Crochet & Knitting Abbreviations

If you are a beginner looking at a crochet or knitting pattern, the first time

your eyes will roll. What the heck is it saying? Traditionally these patterns

use abbreviations. I will explain in full detail what they mean.

Special Tip: When you are beginning to learn the art of crocheting, its a good idea (to confuse yourself less) to write what the abbreviations mean in long hand. After I print out a pattern, I write in the margin, in long hand, what the abbreviations mean. Use this table to decipher the crochet or knitting pattern code!



alt – alternate

approx – approx


beg – begin or beginning

bet – between

BL / bk lp – back loop (s)

BLO – back loop only

bo – bobble

BO – bind off

BP – back post

BPdc – back post double crochet (s)

BPsc – back post single crochet (s)

BPTr – back post triple crochet (s)


CA – color A

CB – color B

CC – contrasting color

ch (s) – chain (s)

ch-space = space previously made

ch- – refer to chain previously made / worked

ch-sp – chain space

CL (s) – cluster (s)

cm – centimeter

cn – cable needle

cont – continue

CO – cast on cont


dc – double crochet

dc2tog – double crochet 2 stitches together

dec – decrease

DP or dpn – double pointed needle (s)

dtr / dtrc – double triple / treble crochet


ea – each

est – established

ext – extension


FLO – front loop only

foll – follow

FP – front post

FPdc – front post double crochet (s)

FPSc – front post single crochet (s)

FPtr / FPtrc – front post triple / treble crochet (s)

FL / ft lp – front loop (s)


g or gr – grams

grp (s) – groups


hdc – half double crochet (s)

hk – hook


inc – increase

in (s) or "- inch (es)


k – knit

k1b – knit 1 in the row below

k1b – knit through the back loop

k2tog – knit 2 together

k2togb – Knit 2 stitches together through back loop

k3tog – knit 3 together

k3togb – Knit 3 stitches together through back loop

Kfb – knit in front and back of st


LH – left hand needle

lp (s) – loop (s)

lp st – loop stitch


MC – main color

M1-make one

M2 – make two

m – meters

mm – millimeters

measure – measure (s)


ndl (s) – needle (s)


oz – ounce (s)

opp – opposite


pat (s) – pattern (s)

PC (s) – popcorn (s)

pm – placemaker

prev – previous

prev – previous

psso – pass slipped stitch over

p2sso – pass 2 slipped sts over

p – purl

p-wise – purl-wise, or as though to purl

p1b – purl through the back loop

p2tog – purl 2 together

p2togb – purl 2 together in back

p3tog – purl 3 together

PU – pick up


rf – right front

rem – remain

rep – repeat (s)

rev sc / reverse sc – reverse single crochet

rnd (s) – round (s)

RS – right side

RH – right hand needle

Rev St st – reverse stockinette stitch

rsc – reverse single crochet


sc – single crochet

sc2tog – single crochet 2 stitches together

sc3tog – single crochet 3 together

sk – skip (ped)

sk2p – Slip 1, k2tog, pass sl st over

sl st – slip stitch

sp (s) – space (s)

SP or spn – single-pointed needles

st (s) – stitch (es)

St st – stockinette stitch

skp – slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over

sl – slip

slip1-k1-psso – slip 1, knit 1, pass slip stitch over

sm – slip marker

sq (s) – square (s)

ssk – slip, slip, knit


tbl – through the back loop

tch / t-ch – turning chain

tog – together

tr / trc – treble / triple crochet

tr tr / trtrc – triple treble crochet / triple triple crochet (s)


WS – wrong side

wyib – with yarn in back

wyif – with yarn in front




YB or ytb – yarn to back of work

YF or ytf – yarn to front of work

yd – yard (s)

yo – yarn over

yoh – yarn over hook

YRN – yarn round needle

What does the asterisk (*) mean when you see it in a crochet or knitting pattern?

It's used to show you how many times to repeat the instructions. It will also indicate a number of how many times to repeat.

What does the () Parentheses mean when you see them in a crochet or knitting pattern?

When you see this in a pattern, it means that you do what the pattern says directly after it. Example (sk2p). Parentheses are also used to provide additional information.

Source by Georgia Stath