with your purchase?
Tip Three: I have many people call me very excited that they have bought a Charmed book of shadows replica that is between $10.00-$30.00. On average 95% of the time it is not a bound book that they have purchased it is an eBook which is digital page copies of the Charmed book of shadows. An eBook is an inexpensive way for you to put together the book of shadows on your own. With an eBook you will have to print the pages yourself and make or buy a cover for your replica book. If you do decide to make your own, you should buy the digital pages on a CD instead of in an eBook format as a hard copy is much easier not to lose or misplace.
Tip Four: If the price is too good to be true, The book probably is an eBook. You will need to make sure you ask the seller if the item is a bound book or an eBook. Just this one question will save you and the seller a lot of time.
Tip Five: A good question to ask any seller is how long it will take for you to receive the book. Some replicas can take a month to finish and others may be ready to ship at the time of purchase.
A heat gun is a multi-utility tool that can be prove useful in diverse industries, including automobile, construction and even crafts. This a special gun that ejects extremely hot air instead of bullets and hence can prove quite dangerous if not handled with care. The most common use of this tool is for softening matter so that it can be used elsewhere or can be molded into a desired form or shape. In order work efficiently with a heat gun, while eliminating the risk of getting burned or injured, it is important for the users to not only know how to operate the gun in a proper way but also to take the below mentioned safety precautions.
• Since these are Hand Held and operated tools, it is important for the users to wear protective gloves made from Heat Resistant materials while handling the guns. These gloves can prove extremely helping in protecting the hands of the users from any misdirected blasts of hot air emitted from the nozzle.
• Using heat guns over certain materials can result in the production of dangerous fumes which can cause serious health issues if inhaled. So the users should make it a point to keep the work area well ventilated while working with the heat gun. It is also advisable for them to wear gas masks to minimize the risk of inhaling these fumes involuntarily.
• The users should make sure to stay completely focused while using these guns as the air emitted from them can have temperatures up to 13000 F. So even the slightest contact with this excessively hot air directed unintentionally towards the users might cause severe injuries and burns.
• Almost all manufacturers of heat guns provide detailed usage instructions and precautions to be taken, inside the packing of the tool. The users should not only go though these thoroughly but also follow them in the strictest manner.
• Any inflammable materials should be kept far away from the range of these guns. In addition, pregnant women and small children should not be allowed to venture near the work area where the gun is being used to prevent them from becoming the victim of accidental injury or exposure to fumes.
• The users should first check the required temperature setting for working with a material, rather than simply using the heat gun at full blast. This can irreversibly damage the material that needs to be processed making it completely useless for any other task.
Jingle Bells is one of the most easy piano songs in the world. The great thing is that it’s fantastic to play this song as one of your first piano songs and to learn to accompany yourself on the piano while singing it. You’re going to be the surprise of the evening on Christmas eve when your family will discover you can play this song while they join and sing along.
So how are we going to learn to play “Jingle Bells” on piano? Well, to begin with we’re going to learn to play the melody with the right hand, and then we’re going to focus on playing the chords with the left. Finally we’ll learn to accompany the song while singing the song. We’ll play the chords with the right hand and we’ll play the bass with the left hand.
We can play the song in all different scale but I’m going to make it easier for us and play the song in a C major scale. I usually recommend trying to find the song by ear.
Now some of you can’t or don’t like to read piano notes. Since the chorus of Jingle Bells is built out of only five notes I’m going to simply write the letters of the key names. All you have to do is place your hand on the C above middle C position (So place your thumb on C and the rest of the fingers on D, E, F and G respectively).
Then play the notes as written here below. If a letter is written without any addition it last the length of one vowel in the song. The longer the line next to it the longer you have to hold the note. This tab will help you a lot.
Tip: Stay in the middle C position while playing and use all your fingers.
| 3 3 3_ | 3- 3 – 3__ | 3 -5 1 -2 | 3___ |
| e -e -e_ | e -e -e_ | e- g -c -d | e___ |
| Jin-gle bells | jin-gle bells | jin-gle all the | way |
| 4 4 4 4 | 4 3 3_ 3 3 | 3 2 2 3 2 5 |
| f- f- f- f | f- e- e_ e e | e- d- d- e | d_ – g_ |
| Oh what fun it | is to ride, in a | one horse o-pen| sliegh |
| 3 3 3_ | 3- 3 – 3__ | 3 -5 1 -2 | 3___ |
| e -e -e_ | e -e -e_ | e- g -c -d | e___ |
| Jin-gle bells | jin-gle bells | jin-gle all the | way |
|4 4 4 4| 4 3 3_ 3 3 | 5 5 4 2 | 1 |
| f- f- f- f | f- e- e_ e e | g- g- f- d | c____ |
|Oh what fun it | is to ride, in a | one horse o-pen | sliegh |
Verse: (In the verse we switch the hand position and place our right hand thumb on G under middle C)
| 1 5 4 3 | 1 1 1 |
| g – e d – c | g___ (g-g) |
|Dashing through the| snow, In a |
| Bells on bob tails | ring_____ |
| 1 5 4 3 | 1 1 |
| g – e – d- c | a____ (a) |
|one horse open |sleigh |
| Mak -ing spi -rits | bright, What |
| 1 5 4 3 | 1 |
| a – f – e – d | b___ |
| O’er the fields we | go |
| First Ending:
| 5 5 4 2 | 3:||
| g – g -f d | e____:|| X2 (Repeat verse but skip to 1st ending to 2nd ending. |Laughing all the | way:||
| 1 5 4 3 | 5 5 5 5 |
| a – f – e-d | g – g – g g | (play upper G in this bar)
| fun it is to | laugh and sing a |
| 5 4 3 2 | 1 |
| a – g – f – d | c_ – |
| sleig- ing song ton | ight |
In the left hand we’re going to play the chords. The nicest thing is that this song contains only three chords. C major, F major and G major. Play them in the octave under middle C as follows (I’m already writing them in the most comfortable chord inversions).
C major: C-E-G
G major: B-D-G
F major: C-F-A
In 1932, Nelson Rockefeller commissioned Mexican muralist Diego Rivera to paint a mural for the ground floor lobby of the Radio Corporation Arts Building in the Rockefeller Center. The painting was supposed to depict in Rockefeller’s own words “Man at the Crossroads Looking with Hope and High Vision to the Choosing of a New and Better Future.” Rivera proposed a 63-foot mural. He started working on the mural with the help of six assistants, in March 1933.
“Man at the Crossroads” proved out to be one of the most groundbreaking works of Diego Rivera. The center of the painting portrayed a commanding industrial worker with his hands on the controls of heavy machinery. The crossroads were formed by two long narrow slides intersecting at the centre, right below the worker. One slide displayed a microscopic view of body cells, reflecting sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and another presented a telescopic view of the universe. The painting was roughly divided into two sections. The left panel showed elite people, especially women, enjoying, drinking, and partying. A contrast was reflected on the same side with a group of people protesting and being clubbed by the police.
The right side of “Man at the Crossroads” showed a May Day parade with workers and people living in harmony. At the center of the left side, there was an image of Vladimir Lenin (Russian communist leader), as if joining hands in power with a black farmer, a white worker, and a soldier. The presence of Lenin in the painting hinted at an ‘Anti-Capitalist’ flavor. To avoid any kind of political controversy, Nelson Rockefeller requested Rivera to replace the face of Lenin with any ordinary face. Diego was an ardent fan of the Soviet leader and so he refused to replace Lenin in the painting. He instead offered to add American leader Abraham Lincoln’s face to another part of the mural. Their differences were never resolved.
Rivera wished to get a few pictures taken of his “Man at the Crossroads,” but photographers were banned from the center. Lucienne Bloch, one of Rivera’s assistants, snuck in a camera into the building and took some pictures to record the mural. These pictures are the only original records of the mural. On May 22, 1933, Rivera was paid in full and was barred from the premises, without letting him complete his work. The painting was then draped and was hidden away from the public eye. On the midnight of February 9, 1934, a few workers marched into the center with axes and hammers and destroyed the mural.
Diego Rivera was determined to finish his painting “Man at the Crossroads,” so he reproduced his work under the name “Man, Controller of The Universe.” This painting also depicted Lenin and Rivera added a portrait of Leon Trotsky (another communist leader). This painting can be seen in the Palace of Fine arts in Mexico. At Rockefeller’s Center, the mural replacing that of Diego’s has Abraham Lincoln as its key subject.
International music is defined as a general category term for global music, for instance folk music, traditional music and etc. This music is often created and played by talented and indigenous musicians and usually share the same connection with their place of origin.
This term is credited to Robert E. Brown, who is an ethnomusicologist. He managed to develop undergraduate by going through doctoral programs in this particular discipline. In order to enhance the learning process, he went to the extent of inviting more than a dozen performers from Asia as well as Africa to begin series of music concert. This term became popular in the 1980s and used as a marketing device in the music and media industry.
However, there are several definitions which are conflicting with one another for international music. One says that it consists of all music that exists in the world. This term is also said refers to the classification of music which combines Western music styles together with other genres of non western style. International music too may refer to every form such as classical forms to modern forms.
This term may incorporate various types of styles, modes, scales and musical inflections. Music exerts their own or cross cultural influence to one another. This music is able to be marketed successfully at the present. Academic study on music is getting common these days, giving birth to talented artists in various categories such as performance studies, ethnomusicology, anthropology and etc.
Today, the mainstream music has evolved and adopted many other features of music and is managed to reach wider audience. Hip hop, pop, jazz and heavy metal are incorporating one another producing remarkable piece of art. Regardless of how the term is used, music certainly plays a big part in delivering useful and meaningful messages.
Andrew Warhola (known as Andy Warhol) painted a variety of paintings of the actress Marilyn Monroe after she committed suicide in 1962. Warhol made it his goal to mass-produce his art by using a method called silk screen. This method involves enlarging and transferring a photo on to silk. A variety of colors are printed on to a screen using a rubber squeegee.
For his paintings of Marilyn Monroe, Warhol used a photograph by Gene Korman from a public shot for the film, Niagara. Andy Warhol painted Marilyn Monroe's paintings with one green, blue, lemon yellow turquoise. Next he silk screened her face on top. In this way, he created different styles and depicted many different colors. In the paintings, she was either by herself, multiplied in a grid or doubled. After four months, Andy Warhol's paintings were complete. Andy Warhol issued a portfolio of his Marilyn Monroe paintings in 1967.
Andy Warhol interest in fame inspired him to make his Marilyn Monroe paintings. Warhol claimed Marilyn Monroe as a star. He was fascinated by her beauty and thought of her as a role model. In his art work, he portrayed Monroe as not only beautiful, but also dark and mysterious. Warhol invented the phrase, "fifteen minutes of fame" which means a celebrity such as Monroe catches the public's attention for a short lived period of time. Then, the media moves on to other celebrities who fascinate the world.
Andy Warhol graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology with a major in pictorial design. After graduating, he started his career as a commercial illustrator. After failed attempts at exhibiting his work in the 1960s, Warhol decided to incorporate pop culture into his works of art. Known as pop art, Warhol used every day objects as subjects for his paintings. He became famous as "Pope of Pop" for his paintings. In addition to Marilyn Monroe, Warhol painted other celebrations in "The Factory", Andy Warhol's studio in New York.
Those interested in Andy Warhol's artwork and paintings of Marilyn Monroe can view them at the Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Andy Warhol Museum is one of the largest museums featuring only one artist in the world. The museum features more than four thousand works of art by Warhol. His works of art include paintings, prints, drawings, photographs, films and videos. In addition to Warhol's artwork, visitors can find information on Andy Warhol's life.
A short story is a literary work that tells a series of event in a specific setting. These series of events are the product of the writer’s powerful mind and imagination. They are the result of contemplations, and realizations done by the writer either during his gloomy or happy days. Short stories are the outlet of the writer’s emotions. It is through short stories that a writer directly or indirectly expresses his ideals, beliefs and opinions regarding issues that continually confronting the society. Thus stories are written due to several purposes such as to inspire, to educate, to entertain and to provoke one’s emotions.
Whichever the purpose of a particular story, one thing that is very much sure is that stories have lots of benefits to everyone.
For children stories teach them moral lessons which will be planted in their young minds and that they can ponder upon as they grow older. Other than that, they help in the enhancement of children’s imaginative thinking which leads to creativity. According to some experts, children are being trained to think imaginatively while listening or reading stories in accordance to how the writer describes the setting, characters, and events that took place in the story. More than that, children are taught to focus their attention to a specific topic so that if they will be engaged to more complicated brainstorming or emersions they won’t have any difficulty. One thing more, their vocabularies will be developed. As a result,, this will help them develop their communication skills both in oral and written communication.
For older person, stories especially with those that contain humor entertain people. Short stories would also provoke questions in the minds of people regarding life and society. Short stories enables them see realities even though the events in the stories did not happen in actual scenes; but there are several situations in life that can be related to those events. The readers are made to see and think of the realities in life. Another thing is that stories teach people to appreciate the beauty of life. This is because through short stories that the adventures of people are told. These characters are used to symbolize things in the real society. It is through them that writers relate the message they wanted their readers to grasp. Despite the fact that these characters shown in these stories don’t exist in real life, their struggles can be compared to someone in real life.
Those benefits mentioned above are only among the many benefits of reading short stories. Seeing those benefits that stories can give, it is just correct to conclude that reading short stories is helpful to all.
Classical pianists are faced with the rigorous task of sight reading. Sight reading includes being completely fluent in reading rhythm as well as melody. Reading sheet music is probably one of the most arduous and tedious tasks of playing classical music. Because classical music relies almost entirely on sight reading music written by previous master composers such as Mozart, Hadyn, Bartok, Bach and the like, there are many guidelines as to how songs should be played. Advanced classical technique is also very strenuous and complex. Some advanced pieces may take an average classical pianist several months to learn.
Jazz relies heavily on improvisation. Because jazz is more free spirited and in the moment, many think that it’s easy. Coming from a classical background, this is definitely not the case. Complex chords are often used in jazz music that are never found in classical music. Extended chords such as 9ths, flat 13ths etc. would sound quite dissonant to a classical ear. If Beethoven or Mozart had heard jazz piano played, they might have wrinkled their nose a bit pondering questions of harmony before really taking a liking to it. It definitely took some acclimation for me to appreciate this style of music.
One of the most complex things about jazz is theory. Although students of classical music learn a lot of theory, not much of it is actually used because students are not reliant on theory to play their pieces. All they have to do is learn music from sheets and then commit it to memory.
As for jazz, there are so many different chords and inversions that students will need to learn before being able to improvise melodies and rhythms over them. Understanding music theory is a very integral part of playing this form of music. Jazz chord changes are also very complex and irregular compared to traditional classical piano pieces. Though both advanced classical and jazz students will know all the scales in different keys, jazz musicians will use this knowledge in a more hands on way than an average classical pianist.
Finger technique for both genres can be extremely difficult. In my opinion, neither of them is harder than the other although many classical riffs may be a bit more complex as jazz melodies are often created by running scales. Learning complex classical and jazz riffs will take much dedication and practice to master and proper finger technique will dictate how well one can play for both genres.
In conclusion, the two genres have different obstacles and challenges that students will have to surmount and face. I would say both can be equally as challenging but just in different aspects. A real master pianist will have comprehensive knowledge of both.
Well, being a child of the 50's and 60's, I can definitely say that I have been watching, absorbing and enjoying Comedy TV Shows pretty much since their inception. I can also say that, beyond a shadow of doubt, I have been heavily influenced by them and most probably they are fully responsible for me becoming an entertainer, which I have been for all of my life. With that being said, narrowing down my list will be next to impossible so I will just go through many shows I have loved, starting with the 50's, work my way to the present and then try to compose My Top 10 List somehow.
Let's Have Fun with Chuck McCann was a great Sunday morning show for kids and Chuck was a talented versatile performer. The show was always entertaining and very funny.
The Ernie Kovacs Show was a very funny and groundbreaking show. The things they did editing-wise was way beyond the technology of the 50's and Ernie was a comedy genius. He was taken from us way too early in a car accident. Who knows what he would have achieved if he had lived longer in a medium that was just in it's embryonic stages.
Sid Cesar's, Your Show Of Shows was a classic show which form has been emulated ever since. The cast of writers are a literal Who's Who in The Comedy World: Mel Brooks, Carl Reiner, Woody Allen, Larry Gelbart and Neil Simon to name a few. How could a show like that not be great, not to mention Sid Cesar himself. He was a great performer that was a genius at dialects.
The Jack Benny Show was a terrific show with a great cast of characters. Benny was the master of the 'face' and no one could milk a laugh longer with just a mere look at the camera more than him. The unique thing about the show was that the laughter most often hinged on the 'Second Bananas' that fueled the comedy of the show.
Amos 'N' Andy was a great show with such a array of characterizations. Kingfish was always scamming Andy someway, which was such a treat to watch unfold. Amos was the cab driver that narrated the show and there was Sapphire, Lightning and of course, Algonquin J. Calhoun. Unfortunately, the show was actually dropped because of NAACP pressure of wanting to show Black Americans in a better light. It was a shame because the chemistry between Kingfish and Andy was priceless to watch.
The Red Skelton Show was a fun show of skits and characters that Red would perform with infectious laughter and was one of the first shows to have a weekly guest who would perform in the skits. You could tell by watching the show that Mr. Skelton was a sweet soul and he is seriously missed. He always ended the shows with, "Good Night and May God Bless". Back at ya, Red.
The Original Tonight Show with Steve Allen was one of my favorite shows of all time. Steve created the Talk Show format as we know it today and had a cast of unforgivable characters that were used in many ways. Steve was a man of so many talents with a terrific laugh. I got the opportunity to meet him in Las Vegas once during a Convention Convention and he was just as funny and gracious as I thought he would be.
The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson was a one of a kind show with so much clout. If you appeared on that show, your career was in tact and doors would open and your phone would ring off the hook. You could tell that Johnny was heavily influenced by his idol, Jack Benny, by the way he could just make a face into the camera and the crowd would explode with laughter. I had the honor to appear on the show and all I can say is that no talk show has ever approached it's popularity since. I think it was the chemistry between Johnny and Ed MacMahon and I also believe that interviewing guests on a show is an art form in itself and Johnny was definitely the master at it. He knew how to make moments!
The Honeymooners was and still is one of the most watched syndicated shows of all time. I do not think that there is anyone, that knows anything about comedy, that has not been affected by this show. Many people can quote, word for word, many of the most popular scenes that emanated from the series. Along the greatness of Ralph and Ed in the show, you had Audrey Meadows playing Alice. She was simply the best and I do not think the show would have worked as …
The most famous Zig Zag Method is the most widely used strategy that people use today in search of loose slot machines. It is unknown why it became known as the Zig Zag Method. Possible because the player Zigs and Zags back and forth through the casino looking for a casino that someone is just stopping there play after not winning any and in an ideal situation they have been losing on that same machine for several hours. Either way, the Zig Zag Method has no scientific evidence to back up those claims.
As the Zig Zag method goes, the player is looking for patterns on the slots. For one example, imagine that bananas are a jackpot slot. The Zig Zag method player goes through the casino looking for a slot with the correct set of bananas on the slot reels. If three bananas are on the payline and a third banana is one line off the payline, this is an example of the Zig Zag theory. In theory the slot reels are getting ready to line up and you could soon hit a huge jackpot.
In today’s times however, slots now use what is called a random number generators or an (RNG). These random number generators are internal pc’s which add up the probabilities and then determine what symbols to display for each of the slot reels. Every time you place your bet and pull the handle on a slot machine a random number generator determines the positions of the slot machine’s symbols on the reels.
This lets us know that all spins on a slot machine is independent and on it’s own of any other pulls from a slot machine. The random number generator (RNG) makes each and every spin random. Now you see that that is why that they call it random.
There is a pretty widely-known theory that the casino staff place the “loosest” slot machines closer to the entrance and exits of the casino. Slot machine gamblers going in the casino see other gamblers winning at these slots and decide they want to play. With this theory, slots players should always try the slots near the entrance doors and exit doors of the casino, these may be the loosest slot machines on the casino property.
Another version of this system is that the casino will put loose slots in a high traffic spot. An example would be, close to the cashiers, and the restrooms and of course near the ATM machine, and close to a casino gaming table. Maybe in lieu of gambling at the slots close to the front door, you should play a machine where casino traffic is very heavy.
This theory can have a flaw, the theory that I am talking about is the “hit frequency”. The hit ratio is the percentage of slot machine spins a slot machine pays off instead of taking your money. It’s like this, one slot machine might have a higher hit frequency, but another machine might have fewer hits (wins,payout), but pay off more when these hits take place.
The casino staff may put a slot with a high hit frequency rate near an entrance or exit door or any other high traffic area, like the bar or the ATM machine. That does not mean the machine is paying off more than machines in some of the other areas of the casino. In all truthfulness, it could be the total opposite. Casinos are not in business to just give away free money, they are constantly coming up with new ways to get these type of results
Do not always expect to see the loose slots near the front door of the casino. Trust me when I say that the casino staffers know all about these tales. In my experience, the casino puts the slot machines with the smaller payback percentages where slot players may be more likely to anchor down and play.
Independent restaurant owners often do their own bookkeeping. Even if they hire a professional accountant at year’s end, they may save considerable money by handling the weekly tasks themselves.
Setting up a chart of accounts to fit the restaurant needs generally requires customizing the default choices of any accounting program. The selection of sales and cost of goods accounts on most systems does not provide for the separation of food and beverage categories that are needed.
Even the leading bookkeeping program for small business, while it has a default selection for restaurants, fails to provide all of the accounts that most restaurant owners require. In addition, many of the expense accounts that are added are rarely used, leading to confusion during data entry, and don’t help with the overview of the business finances.
The National Restaurant Association publishes a book titled Uniform System of Accounts for Restaurants. The book provides detailed descriptions of the application of generally accepted accounting principles to the restaurant industry.
That book includes a sample chart of accounts, but notes that “the codes used here are not the only method for classifying the accounts”. It points out that most restaurants will not use all of the categories listed, and it also notably lacks breakdown of inventory and cost categories beyond “food” and “beverage”. Many restaurant owners want further separation of those categories to include sub-categories such as “meat”, “seafood”, and “produce”, and possibly “beer” and “wine” for beverage categories.
While many programs do not require the use of account numbers, the NRA book states that some type of account numbering system must be used. If your program is not showing account numbers, it should have an option on a set up screen to activate that feature.
Any account numbering system is generally grouped so that accounts of a particular type fall within a specific range of numbers. For example, assets may be in the 1000 range, and income accounts in the 4000 range. On systems with many detail accounts, 5 digit numbers may be used to allow more sub-categories, but that is rarely needed for a small restaurant.
Typical number ranges that are used by many accounting systems are as follows:
Asset accounts: 1000-1999
Liability accounts: 2000-2999
Equity accounts: 3000-3999
Revenue accounts: 4000-4999
Cost of goods: 5000-5999
“Other” accounts: 8000-9999
Asset accounts include cash, bank accounts, inventory, and everything else that is owned.
It is common to assign the first account number, 1000, to Cash, since they are usually ordered, within each group, by liquidity (ease of converting to cash).
A separate account should be used in the chart of accounts for each bank account maintained for the business. If merchant deposits take a few days to reach the bank, a merchant account can be used. Also, if checks are accepted and not processed electronically, an account should be created for checks to be deposited.
New accounts are normally numbered 10 digits apart, so your first two bank accounts may use 1010 and 1020 as account numbers in the chart of accounts. Leaving gaps between the numbers makes it easy to add another account later and squeeze it in to the sort order in any position.
The asset accounts can be numbered as such:
- 1000 Cash
- 1010 Primary Bank Account
- 1020 Bank Account #2
- 1060 Merchant Deposit Account
- 1080 Checks Received
- 1100 Accounts Receivable
- 1200 Food Inventory
- 1210 Meat Inventory
- 1220 Poultry Inventory
- 1230 Seafood Inventory
- 1240 Dairy Inventory
- 1250 Produce Inventory
- 1260 Bakery Inventory
- 1270 Frozen Inventory
- 1280 Grocery Dry & Canned Inventory
- 1320 Beverage Inventory
- 1330 Liquor Inventory
- 1340 Beer Inventory
- 1350 Wine Inventory
- 1360 Merchandise Inventory
- 1380 Bar & Consumable Inventory
- 1400 Prepaid Expenses & Advances
- 1450 Recycle return value
Assets that have a lifespan of several years or more are referred to as Long Term Assets. This also includes any real estate.
- 1500 Fixed assets
- 1510 Land & Building
- 1520 Automobile
- 1530 Furniture Fixtures & Equipment
- 1540 Leasehold Improvements
- 1600 Accumulated Depreciation
- 1700 Capitalized Start Up Expenses
- 1800 Security Deposits
Liability accounts includes things like credit cards and payables to vendors. It also includes money that has been received for things like tax that is due to the state, tips due to the employees, and gift cards sold but not yet redeemed. Real estate loans and other major financing is sub-categorized as long-term liabilities.
Liability accounts can be numbered as:
- 2000 Accounts Payable
- 2110 Credit Card
- 2120 Credit Card #2
- 2130 Credit Card #3
- 2140 Credit Card #4
- 2210 Sales Tax Payable
- 2220 Second Tax Payable
- 2250 Payroll Liabilities
- 2260 Second Payroll Liability
- 2280 Tips held
- 2300 Gift cards & certificates
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The owners’ investment in the company is represented in the equity accounts. For …
For most people who are viewing art, the wider mats help to give a visual “breathing space” between the picture frame as well as the art that seems more comfortable. Wide mat borders were once mainly utilized by art collectors and museums on their highly valued pieces, but they are now quite popular for a lot of kinds of framed art.
The best choice of mat borders is mostly personal preference which can change over time. It’s a good idea, when trying to determine your preference, to consider framed art in magazines, in museums, in other people’s homes, or really anywhere art is found.
In addition to the width of the mat border, you will find variations which have developed throughout the years, some to match variations of art along with decor. Create the mood of the art that you display with different varieties of mats borders.
Equal Borders, Single Mat
The most basic standard mat has equal widths all around and supplies a straightforward presentation for almost any form of art. The texture and color of the surface of this mat board can make the overall character of your artwork.
Numerous Opening Mats
This type of mat is generally used for photographs, a single mat board has multiple openings cut in it allowing you to display more than one picture. The openings may all be a variety of shapes and sizes, or might be the identical shape and size. This sort of mat can also be used to show off collections, like trading cards or stamps. When you are displaying many items within one frame, usually it is advisable to choose simple frames, like solid colored wood picture frames or plain silver plated picture frames.
The Double Mats
The double mat is actually two mats that are over one another. From a half inch to 1/8 inch of the bottom mat is revealed within the opening in the top mat. Usually the mats are two different colors, but this is not necessary. This sort of map creates visual and physical depth. If the artwork utilizes a double mat, it’s thought to be a more finished and professional looking piece.
A Weighted Bottom Mat
A weighted bottom mat is one that includes a wider or slightly extended bottom border. Some people believe that it suits a person’s eye since it gives the feel of a solid base. It’s a very popular style for several types of art framing.
Museum Mat Style
This type of mat has significant borders on the top and sides and a distinctly wider lower border. Art museums usually use this kind of mat to display drawings, engravings, and watercolor paintings, and that is the place that the name comes from. The traditional color preference of museums is neutral mats in gray, off-white, and white, however when used in home decor, some individuals like more density with the colors of their matting.
The Oriental Mat
This kind of mat has two narrow opposite sides, and the remaining borders are much wider, and is meant to mimic the proportions of the art which is located on scrolls. Typically, the narrow sides are one third to a fourth the width of the other sides. This sort of mat works well with elongated art, but is typically seen with Asian art prints and paintings.
If you are looking to get a traditional, romantic, or classical feel, pick a curved arch mat. This style of mat makes artwork feel antique, and it is a wonderful choice for vintage photographs. It’s also a wonderful choice when you have romantic photographs, like from an anniversary or a wedding.
A Print Mat
This mat gives your art a contemporary character and works well for prints that are on oversized sheets of paper, and the mat has a narrow bottom and top and wider sides.
The Oval Mat
A mat that has an oval opening imparts both a romantic and an old-fashioned feel. This sort of mat works the best for a centered image, since the corners of the art that you are framing will be hidden. Oval mats can be used to frame silhouette portraits, wedding photos, and vintage photographs.
Using Fabric Covered Mats
It’s easy to add depth and dimension with the texture of the fabric mat. Usually these are found covered with linen, silk, suede, and velvet.
The opening of the French mat is enclosed by ink lines, with panels of watercolor washes between these lines. These can have just two lines with one wash of color, or they can possess a number of lines and color panels.
It is possible to apply stickers or other decoration on the surface of a mat, like a simple monogram in a corner or possibly a tiny decorative …
If you were born between October 24th and November 22nd, your Zodiac sun sign is Scorpio the Scorpion. You probably know your sign’s basic Horoscope, but did you know that as a Scorpio, certain days and hours of every month are Lucky just for you? Find out when you will have good fortune just for being born under Scorpio.
Scorpios and the Moon
There is a direct correlation between how far into the period of Scorpio you were born and your lucky times of the Moon. Scorpios born between October 24th and October 30th, the first phase of Scorpio are extra lucky during the days of the new Moon. Those born in the next phase, between October 31st and November 8th will be extra lucky when the Moon is in its second quarter. Scorpios born during the signs third phase from November 9th through November 16th, are luckiest during the days of the full Moon. And lastly, Scorpios born between November 17th and November 22nd are more lucky during the Moon’s fourth quarter.
Scorpios Lucky Calendar Days
Scorpios ruling planet is Pluto which has a numerological value of (3). In addition, Scorpios celestial number from numerology is (5). Summing these two values gives us a total of (8). The number (8) has a special affinity for people born under Scorpio and is associated with lucky times for them. Scorpios will have extra good fortune on those days in the month when the total of the day’s digits works out to eight. Accordingly, the following days of each month are extra lucky for Scorpios: the 8th, 17th, and 26th. Scorpios will also be blessed in games of chance where they can play the number (8). The 8th horse in a horse race, or the 8th race at the track will bring them good fortune.
Lucky Hours for Scorpios
Scorpios are most fortunate each day when the planet Pluto is ruling the heavens. This hour occurs at different times each day of the week. To determine your lucky hours, find out when sunrise comes, and then add the appropriate values from the table below.
Sunday: Scorpios lucky hours will fall on the 7th, 14th, and 21st hours past sunrise.
Monday: Scorpios lucky hours will fall on the 4th, 11th, and 18th hours past sunrise.
Tuesday: Scorpios lucky hours will fall on the 1st, 8th, 15th, and 22nd hours past sunrise.
Wednesday: Scorpios lucky hours will fall on the 5th, 12th, and 19th hours past sunrise.
Thursday: Scorpios lucky hours will fall on the 2nd, 9th, 16th, and 23rd hours past sunrise.
Friday: Scorpios lucky hours will fall on the 6th, 13th, and 20th hours past sunrise.
Saturday: Scorpios lucky hours will fall on the 3rd, 10th, 17th, and 24th hours past sunrise.
Scorpios and Partners
Many games of chance involve playing with a partner. As a Scorpio, your most fortunate partnerships will be with people who have one of the following matching signs: Capricorn, Pisces, Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, or Scorpio.
Introduction: A Few Questions to Set the Stage
Should you trust your doctor? Is the medical system organized and controlled by modern equivalent of highway robbers? What can we learn from the way colonoscopies are promoted and priced in America? What is the single most important takeaway lesson from a brief exploration of these questions?
Here are short answers to the first three of these rhetorical queries. I’m saving a response to the last question (i.e., recommended course of action) until the end.
- No, don’t trust your doctor, if you are fortunate enough to have ready access to one or more medical practitioners. Instead, be wary and verify, do independent checks on the pertinent issues and obtain other qualified opinions. Doctors and other provider are not your enemies but they’re definitely not your friends, either. They are highly trained professionals who function in a complex dysfunctional system oriented to profit. Most want to do the right thing but pressures brought to bear can lead even ethical practitioners to justify action courses not be in your best interest. In this essay, I’ll make the case that your interests and the public interest take a back seat to a higher power of sorts – the profit motive.
- Yes, the medical system is highway robbery, circa 21st century.
- Plenty can be learned from a close look at the colonoscopy industrial complex. The procedures being performed can serve as canaries in the American medical system coal mine. Pay attention, be alarmed and do what you can to save yourself before it’s too late.
Colonoscopies, Medical Providers and Free Enterprise Run Amuck
Colonoscopies are the most expensive routine screening test in this country. A report by the Commonwealth Fund revealed that this procedure is billed at rates ranging from $6,385 to $19,438. (See Explaining High Health Care Spending in the United States: An International Comparison of Supply, Utilization, Prices, and Quality, May 3, 2012, Volume 10.) These figures are retail rates for the uninsured; insurers usually negotiate prices down to about $3,500. Americans fortunate enough to have employer-based insurance often assume that medical care is basically free, despite rising co-payments and deductibles, but it’s not. Seniors on Medicare make the same mistake, often because they are exhaustipated (i.e., too tired to give a crap).
Like the high costs of our wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, everyone pays in the end, no pun intended.
In other Western countries, the price tag for a colonoscopy averages out at a few hundred dollars. Contrast this with the U.S. experience:
Americans pay more for almost every interaction with the medical system… A list of prices compiled by the International Federation of Health Plans found that medical services are more costly in every categories – by a huge margin.
We lead the world in medical spending, though numerous studies have shown we do not receive better care and we are less healthy than people in nearly every other Western nation.
Forms of Highway Robbery in America’s 4th Century
In case you have been on the moon or otherwise out of touch for several years, here’s a summary of why so many experts believe the U.S. medical care system is out of control:
- Doctors prescribe expensive procedures. However, the high price tag of ordinary ones accounts for our $2.7 trillion annual medical care tab – 18% of GNP. ((Source: Elisabeth Rosenthal, Paying Till It Hurts: A Case Study in High Costs, New York Times, June 1, 2013.)
- Doctors promote too many tests. According to the CDC, more than ten million Americans each year undergo colonoscopies (at a cost of $10 billion annually). One motive for so much testing is defensive medicine. America is as litigious as it is religious. Doctors are required (or pressured) by insurance regulations or their employers/partnerships/professional associations to prevent lawsuits, rather than to patient impoverishment or even bad health outcomes.
- Pharmaceutical companies saturate the media with direct-to-consumer merchandizing. The saturation ad campaigns for drugs for whatever does or could ail you distorts patient judgements. Consumer appetites for quick fixes are encouraged. Patients are motivated to pressure providers for overpriced, overrated products.
- Greed rules. So-called non-profit hospitals, insurance companies, device makers and other players in the medical industry are focused on generating the highest possible profits they can legally justify. The quest for maximum returns is by far the number one objective in the American medical system.
- High tech, drug-focused treatments dominate. A disproportionate amount of medical care and expense is lavished on chronic conditions in later life, leaving fewer resources for prevention, education and acute care.
- Cost/benefits take a back seat. Substantial medical care is lavished on ministrations that simply extend the dying process.
- There are too few incentives to act sensibly. Overlooked in studies to explain the high costs and poor return on medical
Everybody falls sick at one moment in a lifetime. By virtue of living in the tropics, we stand high chances of getting sick. Being sick can be so depressing that some people would even think of committing suicide, and annoying so much that others would want to see others sick too. Sometimes so bothersome that a sense of comfort is only during some moments of the day, especially whenever friends come around.
At night it can be hell. Take a case of a toothache, acute malaria or influenza. One could for instance imagine that if malaria is that a terrible feeling, what would it feel for one with AIDS condition?
This does not mean to demean those with HIV/AIDS. It is just for the purposes of us all lamenting our experiences with some notorious illnesses. Although management is possible, AIDS pain can be so annihilating for a life time. They are challenges we all need to overcome and only reminds us of a duty to listen to our bodies, understand them and take appropriate actions towards normalcy. For those who still enjoy divine grace -without terrible infections, it becomes primary obligations for them to toil away from them. It would mean using one’s highest intelligence and determination to stay safe.
The gravest times could be when besieged by a terrible infection whilst poor -unable to transport oneself to a health center or eat food of one’s choice as sometimes sickness may dictate. Remember some people might not want to be bothered with having to give a hand, which adds an insult to an injury.
As part of one’s responsibility, it would be important taking records of occurrences or attacks of infections, the immediate interventions, how interventions worked and possible improvements in such interventions. It is also important to write oneself a report indicating among other things lessons learnt, action plan behavioral or lifestyle changes. Resilience happens to be key during the tormenting times of an illness -while confident that with the little steps towards recovery or improvement are done, sanity would prevail.
It could entail finding and being involved in numerous distractions -off the mental focus on pain, seeking medical care, and assuming the position of masterly over one’s illness. Part of the lifestyle changes too must be having good dietary choices, stress management and being vigilant at preventing new infections to one’s body.
For continued self-mastery and hardening of the self it would be interesting and fun to do. Advocacy, reading related or helping literature, attending supportive training, remaining positive about the future, ensuring calm and patience -especially during the worst moments of the illness can be so rewarding.
Interventions too expire with time. This, thus, makes it important for one to find more information or updates about treatment illness suffered through consultations and reading a lot of extended literature the subject of interest.
It is also better to set one’s standard scale of healthy living. When suffering from an infection, it should not be that fatality on one person could be the same as for another. Most important to note is that the state of the mind or psychological resilience amidst support received externally as medical, counseling, friendliness and other rewards from a healthy social relationships.
It should not be that if someone has died of a similar illness or underwent the usually deforming surgeries, in the same way others with similar trouble will. Instead, one could assume a position felt as being above that and understand the fact that little choices and actions will determine nature of outcomes.
Family members and friends could come with their own feeling about what to do or advice to take against the illness -much of which can be contradicting, pressurizing and misleading at the same time.
It is very important to think through all advices given and analyze them as they get tested against reality, personal safety and general wellness. It is important however to appreciate them of their kind information, politely. And upon analyzing information given, points could be ranked and important decisions for health improvement taken.
At times employers and at-work team-members may not empathize with one in his or her debilitating illness. They may see it as cheating, laziness or excuses to have personal holidays.
It is pertinent that one humbly and politely explains clearly his or her health condition for necessary advice or help from his or her work-mates or bosses. In the same breath ask for permission to seek medical attention or to get back home till recovery. This is so because sometimes field station can be so hostile that recovery is made slow or not at at all.
In the 1990’s there was a case in Busoga College Mwiri (Jinja, Uganda) -where a child suspected to be home-sick, lazy was held long in school …
Paul Cezanne was born in France, in the mid-1800, and is considered, the father of all contemporary fellow artists, of his time. That name sake and the many accolades, which were presented to this post-impressionist painter, came not from the critics and the general public, but from Picasso and Matisse, themselves. This is a high honor, especially coming from those two individuals, which are considered artistic geniuses, in their use of imagery and innovation, and their obvious mastery of all things creative. Paul Cezanne and his work, especially in the early 20th century, demonstrated the artistic-mastery of composition, color, design and craftsmanship, Cezanne possessed. Cezanne demonstrated the subtle and wide open brush-strokes that are repeated time and time again, in his mid-career paintings. Paul Cezanne loved nature and this shows in his paintings and other works of art.
With an interest that bordered upon fanatical, in fine detail, especially that of his eye for natural detailed beauty, this conveyance with the complexity of human visual perception, led to the initiation of his name as one of the masters of artistic talents. Cezanne’s work transcends both time and space in its visual clarity and strikes many first-time onlookers with so much force, many viewers are left wide-eyed and more informed then when they previously viewed the work of art. This is an important detail and aspect that is used as a benchmark, for all great artists and the appreciation that their work instills, on the viewing public. Paul Cezanne’s ‘Still Life: Fruit and Jug on a Table’, is one of his most famous oil paintings. “When I judge art, I take my painting and put it next to a G-d made object, like a tree or flower, if it clashes, it is not art.” Cézannes was heard of saying when explaining this magnificent oil creation. Cézannes style is a combination of human perception and a love of all things natural and worldly. Cezanne valued art in its single most understandable and beloved principal, that it had the ability, if done correctly, to capture the timeless beauty of the works of G-d and nature.
Much of Cezanne’s art, especially in his transition period, between the 19th and 20th century, demonstrated his determination and dogged-style, in attempting to capture the moment, as it unfolded, onto his own eyes. The basic principle which is that art should bring out deep and intense emotional feelings, for the viewer, or it cannot be deemed art out all, is what Paul Cezanne based his life and work around. When looking at ‘Still Life: Fruit and Jug on a Table’, one is struck with the immediate responsive-feeling, that the artists manufactures’ through the use of vibrant colors and purposefully dulled color variations is what made Cezanne, so popular. The vibrant colors, which were popular in nearly all 20th-century artist palettes, directly related to the high-grabbing attention that the red, orange, and golden-yellow, command in ‘Still Life: Fruit and Jug on a Table’. Cezanne’s work of art was painted sometime between the years 1893 and 1894.
The majority of Cezanne’s art, most particularly the later works, are heavily influenced by painters like Picasso, Matisse, Gauguin, Braque, and Klee, who have colorfully described Cezanne as the ‘father of all artistic creations in the 20th century’. The explanation of why and how, so many respected and treasured painters, such as Picasso, Matisse, would pay such honor and respect to Cezanne, especially when the competition for works of art was intense and sometimes unrelentingly nonpartisan, springs from the fact that Cezanne demonstrated passion. This passion, coupled with a fervent reaction to the excepted norms, that were previously unmovable, in the field of artistic endeavors, earned Cezanne his title. The title ‘father of modern art’, is most easily seen in this body of work, ‘Still Life: Fruit and Jug on a Table’, and will be forever discussed, as one of the most important works of art, in the 20th century.