History of Print Advertising

Advertisements can be found in several forms and in several places. One of such form is print advertising. Ads in this encompass those which are in print on some kind of paper that is handled by potential audience. Offers that are sent via mail or posted in newsletters are well explained in history of print advertising. Let us go through this article to know more about the history of print advertising.

Print media indeed is the oldest kind of advertising which has a long-long history. This advertising strategy started way back in 1468 during the days of William Caxton when he promoted a book that had his 1st printed advertisement.

After which in 1704, Joseph Campbell moved on to include ads in Boston Newsletter. This in fact was a great idea since people started becoming well informed regarding certain people and products. In 1833 period, Benjamin Day got his ‘New York Sun’ book printed which was a combination of advertising vehicle and news. After this, the ‘Edward Book of Ladies Home Journal’ created a magazine ad code during 1910. Since this period, print advertising started evolving with more attention seeking designs and glamour’s. Advertising considered in general has had several significant events in the past but the history of print advertising has surpassed it.

Print ads stand effective only if people view them. When people look through several publications, they get a tendency to receive new details and become more observant about the things that interest them.

This form of advertising aims to attract more and more people towards their services and products, as and when they read or scan publications. Such ads are commonly seen in magazines, newsletters and newspapers. This type of advertising requires lots of planning which is done often by a group of individuals.

Some people get employed in this field to create best ideologies to drag the attention for inspiring more and more people to shell out money.

When we glance through the history of print media advertising, we get these concepts:

A group of individuals are required for creating ideas which further develops into a concept.

Several others are involved in placing these concepts appropriately, since this factor earns them more cash.

Finally, print media advertising becomes a major part of earning revenue for any publication. Mailers are also a kind of print-advertising which range from postcards to note sized white-paper. So, now you would have understood the history of print advertising.

Source by Owais Siddiqui Jr

Global Warming Hyperbole

They call Global Warming skeptics “anti-science.” The term is a misnomer, however, because the skeptics are not actually against science, they are merely skeptical of the claims of its believers. Here are some reasons for their skepticism:

• Apocalyptic forecasts. Future climate forecasts for virtually every region in the world tend to be apocalyptic in nature. If you live in a dry area, it will only get drier. Areas of tremendous precipitation will only get rainier. More flooding will inundate areas prone to flooding; more heavy winter snowfalls will blanket areas traditionally hit with heavy winter snowfalls. Even in the short-term, nothing ever improves. You might assume that growing seasons in Siberia or Canada might lengthen due to warming, and they might receive bountiful harvests for a few decades. Perhaps the Sahara Desert will receive more rain and transform into a more hospitable savannah. Such changes are never predicted. Instead, we hear nothing but catastrophic scenarios. In my opinion, this is intentionally designed to frighten the public into action. It is understandable for politicians to engage in such hyperbole since most politicians tend to stretch or exaggerate the truth but scientists should be above spewing pseudoscience.

• Scientific neutrality. Scientists claim to be neutral, speak only the truth, and are above personal politics. Ironically, this cannot be the case, since I have heard scientists who accept Climate Change label scientists who question Climate Change as dishonest or tools of Big Oil or Big Tobacco (yes, Big Tobacco! They just cannot kill enough children with their cigarettes, so now they want to destroy the entire planet!). Skeptics sometimes point to a late snowstorm or cold spell as evidence against Global Warming. Climatologists, meteorologists, and other scientists denounce such evidence, explaining that one atypical storm or weather event does not disprove a climate theory. They are correct. Unusual local or regional weather incidents and climate are not necessarily connected. In addition, Climate Change will transpire over decades, and may not be observable over a season, a year, or even several years. However, when defenders of Climate Change use that very same storm as evidence to confirm their scientific beliefs, the scientific community is eerily silent. An impartial and honest scientist would be as quick to denounce the latter claim as well as the former. However, their silence, along with the apocalyptic scenarios mentioned above, demonstrates that many scientists are as inconsistent and biased as the skeptical scientists and non-scientists they condemn.

• Climate Change is responsible for everything. Whether it is Tropical Storm Sandy, Hurricane Katrina, or a brutal winter blizzard, all are attributed to Climate Change. A cool day in the middle of summer? A warm day in the middle of winter? Sleet? Wind? Freezing rain? There is no need to accept unseasonable weather, blame God, or even indict “Mother Earth”, because Climate Change is the real perpetrator. Some also attribute tsunamis, earthquakes, and volcanic activity to Climate Change. Apparently, none of these “natural events” ever occurred before man-induced (anthropogenic) Climate Change. Incidentally, this all-encompassing culpability is the reason they altered the name from Global Warming to Climate Change. It allows its promoters to blame any “act of God”, unwelcome weather, or abnormally cold weather on man’s activities.

• Storm damage and lost lives. Every blizzard, hurricane, or major storm takes a tragic toll on human life. Everyone grieves for the loss of life, and we should continue to do all we can to minimize these seemingly senseless deaths. However, all claims that storms are becoming costlier and deadlier is deceptive. Real estate in general is worth more today than it was decades ago. Buildings and structures also cost more, and construction often takes place in precarious areas, such as flood zones, near earthquake fault lines, or even below sea level near the ocean. In addition, population has increased significantly in a very short time. In the last fifty years, the US alone gained over 120 million more people; Canada and Australia’s population has virtually doubled; the UK added nearly 10 million people; China and India’s populations have swelled by over 600 million each; and the world has added over 4.5 billion MORE people. Any large storm will impose larger monetary damages and tragically take more lives, simply because the cost of real estate has increased and the world’s population has grown.

• Carbon footprint. It is the epitome of hypocrisy when the wealthy fly private jets to global warming conferences, eco-conscious celebrities are chauffeured in gas-guzzling limousines to movie openings and award ceremonies, and performing artists fly and truckload staff and equipment from city to city on a worldwide tour, all the while preaching ecological platitudes during their performances. Perhaps when they heat, cool, and light their mansions with genuine renewable energy sources, and walk, ride bikes, or at least …

Information on Caribbean Music

Caribbean music is one of the most popular music all over the world. It a uniquely inventive music and there is different rhythm for every island. The Caribbean music is very lively and joyful. It is energetic and can boost you up. it is a very simple and soothing yet peppy and foot tapping music. It is generally not very fast. Caribbean is definitely one of the favorite music for music lovers. Reggae has different influences of African, European, Indian and native. It was created by African slaves. This music was never a pure form of music but a combination of different cultures.

West Indians would tune up to anything to make a rhythm. Consider steel pan, that evolved in 1930s. The music played on it was incredible yet it was created out of the discarded 50 gallon drums of the Trinidadian oil industry. Steel pan is also an ideal instrument for providing the music for the weddings. Calypso is another inspiring style of music with great rhythms. During Carnivals, Caribbean music, particularly in Calypso, is sometimes about protest and social community but yet it is about dancing. West Indians leave their jobs to get back for carnival.

Many legendary singers were from Caribbean islands. Bob Marley is the name which comes to our minds first. Reggae, Zouk, Salsa, Calypso, Merengue and Punta are some of the widely popular styles of Caribbean music. However, Reggae is the most popular and Bob Marley was known to make this style popular. Bob Marley is a legendary singer who breathed special life to Reggae. Other popular artists who made Reggae popular were Desmond Decker, Jimmy Cliff and Prince Buster. UB40 was another popular band known for this music. They popularized Caribbean music in the west. However, Bob Marley is the king and his music will remain influential forever. After his sad demise, his son Ziggy Marley took over the task of producing Reggae from him.

Caribbean music was never a pure form of music but a combination of different cultures. Over a period of time, Caribbean music was used by artists all over the world. The music when mixed with other forms creates great fusion music. Remixed versions of this music specially the old ones are largely popular in clubs and discos. The best known forms are Chandracha, Mambo and Listera.

Most of the styles are into folk and classical, which mostly has European influence for example Puerto Rican and Cuban music.

Caribbean people have always been known for their music. This music will definitely reside in the hearts of music lovers. It is a genre that can be played all the time. It can uplift your mood giving you a positive feel.

Source by Michael C Logan

What Happened In The UK In 1991?

Breaking 1991 down into the biggest news, sports and entertainment events; here’s what happened…

At the start of the year the ‘Gulf War’ kicked off as a result of Iraq invading Kuwait, leading to UK forces heading off to fight Saddam Hussein’s army. The fighting lasted just a couple of months but is well remembered due to it being the first war that was televised on the news.

The little loved media tycoon Robert Maxwell met a mysterious end whilst holidaying on his boat off the coast of Tenerife. Struggling under financial pressure, with his corporation on the brink of collapse, he was thought to have gone overboard although no-one really knows what happened.

Another mystery to arise was an outbreak of ‘crop circles’. Some 600 new ones appeared (one in the Prime Ministers garden!) in the UK throughout the summer of ’91, putting Britain under the world media spotlight. Some experts pointed the finger at human hoaxers, some claimed abnormal weather conditions were the cause, whilst others were 100% sure that they were messages from aliens.

In terms of sport, England hosted the 1991 Rugby World Cup but, despite having home advantage, they were edged out in the final by the Australians. Paul Gascoigne, the new star of football, damaged his knee whilst playing for Tottenham in the FA Cup final leading to a year long spell on the sidelines.

TV saw a couple of newcomers make their mark and an old-hand return. Vic Reeves and Bob Mortimer (better known as just Vic & Bob) debuted on channel 4 and their brand of bizarre humour quickly caught on, making their surreal show a 1991 hit. Back with more silly games, less than special guests and ‘gunk’ was Noel Edmonds on his live show (broadcast from the fictitious ‘Crinkley Bottom’) ‘Noel’s House Party’. Accompanying Edmonds, was his pink and yellow friend Mr. Blobby who surprisingly managed a number one single despite not being able to speak!

The top film of 1991 was ‘Silence Of The Lambs’ with leading roles from Anthony Hopkins and Jodie Foster. As Hannibal Lecturer (a psychotic cannibal) and Clarice Sterling (a young FBI cadet) they form a strange kind of partnership in order to hunt down an even stranger serial killer by the name of “Buffalo Bill”. Also out that year was one of the few sequels to better the original; he said “I’ll be back” and Arnold Schwarzenegger was in ‘Terminator 2’. This time playing one of the good guys trying to protect the boy destined to save the human race.

On the UK music front in ’91, the year belonged to Bryan Adams and his HUGE hit ‘(Everything I Do) I Do It For You’. The title track for ‘Robin Hood: Prince Of Thieves’ topped the charts for a record 16 weeks and was in the Top 40 for a total of 6 months. As for the best selling album of 1991, that went to Simply Red and their album ‘Stars’. The Christmas number one was a re-issue; Queen again releasing ‘Bohemian Rhapsody’ to commemorate the death of lead singer Freddie Mercury earlier in the year.

Source by Mark Thomas Walters

How to Use Acrylic Paint As Watercolor – Learning to Paint

I like to use acrylic paints because they are so versatile and can be used just like watercolor. Acrylic paint is water-based meaning it dissolves in water. You only need a small amount of paint mixed with water and you instantly have converted the acrylic paint into watercolor!

Here are five reasons that I love using acrylic paint as watercolor!

  1. Acrylic paints can be diluted with water, but are water-resistant when dry. Depending on how much the paint is diluted with water, the finished painting can resemble a watercolor or even an oil painting. To get a watercolor effect, dilute just a small amount of paint into the water. Mix it well and you have created a whole new medium to paint with.
  2. Use the thinned down pigment in a spray bottle. I have even used a small amount of paint in a spray bottle of water to mist on tiny specks of color in fields or for falling snow. Hint, make sure your painting is laying flat when you do this! These techniques would not be possible unless diluted to a watercolor consistency.
  3. Bolder Colors are possible. Acrylics paints can be used in place of watercolors because acrylics dry closer to the desired color which is slightly darker, while watercolors dry lighter and the colors are sometimes unpredictably.
  4. Watercolor techniques can be used. The wet on wet is a favorite technique use by watercolor artist. To apply this technique, apply a layer of color to the watercolor paper. While it is still wet, add another color. The two colors blend beautifully almost as if by them-selves to create soft subtle variations in color.
  5. Acrylic techniques can be used. Later add more objects with a thicker version of paint to create objects that appear closer or of more detail. You can also do the reverse where you add a layer of watercolor wash over a painting to soften it by subduing the colors whereby a fog or mist is added

Acrylic paints are so versatile, that I only purchase them because I can create so many different effects with one medium of paint. Turning acrylics into watercolor is so easy that there is no reason to buy both.

Source by Julie Shoemaker

Think Before You Act

On a summer day, it was very hot. The temperature was more than ninety eight degrees Fahrenheit. I went to a beach party in Port-au-Prince. The beach was full of people, trees, and rocks. It was amazing and awesome. At the beach, I saw a young lady. I approached her. “What is your name?” I asked her.

She said, “My name is Mary.”

Her voice was so amazing and beautiful. I presumably felt that it was the first time that I heard a beautiful voice like that. Her eyes were green. Her hair was dark, and the color of her skin was red. She was very tall and sexy.

Mary and I continued to talk to each other. We got to know each other a little bit, we exchange phone numbers, and we became friends. While we were talking to each other, we saw a black man. He was very tall and big. Mary pointed her finger at him. “His name is Jean,” said Mary. “He is one of my best friends.” She called him. She introduced him to me. I talked to him, exchanging phone numbers with him, and I became friends with him too.

It was getting dark. Mary, Jean, and I left the beach. While we were walking on the street, we continued to talk to each other. When we arrived at Rue de Champ-de-Mars, we said goodbye to each other. And we diverged.

When I arrived home, I laid down on my bed. I could feel within my heart that I got convinced that Mary seemed to be the kind of girl whom I had been looking for, but a part of me said no. I kept thinking about how I could better the relationship between me and Mary. After a couple of hours, I fell asleep.

The next day had come. I called Mary because I wanted to get to know her better. She told me that she was sixteen. She would be in eleventh grade. She planned to study medicine after she graduated high school. When I asked her, did she have a boyfriend? She responded, “No.” She said that Raymond Pierre, her father, died in a car accident. He died when she was seven. She was raised by a single mother named Malucia Pierre. She went on to say that her mother was thirty-eight-years-old. She was a nurse. She had also studied finance at the Universite d’Etat d’Haiti.

She also told me that she did not have any sister or brother, but she had a niece named Jenny. Jenny, Mary mother’s son’s baby, was eleven-years-old, and she was in her last year in elementary school. Both her father and her mother died since she was three-years-old. They died in a motorcycle accident in Gonaives. Mary said that Jenny was raised by her mother, and they grew up together. As a result, she considered Jenny as her sister.

She went on to tell me that she liked and used to go to a field trip every year or every Valentine’s Day. It always took place at a garden named the Garden of Paradise. This garden was where she and Jean met. She used to go there with her mother, and they used to sit by a statue, having great conversations about their personal experiences and problems or about their personal lives. The statue was one of a man named Jean Jacques Dessalines hugging with his wife named Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité. “Last year, my niece went to the field trip with my mother and me,” she said. “We had a great time together. My mother was so excited. However, we used to feel so lonely because we didn’t have any intimate companionship or partner with us while almost all people in the field trip had their intimate partners with them; as a result, I used to feel that I was in need of a partner as my mother every time I went to the field trip.”

I told Mary that I was seventeen. I would be a senior at Lycee Fabre Gefrard High School, and I planned to go to college to study accounting and business administration after I graduated. I did not have a girlfriend. I told her that my father also died. Renel Paulynice, my father, died of a heart attack since I was three-years- old. I was raised by a single mother. My mother was named Esperantha Aimable. She was forty-one-years-old. She was a math teacher at La Belle Souers Des Unis College. She had studied mathematics and education at the Universite D’etat D’Haiti.

“I don’t have any sister or brother,” I also told her.

I called Jean after a couple of days. He told me that he had already graduated high school. He was twenty-years-old. He currently studied biology at the …

Tips for Choosing Culinary Arts As a Career

There are a lot of advantages to taking a career in culinary arts. You will be able to learn how to cook great food which you can also enjoy at home. There is also a great commercial kitchen industry where you could be employed to display your skills at a good pay rate. There are however 2 major options if you want to take culinary as a career. You could either go to study culinary art or culinary management.

Interesting Career:

When it comes to career building, you can be sure of an interesting career in culinary arts. People don’t just eat to survive, they love to eat good food and enjoy the great meals. When you enroll for a culinary arts program, you will get to learn how to prepare luscious fancy desserts, new recipes invention and delicious meals creation.

Culinary art is generally believed to be both an art and a science. This is due to the fact that a lot of multifaceted concepts are brought forward in the coursework. If you want to study culinary arts, you have a lot of options to choose from. These options include beverage and food director, pastry or desserts chef, baker as well as fine dining, executive or private chef. You can also choose different types of degree such as associate or certificate culinary degree. The aim of the program is to aid people in cooking potential development. If you are able to achieve a bachelor’s culinary arts degree, you will have the opportunity to do beyond cooking. You can go as far as becoming a director or manager in a dining establishment.

Culinary Management

Culinary management courses on the other hand, do not place much emphasis on cooking. Those who study culinary management only get to know a little about cooking as they only get to study the basics. This is because their job description entails doing the behind the scene jobs as opposed to doing the actual cooking. They mostly specialize on efficiently supervising a kitchen, facility or venue. The everyday operations of dining establishments are normally run by culinary managers. They manage the kitchen, ensure that the organization have a good relationship with their customers and also assist the chef with developing a lot of menu options. They also see to the overall restaurant upkeep including management of kitchen supplies.

The culinary management degree is one of the most common culinary courses students enroll in. They are able to gain knowledge of culinary business, restaurant business and culinary arts. Other things you will get to learn about during a culinary management course include accounting, food service management and dining room operations.

If you prefer to be on the management part of dining establishments or in the kitchens of hotels and other organizations with kitchens, you should consider a degree in culinary management. If you however love cooking and you want to have a full-time career in cooking meals and preparing snacks, then you should opt for culinary arts.

Source by Vijay Christian

Sample Cover Letter For High School Students

Many teenagers who pass high school look for part time or full time jobs for earning pocket money. A job can be an experience building stepping stone if you already know what type of career you would like to make in future. Nowadays there is huge number of jobs available for high school student. You just need to prepare an effective cover letter if you want to secure a decent job.

In this article I would like to provide a sample of a high school cover letter which would help high school students, particularly juniors and seniors who want to enter the workforce.

Your Name

Your Address

Your City, State, Zip Code

Your Phone #

Your Email


Employer Name



City, State, Zip Code

Dear Mr. /Ms. Last Name,

I am responding to the employment opportunity listed on your website. Please accept this letter and accompanying resume as evidence of my interest in applying for this job. I feel my qualifications and my skills would prove to be an asset for your organization.

I have recently passed high school from a well known school. Now, I am looking for an honored job that will add experience to my building career. Here are some of my key strengths that I would bring to the position. I am:

1. A self-starter.

2. Disciplined.

3. An excellent communicator.

4. Very willing and eager to learn new things.

5. Exceptional at customer service.

6. Great team worker.

Accepting challenges is the foundation of my life experiences and something I do with confidence. You will find me a totally committed individual with pride in being direct, spontaneous and communicative. I can maintain records, perform numerical calculations with accuracy and I need little direction to complete assigned tasks. These are the qualities that make an excellent candidate for this post.

I was responsible for handling and organizing various important activities in my school. I have even participated in numerous cultural activities. I have working knowledge of MS Word, PowerPoint, MS Excel and Internet.

I would appreciate your consideration of my credentials. If you do think there is a shared interest, I would greet the chance to meet with you to hear more about your company, the requirements of the position, and how my skills would be a good fit.

Thank you in advance for your consideration.


Your Signature

Your Typed Name

I hope my article will help you in preparing a high-quality and eye-catching high school student cover letter.

Source by Amanda K Eaddy

Cupid Chastised by Bartolomeo Manfredi: Homo-Erotic Art

In the Galleries of the Art Institute of Chicago hangs an amazing painting by the 16th Century Italian, Baroque artist Bartolomeo Manfredi. The name of the piece is “Cupid Chastised”.

This painting depicts Mars (the god of war) striking Cupid with a whip while Venus (the goddess of love) crouched to the side attempts to stop Mars from his assault on the young Cupid. The scene shows Mars dressed in Roman garb with a striking red toga, Venus in a stola, and cupid naked with quiver, bow, and arrows.

When you first look at this piece you are taken by the outstanding artistry of the work. The scene is very dramatic with Mars thrusting Cupid down ready to strike while Venus is off to the side in shock trying to prevent Mars from striking. The colors, composition, and facial expression are all very fine and reveal an interesting story. The painting was originally believed to be a Caravaggio and with good reason for the superb execution of chiaroscuro greatly intensifies the drama in the scene.

Upon viewing this work of art one might think that it is typical Classical Mythology with Mars chastising cupid for his entanglement with himself and Venus. However this is not the case at all, what we have here is one of the most intense scenes of homo-eroticism in European Art!

While I was a student at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago I had the privilege to take a course of European Painting by the legendary professor Robert J. Loescher. In one of our walks through the galleries of the Art Institute professor Loescher stopped the class before this famous painting and asked us to respond to it. When we finished our responses (which were all missing the point) he then explained the work of art to us.

Roman mythology is the vehicle used by Manfredi to deliver his real message which is Homo-Erotic Sadomasochism. As a gay man Manfredi usually expressed his sexuality in his works and this is the case in point here with Cupid Chastised. What we have here is Cupid depicted as a young male (a smooth hairless youth or “twink” in gay slang, not an innocent winged baby) receiving sexual gratification from Mars’ strikes! Cupid’s ass located dead center is clearly the focal point of this painting as he awaits Mars’ strikes with the ropes. If you look at Cupid’s wrist it is limp (passively submitting to Mars) not clenched as it would be in a struggle and while blind folded his mouth is open showing him in a state of complete ecstasy. Both male figures are handsome, dominant, and beautifully rendered. Whereas Venus, shoved off to the side, with her breast hanging out (a ploy to satisfy straight viewers) is rather homely looking, not much to say for the goddess of love!

Truly this virile male to male intense sexual interaction leaves all of us to reflect on our own sexual persona. As the saying goes “Do not judge a book by its cover”, however, take a second look!

Source by Stephen Condren

6 Ways to Prepare for an Outdoor Event Catering

An outdoor event may be a scary thing for caterers. It requires experience and needs a detailed plan for you to be able to execute it perfectly. Here are some of the important things that caterers should consider if they are already booked for an outdoor event:

  1. Budget. The first important thing to know is the allotted budget of your client. You and your client must establish a realistic budget, so you can provide a food menu that will be sufficient to the number of guests, and let them taste a flavourful food on their table. You have to explain to them the limitations of their budget and what to expect during the outdoor event.
  2. Location. Know the location of the event. This will determine if you can provide an on-sit-down, live station catering, or a buffet type of catering. Knowing the location is important for you to prepare your needed food and equipment ahead of time. It is essential because you need to know how far this location will be to prevent food spoilage and hassle to travel.
  3. Catering Equipment. Make sure to bring sufficient plates, serving dishes, and glassware. This will help you save time and prevent the hassle. As a caterer, it is important to know the available catering equipment in the location of the event. Check if you still need to bring your own fridge or if the event place can let you use their own. If you need to bring your own gas and electric equipment, and other needed catering equipment, it is advisable to contact and hire a one-off event supplier.
  4. Food Safety. Expect that you need to secure the food safety twice the needed security in indoor. This kind of event requires you to be more particular to the right temperatures of your food. Make sure you have enough fridge to keep the cold food and enough ventilation for outside cooking.
  5. Time Plan. It is advisable to create your time plan to manage your schedule properly. This will provide you with a list of things that you need to prepare ahead of time. A time plan is a useful tool for you to make things in order. Write everything you need to accomplish and cross them out when you already completed them. A realistic and detailed plan will lessen your stress and help you manage catering easier.
  6. Staff. Getting the right staff for an outdoor event catering is another thing to prepare. If you think that you have enough full-time staff for your catering, then hire some extra staff. But, make sure that these additional people and staff are trained to do things efficiently. You can make a good impression to your client by showing that you are all professionals in this business.

Hosting an event is challenging since you need to consider a lot of things. But, with these tips, it can be easier.

Source by Shine Manson

Identify The Various Levels Of Expertise You Should Expect From Your Wedding Photographer

While planning your wedding, it is significant that you take guidelines to ensure you are using the best services and even people to guide your special day toward going off without any hitches. Having every aspect of your wedding ceremony and reception managed by specialists, can help bring a bride and groom great peace of mind as they look towards the future of their relationship. When it comes to wedding photography, it is vital that you make use of the services of an expert in order to capture your wedding memories and even terminate the risks those are related with amateur mistakes. While seeking the best service to make use of on your wedding day, identify the various levels of expertise which you must demand from a wedding photographer.

Wedding Expertise

The first level of expertise each and every couple should take a look for when selecting the best wedding photography service to meet their needs, is found with wedding expertise. Several photographers specialize in various fields of photography, from wedding to portrait to corporate and event photography. Utilizing a person, who is not a specialist in the patterns and recognition of wedding day plans, could prove to be catastrophic when missing out on very important wedding day memories. Utilizing a person who is an expert in the photographing of weddings is vital to avoid mistakes and obtain peace of mind.

Photography Expertise

The second level of expertise that a couple must look for is expertise in the field of photography. While every photographer starts at some point, it is important to utilize a person who is not using your wedding as their possibility to break into the field of wedding photography. Take advantage of individuals who’re highly familiar with the habits of photography as well as would not make amateurish mistakes while it comes to capturing the memories of your wedding day. Photography expertise is a must when we talk about the utilization of this service in your wedding.

Educational Expertise

The final phase of expertise which an individual should pursue while trying to identify the best wedding photography services to assist their wedding preparation, is found with educational expertise. The field of photography is often flooded with amateurs who just pick up a camera and announce themselves as a photographer. Making use of an individual who is not only educated but accredited by a recognized photography resource, can provide you with the surety that you are utilizing a professional, rather than any random person.

When you could discover a wedding photography service that will offer all three levels of wedding, photography, and educational expertise, you would be accessing your greatest resource to improving wedding day success.

Source by Pierre P Mardaga

Goal Setting to Get a Career as a Firefighter

A career as a Firefighter is the most rewarding and gratifying career on earth. I’m a little partial; I’ve been a Firefighter for 19 years and have loved every minute of it. A career as a Firefighter is one of the few careers that you actually look forward to going to work in the morning.

The pursuit of becoming a firefighter is challenging, competitive and at times frustrating. Don’t get discouraged, you can and will be a successful – if you truly want it. This is not a career choice that you sort of want, or kind of want – you have to really want it. The competition is tough, but the people who put in their heart, soul and hours of preparation are the ones who come out on top.

To truly be successful you must have a plan. No team can win without a plan, a business cannot succeed with out a plan, and no individual can reach his or hers dreams with out a plan.

Goals are the backbone of our life plan. You must focus on what your wants and desires are, make a decision to change, and take action. You must keep trying and changing to have success.

Goals must be well defined, written, have time lines, be written in a personal format and must have reason.

Any area in your life can be driven beyond your dreams through goal setting and determination.

There are several killers of success. The number one killer is procrastination. All of us find that we tend to procrastinate when things get uncomfortable.

To accomplish any goal in life we must conquer procrastination. We must take daily action.

Right now I want you to write down six items that you have put off completing. Maybe it’s a work or school project. Maybe it’s a phone call to a client. Maybe it’s something as simple as mowing the lawn.

Jot down six items that you have put off:

Next, I want you to act on two of these items right now. Make that phone call, write that paper, and yes you need to get that lawn mowed.


Don’t go on until these two items are completed. If you can’t complete the task today at least do something to move towards its completion.

“Decisions without actions are worthless.”

Here is any example of some goal setting I did after I moved to a busy station after a few years of the “easy life” at a slow station:

After a few busy nights and some working fires I realized that I would need to make some major changes in my physical health! And I needed to do it fast. The thought of not being able to perform and slowing the team down was too much for me to bear. I’ve always taken great pride in being on top of the game in the area of firefighting. After all I’m to be part of the solution, not the problem!

I set a goal to get back into top shape in 3 months. I set daily action lists, as well as weekly and monthly goals. I had the support of a young aggressive crew, and a drive to serve at the highest level possible.

¨ Primary Goal

Get into top shape in 3 months.

¨ Daily and weekly goals

1. Workout at least 5 days per week

2. Meet with the Department PEER fitness instructors to design a better work and nutrition plan

3. Increase running distance to 3 miles per day

4. Eat healthier

5. Enlist a workout partner to keep me motivated.

This is a short list of some of the short range and long range goals I set for myself.

Realize that two things must happen to reach my goal to get back into “fighting shape”, or any goal:

First, define your reason for the goal. It must be a burning, driving reason. If my reason is to simply “look” better, this would not give the motivation to succeed. However, if my reason is to; “Enable me to give my best on the fire ground for my fellow firefighters and the community.” Well this reason will surly motivate me!

Second, build smaller goals that always are in line with the primary goals and evaluated them often. You will notice for example one goal I had was to meet with the PEER fitness Instructor. Once this is accomplished I can mark it completed and then add goals from want I learned from meeting this goal.

I did accomplish my goal of getting back into top shape. Through completing this goal I also accomplished other goals in my fitness and health.

My process of goal setting has served me well, and will continue to serve well.

Dare to aim

His Most Famous Print (The Prophet) – Emil Nolde

Emil Nolde (1867-1956) was a German ‘Expressionist’ painter and printmaker. ‘Expressionism’ is an art movement in which the concepts were derived from nature, the figures deformed or magnified, and the colors were heightened. Emil Nolde, Max Pechstein, and Otto Mueller were the key frontrunners of ‘Expressionism’ and the trio went on to join the ‘Expressionist’ group ‘Die Brucke (The Bridge, 1905).’ Emil’s works, including “The Prophet” carried the influences of his own experiences, trait typical of ‘Expressionism.’ Some of his most famous works were:

o The Prophet (woodcut)

o Portrait of a Young Woman and a Child

o Portrait of a Man

o Portrait of a Young Girl

o Young Couple

“The Prophet” is the most famous woodcut of Nolde, as well as the best in the world until date. Woodcut refers to a carved block of wood from which prints are made. “The Prophet” symbolizes wild and furious pain in the painting. Emil created this after recovering from a serious illness. After the recovery, he was inspired to create paintings on spirituality and he also started taking references from the Bible segments. “The Prophet” was one such piece in the post-recovery, spiritual series.

Nolde’s prints had simple lines or stained glass colors that highlighted his free life, regardless of any conventional rules, regulations, and practices. He frequently used a tinge of yellow and red color in his works. His paintings were mostly based on demonic heads, mysterious appearances, and religious figures such as in “The Prophet,” reflecting the artist’s inclination for the ancient & eternal feelings.

Created in 1912 and measuring 12 5/8″ x 8 3/4″ (32.1 x 22.2 cm), the German Expressionist work, “The Prophet,” remains a masterpiece of the twentieth century art. Its print comes out the best on Japanese paper, the availability of which is scarce. Emil’s most famous print has only black & white color pattern, portraying a religious figure. “The Prophet” is shown to have overgrown hair and beard, the face is calmly depressed, and eyes & cheeks are sunken, showing Prophet’s personal negligence. Emil’s most famous print is intense, despite being speechless. Undoubtedly, “The Prophet” generates and establishes a deep feeling of spirituality on the viewers. “The Prophet’s” face, though its darkness and explicitness, acts as a playground of human pain and suffering. Emil Nolde, in all his works, always wished dearly that they should convey his messages with clarity.

Source by Annette Labedzki

Popular Folkloric Panamanian Music – Tipico

The popular folkloric music in Panama is called típico, also known as “pindín”. This music is said to be derived from the Sevillians of African descent who arrived in the isthmus in the early 16th century. Some of the instruments used are the guiro and conga, but the accordion is by far the most important in creating the distinctive sound of típico. This instrument is the main attraction of every típico music performance in a country which prefers Caribbean-accented rhythms.

In the Azuero Peninsula, a region in Panama known as the “Cradle of Panamanian Culture”, early Vallenato music was combined with the salomas, a type of yodeling typical in Panama, and típico was born. Throughout the 1950’s and 60’s, many típico artists from Las Tablas and Chitré to David and Santiago performed at nearly all of the festivals and became local celebrities. However, in Panama City, típico was considered “cholo” or redneck music.

With the help of the late revered típico icon Victorio Vergara and other talented artists, típico boomed in the 1990’s and today is a centerpiece of Panamanian culture. Some of the most popular típico artists today include Ulpiano Vergara, Samy y Sandra Sandoval, and Nenito Vargas y Las Plumas Negras.

Ulpiano Vergara was born in San José, Las Tablas, and is considered to be the most popular current típico artist. Ulpiano is not known for vocal contributions to his songs, however he is famous for his talent with the accordion. A popular song by Ulpiano is “Mil Maneras de Olvidarte”.

Samy y Sandra Sandoval are a brother and sister duo from Monagrillo, Herrera. At an early age, Samy began playing the accordion and Sandra accompanied him with vocals. They began performing on stages in their native Herrera and slowly began to gain momentum in other provinces like Coclé, Chiriquí, Veraguas and Los Santos. The pair has risen in popularity due to the sensual style of dancing combined with the Afro-Caribbean and pop rhythms infused in their music. A hit song by the duo is “Dale Donde Más le Duela”.

Nenito Vargas y Las Plumas Negras is also a very popular típico group, however their success has been overshadowed by their rocky and tragic history. Nenito took over the group after the late Victorio Vergara, who was known as “El Tigre de la Candelaria”. Despite the deaths of a few of the group members, Las Plumas Negras has been able to compose popular songs such as “No Sé Por Que no le Gusto”.

Típico is the music most often played throughout Panama, including places such as taxi cabs, cantinas or bars, and other public places and events. It can often be heard blaring from a car radio as it speeds by just like Americans would blast hip hop, and most Panamanians could sing a majority of the songs in their sleep. Because of the upbeat rhythm and rich lyrics, it’s no wonder people of all ages in Panama prefer típico over merengue, bachata, salsa, and other latin music genres.

Source by Whitney Surges

History of Skincare Part 12: The Late Middle Ages and Italian Renaissance, 1400-1499

Smile Like the Mona Lisa

While medieval feudalism continued throughout most of Europe, the thirteenth century saw a cultural rebirth take place in Italy. Aptly named the Renaissance, French for “rebirth,” this period saw culture blossom in a way it had not since the time of the Roman Empire. In fact, the Renaissance started as a revitalization of Classical culture, inspired by the unearthing of great Roman monuments that had been buried for centuries. During this period, the citizens of Italian cities such as Florence and Rome, attempted to recreate what they believed to be authentic Classical society. They encouraged philosophy, invention and the arts and this movement gave birth to many multi-talented Renaissance Men such as Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.

You need look no further than the art of the Renaissance to see the era’s ideals of feminine beauty. Portraits show women in loose, flowing robes. Their skin is pale, their cheeks are shiny and their lips are often a deep red. The ideal Renaissance woman was somewhat voluptuous and although her dress was loose, the material was thin and clingy and revealed far more of her body than was permitted during the Middle Ages. In spite of the more revealing clothing, the face, and especially the forehead, continued to be the focal point of the body. It was also the part of the body that received the most attention in the form of skin care products and cosmetics.

An Effervescent Glow

Many materials used in the make up of this period would be considered toxic today. At the time, however, women believed that they were using natural powders and minerals to lighten their faces and give their skin an effervescent glow. As had been the case for centuries, a pale complexion was still considered a sign of wealth and beauty. While Renaissance women did not have any way to permanently bleach their skin, their skin care regimens included dusting the face with a number of white powders. White lead and chalk were still two of the most common ingredients in face powders, and some women even attempted to lighten their skin with arsenic powder.

Once the perfect pale complexion had been achieved, Italian women would apply a number of other powders to highlight their cheeks, lips and bust line. Silver mercury was often mixed with lead or chalk and brushed onto the apples of the cheeks and across the top of the chest. Vermillion, a red substance that was made from cinnabar, was used to paint the lips. While deep red lips were considered fashionable, it was also acceptable to have natural, or lightly tinted lips. Women continued to tweeze their hair lines and eyebrows in order to give themselves a smooth, expansive forehead. To combat any signs of redness or irritation, they would also rub pumice stones along the hairline. (You can read more about Renaissance cosmetics here: http://www.thebeautybiz.com/78/article/history/beauty-through-ages-renaissance)

Cleanliness: An Artistic Concern

Throughout the Renaissance, cleanliness and hygiene began to be increasingly common themes in paintings and literature. A clean body was often used as a metaphor for a clean spirit. Alternately, the latrine became a sign of filth and was often used as a metaphor for moral baseness. It is unsurprising that the citizens of Renaissance Italy were obsessed with hygiene, given that they modeled their society on the Romans, who had been legendary for their bathing rituals. Cleanliness was not only an artistic metaphor, however, but a practical concern. Italy had survived a number of plague outbreaks and staying free from germs was a matter of life and death. Additionally, many people strove to live out the philosophies that were explored in the art of the time. Frequent bathing was a sign of dignity and social distinction. These were subjects of great concern to many Renaissance artists and philosophers. (You can read more about attitudes toward cleanliness here: http://www.cornellpress.cornell.edu/book/?GCOI=80140100824360)

Skin care treatments during the Italian Renaissance were, in practice, very similar to what they had been throughout the Middle Ages. Bathing rituals were similar, skin care products were similar and cosmetics were similar. What had changed, however, was the attitude toward these practices. While medieval women had seen cosmetics simply as a way to appear more attractive, the women of the Renaissance strove to achieve a transcendent ideal that combined Classical philosophy and art with physical beauty and human distinction.

Source by Jill Knowles

The Pros and Cons of Using Oil Pastels

When it comes to painting with pastels, you have a choice of different types that you can use. If you are used to or have been using soft pastels, using oil pastels will open a whole new world for your creative energy. Below I’ve listed some of the pros and cons of how to paint using oil pastels:

The Cons

Because of their oily texture, oil pastels are not as easy to remove from the surface of your paper. Fine detail and extreme precision is something that you will find difficult to accomplish with these pastels. Oil pastels are more difficult to blend because their oil causes them to quickly adhere to the paper, which additionally leave less room for error. They take a longer time and require more pastels to fill in large areas of your scene, portrait, or whatever the artwork is that you’re creating. Their oily texture makes the darker colors prone to smearing, which makes it difficult to add the lighter colors.

Simple Remedies to the Cons

Choose the area that you want to color first and then outline sketch it. It will leave less room for error when it comes time to add your oil pastel colors. Choose a painting style, object, and scenic choice that doesn’t need fine or intricate details or use another instrument (such as an eraser’s edge or blending tool) to scrape in the fine details.

For the areas that need lighter color, outline them with a white pastel to ensure that no smearing occurs. If smearing does occur when adding the darker colors, simply scrape back to the white area for an easy fix. Choose smaller painting sizes to eliminate the need for filling in large areas of space, or choose colored paper to begin with instead of white paper, which creates the illusion of fuller color.

The Pros

Because of their soft texture, oil pastels make bold, vibrantly color works of art. They don’t have a dry, dusty texture, so the vibrant color won’t diminish if bumped. Unlike the flaking that occurs with soft pastels, fixative sprays will create a glossy sheen on oil pastel paintings and keep them safe from smearing. There is a wide variety of surfaces (such as cardboard, wood, or canvas) on which they can be used. Oil pastels don’t require the use of lots of supplies, such as brushes, palettes, easels, and turpentine (or other cleanup supplies), and so on that other mediums have the need for.

Coming out of your soft pastels comfort zone may not be what you wanted to try right now, but this type of pastel may just what you need to help with artist’s block and free up your creative imagination. The pros and cons speak for themselves. After reading this article, you may still not be convinced that using oil pastels is right for you. Don’t take my word for it. Try it for yourself. A picture is worth a thousand words!

Source by Emma Ralph

Daedalean Exile

Once upon a time and a very good time it was there was a moocow coming down along the road and this moocow that was coming down along the road met a nicens little boy named baby tuckoo…(P1).

Stephen Dedalus, the young modern intellectual of Dublin, leaves his hometown at the end of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and chooses a life of self-imposed exile to cherish his artistic desires. Stephen reappears at the beginning of Ulysses; however, in spite of his return to home he feels a deeper sense of loneliness and exile. In this article, Stephen Dedalus’ state of exile and alienation which basically starts with his alienation and exile from his family, his religion, Catholic Church, and his motherland, Ireland. This sense of exile and alienation initiates from Portrait then continues and deepens into Ulysses. Afterward considering Edward Said’s view that the notion of exile is closely associated with the intellectual, Stephen’s intellectual exile and its artistic representations would be studied. “Tuckoo” in some biological encyclopedias is known as a kind of bird, which always lives alone and when it is time to lay eggs, a Tuckoo goes to lay eggs in other birds’ nests. Simon Dedalus is retelling the Tuckoo’s story for the very young Stephen. This is what could be called Joyce’s dexterity, because from the very beginning he provides his discerning reader what could be Stephen’s life like? His life that Joyce introduces from A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and continues to Ulysses.

The story of Portrait concerns Stephen’s growing up alienation from the inflexible social environment. Exile is what Stephen chooses in order to save his artistic desires and ambitions. Joyce made Stephen conscious of his name and the mythical role associated with it. In Ulysses, some Dubliner also refers to Stephen Dedalus’s name: “you make good use of the name . . . fabulous artificer, the hawk like man. You flew. Whereto? New heaven . . .” (210). Stephen struggles to be a Daedalus, a skillful one who by the aid of artful wings tries to fly away from the self-made maze of his life. His wings he makes in Portrait are to save him in exile, too. He leaves behind his motherland, his religion, and his family to live in exile, while his mother believes at the closing lines of Portrait that Stephen must learn away from home and friends what the heart is and what he feels. Stephen Dedalus reappears at the beginning of Ulysses. His mother is dead for about one year now; his artistic attempts seemingly failed at Paris. He has left his home and is living at Martello tower, where he pays the rent, but Mulligan, his Irish, vicious friend keeps the keys. There is a third friend living with them for some days in spite of Stephen’s dissatisfaction, an English tourist. Mulligan, as Stephen calls him, has the role of a “usurper” in Stephen’s life, one of the many in his life, though. At the end, Stephen decides that he will not return to Martello tower, or to his father’s house. Therefore, even returning from the physical exile from Paris, he is still an outcast, an exile at home. Cawelti believes that the two male protagonists of Ulysses are both physical and spiritual exiles in Dublin. He states that Stephen Dedalus’s exile goes back to earlier times:

Stephen Dedalus deeply alienated from the dominant powers

ruling Ireland-the British empire and the Roman Catholic

Church- has gone to France some time before the novel

opens on June 16, 1904. But, he has failed in his attempt

at exile. Driven by guilt about his mother’s death and his

ambiguous feelings about her, he has returned to Ireland,

only to feel himself no longer at home in any way. His

ultimate fate is uncertain, but if he follows the pattern

of his creator after the end of the novel he will go into

permanent exile. (Cawelti 42)

Edward Said in his book Representations of the Intellectual about the modern, young intellectuals like Buzarov, Protagonist of Fathers and Sons, sates that:

The first thing we notice about him is that he has severed

his ties with his own parents, and seems less a son than

a sort of self- produced character, challenging routine,

assailing mediocrity and clichés, asserting new scientific

and unsentimental values that appears to be rational and

progressive. (Said 14-15)

Edward Said’s idea is also applicable to Joyce’s modern young intellectual, Stephen Dedalus, as well. Being unsatisfied with his family relations, his obedient, passive, and pious mother; his heedless, incapable, and indolent Father, Stephen tries to break away with them as soon as possible and replace the lost family and father with a self-produced identity as an artist. Stephen’s sufferings …