Softball Uniforms

It is a fact that softball uniforms and equipment play a vital role in boosting a team’s inspiration. Earlier, heavy sweaters were standard in this sport, and occasionally, color schemes were bizarre patterns of checks or shapes. Then sweaters became passé and short windbreaker-style jackets came into vogue. They further evolved into leathers and suedes, all for supporting a team. Today, a nylon type windbreaker is a trendy option that is used to boost team spirit.

All softball teams wear distinctive uniforms. Usually, a uniform includes a cap, a shirt, an undershirt, and pants. Standards are laid down for these items.

For a team, caps must be identical, and are mandatory for male team members. Caps, visors, and headbands are non-obligatory for female players, and must be of the same color if more than one is put on. For a fielder choosing to wear a helmet or a cap is optional. At the back of a shirt, a number from 1 to 99 must be observable, and numbers like 02 and 2 are deemed identical. A player’s name should not necessarily be present on a uniform. Players cannot wear jewelry during a game, but some types of bracelets and necklaces are allowed. It is mandatory for all players to wear shoes, and shoes may have spikes, but these must not extend more than 1.9 centimeters away from sole. Wearing rounded metal spikes is prohibited, as these are made from hard plastic or other synthetic materials. Removable metal cleats are not allowed at any level of play, in order to reduce the possibility of severe injuries when a runner slides feet-first into a fielder. At all youth levels, that is under 15, in co-ed or mixed teams, use of metal spikes is forbidden in slow and modified pitches.

Every softball game has two teams, and if teams are wearing different uniforms, it becomes easier for players to distinguish among their teammates and opponents. Players in uniform get a sense of unity among themselves.

Source by Kevin Stith

Should Works of Art Be Repatriated to Their Places of Origin?

Art repatriation refers to the return of works of art or cultural objects to their country of origin or former owners. These items were forcefully taken away from their original owners or creators in their homelands as a result of war, colonialism or imperialism. Repatriation is a hotly debated subject which is ongoing and its fire has little hopes of entirely dying out. Staunch giants and scholars and people in authority such as art curators, art critics, art historians, art teachers, politicians and other well meaning personalities have expressed their views on this controversial subject of restitution of creative products to their places of origin.

The issue of art repatriation and the conflicts it’s engulfed in is deep and vast. Some argue in favour of the repatriation of artworks to their former owners while others strongly object due to equally sound high currency opinions. This essay seeks to discuss the subject on the repatriation of works of art and the efforts put in by global agencies and associations for the repatriation of works of art and the challenges that have ensued. It will then probe the discussion further from both angles on whether to repatriate these African art and cultural artifacts currently adorning the Western museums and stately house of the upper European class to their countries of origin.

Several efforts have been put in place by the various global bodies and agencies in charge of human welfare and inter-national peace to repatriate objects that were illegally acquired by their current owners. Various conventions and declarations have been laid to ensure that the restitution of these cultural artefacts is securely returned to their places of origin. These efforts have met some subtle successes while the challenges are herculean and heinous.

The first effort to repatriate works was the institution of the Lieber code (General Order #100) in 1843 designed by Francis Lieber who was tasked by the US president Abraham Lincoln to propound a set of rules for governing the confederate of prisoners, noncombatants, spies and property thus cultural objects. It is sad that the code allowed the destruction of cultural property under military necessity resulting in the abolishment of this code.

In 1954, the Hague document was developed following the great devastation of the World War II and the great looting of cultural objects and art. This document also met various criticisms because it favoured ‘market nations’ thus wealthy countries over the ‘source nations’ who are mostly poor.

Another effort of repatriation was undertaken by the UNESCO Convention against Illicit Export and the Intergovernmental Committee for Promoting the Return of Cultural Property to its Countries of Origin or its Restitution in case of illicit Appropriation in November 14, 1970. Like its predecessors, the terms in the convention were highly rejected because it was too broad and not specific. Also, it prompted black market deals on the selling of these cultural objects.

Recently, most countries are embracing the settlement of repatriation issues with the ‘Mutually Beneficial Repatriation Agreements (MBRAs). This document calls for the settlement of disagreements by opposing parties flexibly in a manner that is beneficial to both sides. This mode of arbitration between owner countries and keeper countries of items will certainly have its downsides.

Some of these obstacles are:

1. Poor legislative approaches developed among signatory states.

2. Failure to establish a system to resolve issues of ownership and compensation.

3. Some works of art and cultural objects do not have clear information on the history to help in ascertaining its place of origin.

4. Sometimes there are several speculations regarding the origin of the work of art making it difficult in knowing the original owners.

5. Legal battle for repatriation of works of art is lengthy and costly.

The question is why are some countries campaigning vigorously for the repatriation of the arts to their homelands? Numerous reasons are often cited. Analyses of items that are called for by their countries of origin are generally famous and valuable works that are paramount to the historical and cultural documentations of those countries. These cultural objects are a symbol of cultural heritage and identity and the return of such historical artworks is a hallmark of the pride of every country and thus must be repatriated. A return of such works calls for a special welcoming ceremony as if a long standing member of the society who has been imprisoned and is now freed is returning home.

Furthermore, advocates for the repatriation of works of art to their places of origin argue that the encyclopedic museums such as the British Museum, Musee du Louvre and the Metropolitan Museum of Art who are the main keepers of the prestigious artistic creations of various countries house them out of the view and reach of the cultures that owns them. It is …

New Jersey’s Tax Exemption And Abatement Laws

P.L.1991, c.431 with final retroactive amendments effective August 5, 1992 consolidated, into one more flexible law, the various long term tax exemption laws under which municipalities may agree with private entities to undertake redevelopment projects in return for tax exemptions.

P.L.1991, c.441, effective for the first full tax year commencing after its January 18, 1992 enactment, consolidated the various five-year tax abatement and exemption laws into one, more standardized law to govern all tax abatements and exemption regardless of the type of structure.

Long Term Tax Exemption Law

Prior to 1993, which was the first full year of operation governed by the new Long Term Tax Exemption Law, under the provisions of N.J.S.A.40:55C-40, the “Urban Renewal Corporation and Association Law of 1961,” commonly known as the Fox-Lance Act, a qualified municipality (a municipality with “areas in need of rehabilitation”) could abate from 15 to 20 years the taxes on newly constructed industrial, commercial, cultural, or residential projects of a corporation, with profits in excess of the limited profits returned to the municipality, or from 30 to 35 years for condominium projects. Condominium projects were given 30 to 35 years in order to provide a realistic period for permanent financing. Also, prior to 1993 under the provisions of N.J.S.A.55:16-1 et seq., the “Limited-Dividend Nonprofit Housing Corporation or Association Law,” a qualified municipality could abate for up to 50 years the taxes on newly constructed housing. Further, under N.J.S.A.55:14I-1 et seq., a qualified municipality could abate for up to 50 years the taxes on newly constructed senior housing. Lastly, prior to 1993, under the provisions of N.J.S.A.40:55C-77, the “Urban Renewal Nonprofit Corporation Law of 1965,” basically the same types of properties and projects as the Fox-Lance Act could be abated for 20 to 25 years with all profits being returned to the municipality. In all cases under these property tax exemption laws in-lieu of tax payments were required.

Commencing in 1993 the provisions of N.J.S.A.40A:20-1 et seq. permitted a qualified municipality to abate the taxes on properties and projects in the same way the pre 1993 law did with the following notable exceptions:

A new, flexible in-lieu of tax formula was established with a phasing-in of payments in-lieu of taxes to occur under both the percent of gross rental formula and the percent of total project cost formula.

The formulas for computing payment in-lieu of taxes for both office projects and housing projects were changed. The minimum annual service charge for office buildings was reduced from 15 to 10 percent of the annual gross revenues of the project or units of the project. Municipalities retained the option of computing the payment in-lieu of taxes at no less than 2 percent of the total project cost or total project units cost. For housing projects the annual service charge was changed from a minimum of 15 percent to a maximum of 15 percent of annual gross revenue of the project or from a minimum 2 percent to a maximum 2 percent of the total project cost or total project unit cost.

The payment in-lieu of tax formulas remains basically unchanged for all other types of industrial, commercial or cultural projects.

Five-Year Exemption and Abatement Law

Prior to 1993, which was the first full year of operation under the new Five-Year Exemption and Abatement Law, there were three types of property to which a qualified municipality (a municipality with “areas in need of rehabilitation”) could grant a partial exemption and abatement for a five-year period.

These property types included:

Homeowner improvements (including additions and enlargements) made to one-unit or two-unit residential dwellings that were more than 20 years old. As determined by ordinance the first $4,000, $10,000 or $15,000 of increased value due to improvement on each unit could be exempted from taxation (see N.J.S.A. 54:4-3.72 to 3.79).

Commercial and industrial improvements and construction projects (with less than a 30% increase in building volume) could have the full assessed value of the improvement exempted with payments in-lieu of taxes made at 2%of project cost or 15% of annual gross revenues or an in-lieu of tax payment phased-in. (see N.J.S.A. 54:4-3.94to 3.112).

Multiple dwelling improvements or conversion of other types of structures to multiple dwellings could have up to 30% of the full value of the improvement or conversion alteration exempted. No in-lieu of tax payment was required (see N.J.S.A. 54:4-3.121 to 3.129).

Commencing in 1993 the provisions of N.J.S.A. 40A:21-1 et seq., the “Five-Year Exemption and Abatement Law,” which consolidated all provisions of the previous five-year abatement statutes, permitted a qualified municipality to grant partial exemptions and abatements on residential dwellings, non-residential structures and multiple dwellings in the same way the pre 1993 law did, with the following notable exceptions made to the new law:

A new, single definition of “areas in need of rehabilitation” …

Women Artists – Painting Cloth-Less Females With Different Perspective

The painting in general and the paintings of body of a cloth-less woman in particular had remained the ‘bastion of male painters’ for a long time. It had made the art of figurative painting more or less male oriented. Paintings were done as seen from the eyes of males exclusively.

Many a time, on seeing these paintings, especially of the paintings depicting unclothed beauty of a female body, we tend to believe that these pieces of art are painted for satisfying the male gaze only. The artists who painted these females looked prejudiced in highlighting those parts of a female body where the males ‘invests’ their eyes much and would take pleasure in looking at the same.

However the scenario is changed a little bit now. If the paintings done by some of the modern women painters are any evidence, the story is taking a decisive turn.

Change in Perspective

In this connection the researches and writings done by Sigmund Freud have also done great help. After he taught us about the new ideas about human psychology, the art world also has undergone a change. Depiction of men and women without clothes are now not a taboo as it was past. And the women painters, too, are now entering the field of figurative paintings. Their works have become acceptable among the people. Accordingly the mindset applied while painting women wearing no clothes has changed considerably. The clan of women artists of the bygone century has proved itself more secured and enjoying greater freedom of expression.

Change in Mindset of Artists

With more women painters entering in the field of figurative painting, this art has gone through a substantial change. The female figures painted by women artists look like an honest subject of the paintings. A woman artist also would paint the breasts and other curvy parts of a woman model. But there would be a wide valley of difference in her painting them, so far as the basic attitude of judging a female body as an object is concerned.

While seeing such paintings done by a woman artist, a viewer with artistic eyes would not find that these paintings are painted only as an object for looking at. Women artists choose cloth-less females as subjects of her artistic depiction and they remain faithful to the main road of the art without going on to the sub-lanes. While painting her models, a woman artist honours the female body by painting all the delicacies and beauties it possesses. 

Source by Naval Langa

Why Many LDS Families Like VeggieTales

Mormons are always looking for ways to teach the scriptures and good principles to their children. Many member of the LDS church use the Living Scriptures. The Living Scriptures are really good, however, they just tell the stories. Learning the stories is only part of understanding the scriptures. Members of the Mormon faith try to do as Nephi directs in the Book of Mormon to liken the scriptures to their lives. There have been attempts to create entertainment that not only tells the stories but also likens the stories to the lives of children, these have been successful also.

Though VeggieTales was not produced by the LDS church or was created by members of the church, it has gained popularity among members of the Mormon faith. VeggieTales is a show where talking vegetables in computer generated animated episodes tell Bible stories. These stories are usually in a parody format. Though members of the LDS faith believe in the Book of Mormon and other scriptures the Bible is a very important part of their religion.

VeggieTales is a universally Christian show, meaning that it tries to be suitable to all Christian denominations. The show does not make pronouncements of doctrines but, instead teaches specific Christian principles. You would not see them teaching an opinion about grace versus works, or a belief in the resurrection. The show teaches things like being kind to your neighbor, helping others and just being a good person.

VeggieTales is non-denominational, because of this the show tends to be appealing to LDS members. The show will tell stories like Jonah, The Good Samaritan, Joshua and others to illustrate to children how they can apply what is being taught in the scriptures to their own lives.

The slogan of the VeggieTales is “Saturday morning fun, Sunday morning values” this rings true to what Mormons are looking for in entertainment. Deseret Book carries selected DVDs of Veggietales, which means that they should be appropriate for LDS families, since Deseret Book is owned by the LDS Church. The material that is sold by Deseret Book must go through a short approval process. This does not mean that VeggieTales should be shown in your next primary or Sunday School lesson in fact that would be against church policy, but what it does mean is that it is appropriate for families to watch at home.

As a parent I have found that for my family we can all sit down and enjoy watching them together. My two year old already knows the story of Jonah. I like the fact that there are people who want to make good high quality entertainment to help bless the lives of children.

Source by Trent Bowen

The Purpose of Modern Dance

The Problem

Modern dance is one of the hardest genres to define by technique. Modern isn’t necessarily fast or slow or done to specific music, or any music. It doesn’t necessarily highlight specific physical skill or tell a story. It isn’t necessarily anything. And it can include everything. This is fine and great from the view point of many choreographers and dancers because in theory it gives them endless possibilities to play with.

The problem is that “endless possibilities” makes modern dance really hard to talk about and really hard for general audiences to understand. (This is important as they are the ones paying the bills.)

This identity crisis is understandable for an art form whose only purpose seems to be not do what was done before. Studios and even colleges often don’t have time to get into the theory of Modern dance. However, only those who take the time to learn where modern dance came from with have what it takes to give it a serious future.

Define the Purpose, Define the Genre

The heart of this problem has a lot to do with the fact that modern’s original purpose was very, very vague. Something like, “Push the boundaries set by ballet! Break the assumed rules and find a new way to move!” That is an inspiring place to start from, but a definition like “modern is movement that is different…” doesn’t give us much to work with.

As modern dance developed so did the purpose. Each era had its own twist on what the purpose of modern dance should be. And interestingly, each purpose has a surviving following today.

The Original Purpose

The beginnings of modern, fortunately, are well documented. We can read the thoughts of the founders to understand what the purpose of modern dance was for them. As we know, a strong purpose was opposition to the rules of ballet. Doris Humphrey talked about the very beginnings of modern dance:

“This is not to say that the ballet form was bad, but only that it was limited and suffered from arrested development- a permanent sixteen, the the Sleeping Beauty herself. So well established was the formula over so many hundreds of years that, as the twentieth century dawned with its flood of new ideas, there was considerable resistance to any change from the light love story and the fairy tale, and there still is.”(The Art of making Dances Doris Humphrey, p.15-16)

And as Hanya Holm put it, “You should not dance academically. It has no departure, no breath, no life. The academician moves within a group of rules. Two plus two are four. The artist learns rules so that he can break them. Two plus two are five. Both are right from a different point of view.” (Visions, p 78)

Ok, so they originally wanted an alternative to the rules and structure of ballet, but what did that mean? A genre has to have definitions of what it is and not just what it isn’t, right?

To Martha Graham modern technique was the beginning of getting closer to the heart of dance in general. Martha herself said, “The function of the dance is communication… Dance was no longer performing its function of communication. By communication is not meant to tell a story or to project an idea, but to communicate experience… This is the reason for the appearance of the modern dance… The old forms could not give voice to the more fully awakened man.” (Vision, p.50)

In “The Vision of Modern Dance: In the Words of Its Creators” (edited by Jean Morrison Brown, Naomi Mindlin and Charles H. Woodford), they describe her work this way:

“Martha Graham had also begun to develop a new dance technique… For the first time American dancers were creating new movements for new subject matter, and reflecting their own era rather than a previous one. Their movements evolved from the meaning of the dance, rather than from previously learned steps developed by peoples of a different culture. In the process of finding new techniques to express their art, these modern dance pioneers broke the existing rules; indeed, that was their intent, for they were… anti-ballet, anti-the past.” (Vision, p. 43-44)

The founders didn’t agree on everything, but they all agreed that the old rules of dance were too restricting and that the purpose of modern dance would be to explore new possibilities in movement. In 1900’s-1930’s, modern dance was current and exciting because it reflected the change that everyone wanted. As this initial excitement wore off, the purpose of modern dance began to shift.

The Purpose of the 3rd and 4th Generations

Modern dance went through a subtle but interesting change between the 40’s and 60’s. The genre had been around long enough by now that the excitement of a …

Virgo Men – How to Go About Loving a Virgo Man

Loving a Virgo man requires complete honesty on your part. Try and deceive or fool him and you will always be found out. The Virgo man must be able to trust you implicitly so always be truthful with him.

Virgo men also hate “drama scenes” so be open and honest when sharing things with him or asking something from him but never let the moment get too heated; Virgo men find it difficult to deal with high emotion. Indeed they often have a burning desire to be on their own with their own thoughts; do understand that this is part of the personality of Virgo.

Virgo man loves to be seduced – start with chat. Talk about him and his work; let him know how impressed you are with him and his achievements. Talk things over with him, let him know he’s wanted and appreciated. Make him feel special. Maintain lots of eye contact and let those eyes tell him that you want to make love with him. If there is any doubt on his part take a gentle lead and simply suggest to him how you would like to please him and what you would like. Ask for his help in pleasing each other.

If it’s your first time constantly reassure him and gently guide him. Virgo man likes long foreplay; aggressive moves tend to turn him off so be patient. Perhaps start with some gentle stroking and petting and maybe suggest a back massage. Spend some time kissing and cuddling until you feel the time is right then slowly show him what you would like to do for him and what you would like him to do for you. If he would like to take the lead then let him and continually let him know how he pleases you.

You must make sure your Virgo man feels loved and needed at all times if you wish to keep him. You must maintain the important details in his life: respect and care for yourself and your health, keep a tidy, clean house and always keep him special.

Keep him special and you give yourself the best chance of keeping him!

Source by Mary E. Ellen

Prophetic Dreams – Dreams of Being Shot At – What Do They Mean?

Did you dream of being shot at? What could your terrifying dream mean? Are you troubled by it?

If you are overwhelmingly disturbed by a recent nightmare, you are not alone. The feeling of despair that you’re feeling right now isn’t unique to you alone.

I myself dreamt of being shot at as well, and here is my story.

The Dream:

And there I was out in an open sandy field. A man with an automatic rifle aggressively sought to kill me. He and I were the only ones on this barren field therefore, the situation I was in was indisputably dire. This man fired at me relentlessly with a vengeful purpose. He had the weapon, I had nothing to fight back with. Since I could not protect myself I panicked. I tried to dock and dodge as much as I could, but I knew eventually one of those flying bullets would hit me. I was vividly horrified.

Then, all of a sudden, the barrage of shooting stopped.

I heard a yell, and I looked up at the direction of the shooting gun man. He appeared hurt and was holding his head. Apparently, something had come from behind me and struck him across the face. I turned around to see what it was, and low and behold, a man was there with a sling shot.

This man shot again at the gunman a second time, and this time, the rock from the slingshot hit the gunman and blasted him far away from me. It defied logic how this happened. The small tiny rock from the slingshot whizzed through the air with astonishing speed, striking the gunman with surprising precision and an unbelievable force. It was like being shot at by a gushing five feet wide water hose, if there ever was such a thing.

Before I knew it, the gunman had deserted his gun with a cowardly quickness and fled the scene. Then I heard a voice say to me: “Hurry up and grab his weapon. Destroy it!” Whose voice this was, I do not know. But the voice sounded thunderously authoritative. Could have been that of the slingshot man, I’m not sure. I immediately did as I was told and started to dismantle the rifle.

It was while I was breaking apart the weapon that I sprung awake. I woke up with a smile plastered on my face. This was a dream that spelled victory. But victory from what?

Since this dream ended well for me, I figured there was nothing to worry about. So I didn’t care and I quickly forgot about it. Big mistake!


Over the period of a year following this dream, a series of unfortunate events fell upon me and I gradually began to understand what the dream meant. You see, although I was saved by the unknown man at the end of my dream, that still didn’t erase the fact that the gunman attempted, several times, to hurt me.

In the beginning of the narration of my dream, I said the gunman had an automatic rifle and that he fired at me relentlessly. Not once, not twice, but several times.

Now, each bullet that he fired in my direction apparently counted as each problem that I would be coming up against in the near not-so-distant future. And yes, I did come up against major problems. Luckily for me, as in the dream, I was miraculous saved from those problems.


The bottom line here is very simple. If you ever dream of being shot at, you need to be worried…very worried. But before you lose your mind in panic, here are a few questions you MUST answer in order to determine if danger is really lurking.

Before your dream, do you remember hearing or seeing anything related to guns (action movies, the news, heard a story, etc)? Do you remember reading about anything related to guns or shooting in the newspapers or other reading materials?

If your answers to these questions are all NOs, then be very careful. Make sure you pray often. Events are coming your way that aren’t going to be pleasant.


In my dream, although I was shot at, I was never hit or grazed by any of the flying bullets. So I knew, no matter what happened, whenever this dream did manifest itself in real life, I wouldn’t suffer any unpleasant situations. I may suffer from a passing feeling of dread and/or anxiousness (like I did in the dream when I was being shot at) but I knew I’d come out of whatever lied ahead for me in the future victorious and unharmed, just like in the dream.

Now, if you on the other hand happen to have a dream of being shot at, and you find yourself …

Classical Crossover Music – History and Growing Popularity

Over the years, certain classical music works have gained popularity amongst pop music fans, thereby achieving crossover status. Some of these classical music pieces include the Symphony No. 3 by Henryk Górecki, Canon in D by Johann Pachelbel, and the second movement of Mozart’s Piano Concerto No. 21, K. 467 from its appearance in the 1967 film Elvira Madigan.

Classical Crossover is used to refer to classical artists’ recordings of popular repertoire including the Broadway show tunes, as well as collaborations between pop music artists and classical music performers. A good example that fits this definition is the album songs from the Labyrinth, by Sting and Edin Karamazov. An earlier example of classical crossover music is Deep Purple’s 1969 album – Concerto for Group and Orchestra, while a recent example is Metallica’s 1999 album S&M.

The most popular vocal classical crossover artist is Mario Lanza, the American tenor and movie star who was popular in the 1950s, whose amazing voice caught the attention of even those who were not die-hard classical music fans. Lanza was signed as an artist to RCA Victor on its premium label – Red Seal. One of his most amazing musical feats was his recording of Be My Love, from The Toast of New Orleans, his second film, which hit Number One on the Billboard pop singles chart in February 1951 and sold more than 2-million copies. To-date, no classical label artist, including The Three Tenors, has been able to match this achievement.

However, the beginning of classical crossover as a truly popular form of music is credited to the famous “three tenors” Pavarotti, Careras, and Domingo. During their tours, these three top opera singers presented a mixture of operatic and popular material to huge crowds, which resulted in the production of enormously successful albums.

In recent years classical crossover has come into its own as a genre of music due to the commercial successes of artist such as Yo-Yo Ma and Josh Groban. Through the infusion of elements of pop, rock and influences such as African chants, Appalachian folk tunes and Nordic fishing songs, these musicians bring a new dimension to classical music.

An example of a successful classical crossover group is Il Divo, a creation of Simon Cowell of “American Idol” fame. According to Billboard magazine, the group’s debut album has sold nearly five million copies, and over a million in the United States. Il Divo offers angelic operatic renditions of pop songs, which have been successful on Billboard’s classical crossover chart. Their style is mainly referred to as “Popera” (Pop + opera) which refers to the singing of opera material in a popularized, but still operatic style. Some members of Il Divo have had operatic training and are able to sing many arias and other classical material using an operatic style of singing.

Singers such as the English soprano Sarah Brightman, Charlotte Church, and self-taught Italian tenor Andrea Bocelli also offer renditions of classical works. The fact that these are done by popular singers has also helped transform classical crossover into a popular genre of its own.

To reciprocate the entry of popular singers covering operatic and classical material, trained opera singers, such as Natasha Marsh, Bryn Terfel and Vittorio Grigolo have also produced classical crossover albums hoping to cash in on this genre’s popularity.

Today, Classical crossover music is generally appealing to a bigger segment of the population, although purists criticize it as being an inferior, diluted version of real classical music. Nevertheless, the increasing popularity of this genre has resulted in more young people gaining interest in classical music enough to take up violin lessons or even lessons in opera singing. This has also been fuelled by the glossy, sexy marketing of most of the successful crossover artists that has transformed them into modern day pop stars.

Source by Joan One

Professional Tattoo Equipment and Tools of Tattoo Artist

Tattoo studios need to be fully equipped with the tools and materials to create a reputable name in the tattoo industry. It is important that these materials are maintained at its utmost cleanliness and sterility.

What do tattoo artists need to have?

Tattoo Machine

Also called Tattoo Guns. It is a handheld gun-shaped machine that is used to create the tattoo. The needle bar holds the needle and moves up and down to deliver the ink in your skin.

Thermal Copier

It allows the tattoo artist to copy the design unto a person’s skin. This will allow the artist and the subject to see how and what would the final tattoo look like.

Tattoo Needles

They can be round that is used to create lines or shades. Needles can also be flat that is used for shading. It is important that they are for single use.

Tattoo Inks

Tattoo inks are composed of two components: pigments and carrier. Pigments are those that provides color while carriers are liquids that dilutes the pigments and keeps it from clumping together. Also, it has a disinfecting action.

Tattoo Chair

This chair is made for the comfort of the subject and to provide efficiency of the artists work. This will make the subject feel relaxed on a steady position. Also, it can be modified to accommodate the subject comfortably in whatever position to properly expose the area where the tattoo will be placed.

Flash designs

These are illustrations of a design created by a tattoo artist normally explicitly displayed on the shop to attract customers and make them able to assess or judge the artists skills. It comes in two parts: stencil and the full flash. Stencils are border or basic outline of the drawing. On the contrary, full flash designs are complete with color and is basically how the final tattoo will appear.

Other paraphernalia’s include disposable razors to shave the area to be tattooed, disposable gloves, ink cups and holders.

Most importantly, the shop or the artist must have an autoclave machine to sterilize all reusable items.

Source by Ralph A. Miller

Benefits of Music As a Hobby

People generally wake up in the morning saying their morning prayer in a rhythmic tone. You teach your child the nursery rhymes in a musical tone. Whether it is the flowing river or the cool breeze or the birds singing, there is music all around. Music is a very essential part of your life. One cannot simply live without music. You can sing on your own, listen to songs or play instruments on your own. Many people have different hobbies among which some people choose to keep music as their hobby. There are latest music players like iPad music players in which you can just plug in your earphones and listen to music. There are a number of instruments which are required for playing music. Playing a musical instrument is also one of the unique hobbies. The only thing you need to play any instrument is patience. You must also practice regularly in order to sharpen your skills.

Developing personality and better skills

• Creativity- When you a play an instrument, it increases your creative factor. There are various types of music. You have got different music for different songs. If you are a song composer, you need to create new music for any kind of new lyrics you write. Then you need to enhance the quality of playing your instrument. Thus it helps in increasing your creativity.

• Personality- Another positive point of music lovers in that it helps in developing a great personality. You gain confidence when you perform in front of a crown in any function.

• Expressing feelings- If you are a songwriter, you can express all your feelings through the lyrics. You can speak your heart out. When you are in a sad mood, you can listen to the sad songs and when you are thinking of romance then you can listen to romantic songs.

• Stress buster- Music is the best medicine if you want to get relief from the tensions of everyday life. When you listen to soft music, it soothes your mind to a great extent and then it removes a lot of stress.

• Pass time- Children can play the instruments and rehearse singing during their pass time. It will make their mood good.

• Profession- You can consider music more than just your hobby. You can consider it as a profession if you excel in this. You can become a playback singer or you can join bands. You have a bright future in the music industry.

Source by Aman Kumar Kapoor

How to Launch a Jewelry Line Is a Dying Art

Design concepts increasingly come “from the path up,” says Helene Fortunoff, rather than just from elite society. From a home-based design and manufacturing workspace, independent designers can produce and market fine and costume jewellery that could reach a world market. Beautiful jewellery design might require some knowledge of working together with metals, for example, silver, gold, and precious or semi-precious stones. Costume jewellery design media, however, are limited only because of the designer’s imagination. Following are a handful of steps for launching a jewellery line.

Educate yourself the jewellery production process. Take a jewelry-making class in a local art school or extension class to acquire some basic know-how. Read books and sign up for relevant jewelry-related magazines to determine industry specific information.

Set up an exclusive area in your house or have a workshop/showroom to produce and display your jewellery line. Create a showroom area by having an efficient and artistic display. Store jewellery inventory within a safe, clean, and organised fashion.

Obtain the standard business start-up needs, including business licenses and insurance; house technology; and software and tools for managing bookkeeping, record retention, taxes, inventory database.

Purchase making jewellery tools and equipment and locate reliable vendor helpful information for jewellery material. Unless the jewellery line will target one-of-a-kind custom jewellery, use material which could be quickly replenished to fill orders. A reliable source for beads and also other jewellery stock is Fire Mountain Gems. Additionally, Rio Grande has supplied artisan and metalsmith jewellers with products since 1944.

Generate buzz. Spend time finding getting the jewellery worn by those that can establish the buzz. This may include entertainment or sports celebrities. Wear the jewellery merchandise wherever possible and donate pieces to fashionable friends willing to serve as soft marketers to come up with interest.

Hire your free account executive to produce hard sale leads with shops, shops, and jewellery stores. This person is usually retained initially as a possible independent contractor on commission. Someone experienced with sales or marketing sufficient reason for contacts in retail could be the best fit. The Fashion Industry Search Engine is often a reliable resource for fashion business information.

Get your items directly into the hands of buyers. Participate in arts and crafts demonstrates that are appropriate for that jewellery line. Set up jewellery trunk shows at jewellery or fashion boutiques. These are great opportunities to create media interest and justify sending a well-produced press release and photograph image of a sample from your jewellery collection.

Source by Zia Tebusum

Deer Hunting – How to Pass the Time While Waiting for Your Buck

While deer hunting, it can seem like time can drag on and on. After all, it is not like you can entertain yourself with a handheld DVD player or even a radio like we do in the “real world.” It is just you and nature, and nothing in between. A hunter must find a way to make all parts of deer hunting, not just the tracking and shooting parts, interesting.

A hunter may start to feel like a guard outside of Buckingham Palace: unable to move, no matter what insect or creature comes along. No matter the time, no matter the weather. It is very important that a hunter does not fall asleep, especially when up in a tree stand.

Falling asleep in a tree stand can lead to great injury. Besides, if you fall asleep, you may miss a big buck, right beneath your tree. Even worse, you might start snoring and scare every living creature within miles away.

So, how can you liven up your deer hunting and make it more interesting?

· Music: yes or no. With the popularity of mp3 players, some hunters have started bringing their own type of entertainment along with them. Of course, if you really want to bag a deer, you should keep your ears open at all times. Many people hear a deer before they ever see it. Also, unless you have amazing headphones, the sound is going to extend beyond just your ear. And, as a side thought, some people cannot help but tap their feet or sing along to music… OK in the city, bad when deer hunting. So, just say no to music.

· One way that I stay awake is to stay as aware as possible. I love being in constant check of my surroundings. I focus all of my attention toward finding a deer. I scan the area constantly and I always use my periphery vision. I keep my ears open to any sound. Most times, even on the afternoons that I do spot a deer, I will see many other types of wildlife, and the experience is amazing.

· So, even I can not focus all of my attention fully on deer hunting all of the time. So, I start playing games in my head:

o I take the name of a famous person, first and last, then I have to think of another famous person who’s first name starts with the first letter of the last name, and so on. This can entertain me for about half an hour.

o I find a word, usually somewhere on my equipment, and I break it up and see how many other words I can come up with. For instance, from the words “deer blind,” I get the words reed, beer, bind, binder, blinded, dine, etc.

o I count trees or other objects.

o I philosophize.

o I compose symphonies in my head.

o I try to think of an animal for every letter of the alphabet.

o I empty my mind of all troubles.

o I meditate.

The important thing is to only let your mind wander and play for short periods of time. Then focus your attentions on your surrounding until you need another mind break.

For some people, deer hunting is monotonous. But then there are those of us who love the calmness and “boringness” of deer hunting. All of the waiting is worth it, just for those thrilling few moments of spotting and shooting a deer.

Besides, after a weekend of deer hunting, I feel rejuvenated. The time spent alone in the wild clears my head of all stresses. I sit and think about and solve almost all of my problems of the previous year. I learn more about myself. I learn more about nature. There are few things better for me.

Source by Anne Clarke

The Cancer Antidote

Australian Science-Art researchers in the 1980s used infinite fractal mathematics to measure the life-force governing seashell evolution over a 50 million year period. The computer program generated futuristic seashell simulations matching the mathematics recorded in the seashell fossil record. The world’s largest technological research institute IEEE, in 1990 acclaimed this as an important optics discovery of the 20th Century. Scientists could see that the computer simulations matched the evolutionary fossil mathematics. They were incapable of comprehending that the living creatures within the shell were the authors of 50 million years of mathematical evolution. The reason for this is because prevailing science demands that life must move toward extinction, not infinity. When sterile quantum mechanical mathematics is used to generate futuristic seashell life-form simulations, they became distorted.

Quantum mechanics can be now be considered to convey a form of scientific cancer information. Epidemiologists have identified the existence of what they refer to as a 3D global epidemic transmitted by the mass production of dysfunctional communication and information devices. The discovery of the antidote to this epidemic in 2016 demonstrated the existence of a 3D stereoscopic information system functioning in contradiction to the dysfunctional one. The optical transmission of the healthy information appeared to belong to the working of a holographic universe, alluded to in ancient Greek science.

The mathematician Georg Cantor, considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of all time, was despised by his peers and the Church for his revolutionary theories giving humanity mathematical access to infinity. Eventually his theories became obviously correct. His summation of his invention of set theory expressed a concept that is fundamental to the functioning of a holographic universe: “A set is a Many that allows itself to be thought of as a One”.

In quantum biology cancer research, healthy living information flows in the opposite direction to the energies moving toward extinction. Their entanglement acts to evolve universal consciousness according to the Nobel Laureate in Medicine, the Founder of the American National Cancer Research Foundation, Szent-Gyorgyi. He argued in his 1972 Letter to Science, that prevailing science is by nature carcinogenic, preventing the discovery of a cure for cancer.

For thousands of years human tribes evolved by waging perpetual war against each other in obedience to the law of survival of the fittest. Now that DNA can demonstrate that humans belong to one species, the laws governing scientific reality need to be adjusted accordingly. Any species that continually harms itself is suffering from a form of neurological cancer. Therefore, at least two scientific worldviews exist, one describing reality for the evolution of human tribes and another for the evolutionary survival of the human species.

Medical statistics demonstrate that despite brilliant technological discoveries that mitigate cancer disease, the global war against cancer is failing. The more money put into cancer research the more cancer proliferates. During the evolution of mathematics at the dawn of civilisation in Mesopotamia, we find two sciences. One led to our exploration of galaxies throughout the universe and the other resulted in the threat of our extinction via nuclear warfare. Plato warned within ‘The Republic’ about the potential of an incomplete science causing unformed matter to emerge from the physical atom to destroy civilisation. Geog Cantor explained about the measurable difference of an incomplete science, in which all life in the universe is doomed to extinction and a science that allows the life force process to evolve to infinity. As mentioned above, the Nobel Laureate cancer researcher, Szent-Gyorgyi, considered that Einstein’s tribal mathematics governed by a Neolithic necessity to wage constant war, is innately carcinogenic. The greatest honour to Einstein’s undoubted genius will be to immortalise it beyond the limitations of the law he knew governed tribal science.

The Sumerian culture measured time on earth as a seven day week of 24 hours per day, each hour comprising of 60 minutes. This measurement of time was associated with direction belonging to a circle containing 360 degrees. Both Sumerian time and direction mathematics are now used to explore the physical reality of the universe. However, the Sumerian intuition concerning the nature of infinity was not scientifically feasible. Instead, the survival of the fittest paradigm needed to belong to an emotional desire to enjoy waging war, hence the worship of their goddess of sex and war, Innana. Numerous clay tablets exist in which access to infinity became the prerogative of various warring gods associated with the creation of hybrid humans. Hostility among the gods occurred when immortality was granted to a keeper of the Ark during the Great Flood. Variations of this concept of mythological, religious infinity were adopted by the following Babylonian culture, later spreading into major religions throughout the world.

Babylonian scientific priests developed the Sumerian astrological science to be able to predict eclipses accurately. The Sumerian …

Career of Someone With Tan Lang (Greedy Wolf) Star in Their Zi Wei Dou Shu Chart

I was teaching Zi Wei Dou Shu (“ZWDS”) astrology to a person by the initial of N.S over the weekend. As we were analyzing one chart belonging to a yet- to- be-identified celebrity, N.S asked me if the chart belonged to that of a prostitute. I can see his logic for guessing so because this lady’s chart had a Tan Lang (Greedy Wolf) star it has a Hua Ji (Transformed Avoidance) star. In Zi Wei Dou Shu astrology, star images are critical to our understanding of each star and the image for Tan Lang is a courtesan or geisha. Hua Ji means unstable or exhibiting unstable characteristics. Most Zi Wei Dou Shu book authors or teachers classify Hua Ji as a negative star or negative enhancer although I beg to differ on the description that Hua Ji star is all about negativities.

So it is comes as no surprise most people would surmise that a Geisha that turns negative is likely to be a prostitute. It is true Geishas or Courtesans sells entertainment and for ladies in the entertainment industries, when we think of work obligation going to the extreme, we may think they sell their bodies as well. However, Hua Ji is not a negative star or negative enhancer as I often reiterate. The way I would read the Hua Ji enhancer is that it makes this person an extremely engaging or outstanding entertainer.

The entertainer whose chart we were discussing is actually that of a famous but deceased Hong Kong entertainment industry diva.

So as we can see, the Hua Ji is not unequivocally exerting negative influences on her, at least not on her career. Hua Ji represents extreme and in this case, it manifests in her as a “extremely popular” person in the entertainment (singing and acting) industry. So while prostitution and performing arts all belong to the same career categorization of entertainment, care should be taken not to colour the birth chart of performing artistes with sleaze. While people with Tan Lang star may do well either in the performing arts or prostitution industry, there is a world of difference in both industrial professions.

Source by Ken Toh J

His Most Famous Painting (The Ancient of Days) – William Blake

English ‘Romantic’ painter, printmaker, and poet William Blake (1757-1827) was a radical visionary. He expressed his mystical views through paintings, engravings, and poetry. Blake was never inclined to represent the materialistic things around him. The concept of his work was driven by religious visions. Blake’s unusual capability to capture and portray a theme from just his imagination shows his sheer brilliance as an artist. One of his most amazing paintings was a relief called “The Ancient of Days,” created in 1794.

This print of 23 cm x 17 cm (9″ x 7″) in size was made from a copperplate engraving. “The Ancient of Days” was actually a cover illustration for his book of poems ‘Europe, a Prophecy,’ which Blake published in 1794. William Blake claimed to have created this alluring image based on a vision he had over a staircase while he was living in Lambeth. It may not seem that there is an obvious connection between the print and its title, however, its a known fact that in his prophecies, Prophet Daniel referred to God as “The ancient of Days.” Blake made the print with intricate detail and hand painted it using deep vibrant watercolors.

The image features an old but strong looking man sitting on one knee in a sphere bending down. The bright coloring of the sphere makes it seem like the sun surrounded by a dark cloudy sky depicted in maroons and browns. The man has long white hair and a white beard. He is stretching to bend downwards outside the sphere holding a huge compass in his left hand, as if taking a measurement. William Blake was termed eccentric, for he rejected all the conventional norms of religion and formed his own beliefs. He often conveyed his ideology through his works. “The Ancient of Days” is one such illustration where Blake portrays ‘Urizen’ (a name he had given to the creator of the universe in his writings). This magnificent illuminated print is proof of Blake’s inventive creative genius and skillful artistry.

“The Ancient of Days” was a personal favorite of Blake’s. It is currently housed at the British Museum in London. His innovative artwork may not have been well received during his lifetime, but today they are considered great masterpieces. William Blake’s artwork is deemed unique and critics have tagged him as one of the greatest artists Britain produced.

Source by Annette Labedzki

Leave the Games Behind – Team Building 101

Call it a bad, real-life version of The Office. The boss decides that productivity and morale are down, so there needs to be team building. So on a chilly Wednesday morning, rather than being at work, the whole staff finds themselves at the base of a high ropes course. The morning starts with some reaffirming words about trust and positive thinking and keeping an open mind from the facilitator, followed by some activities to aid in communication and trust, such as a trust fall and the human knot game. Soon, after some rudimentary safety training, the staff begins to tackle the high roped elements of the course; some are not so wild about heights, so they elect to stay on the ground and help with the safety ropes. As the sun sets that evening, the facilitators congratulate everyone on a job well done and for participating, and hope that the staff is able to take the lessons learned that day back into the office.

Come Thursday morning, with the exception of maybe some sore muscles, its back to business as usual. The boss cannot figure out why his team is not any better, and retreats back to the confines of his office to ponder what to do next.

This is actually an all-too-common scenario. Too often when a team is not performing up to expectations, the powers-that-be elect for a “team building” day, such as the one described above or something similar. And while a day scrambling up an artificial wall may be fun, there is one major caveat to engaging in the above activities: none of it is team building.

Simply put, team building is not an activity, but an ongoing process. There are certainly activities and initiatives that can be of use as tools in this process, but they are not an end unto themselves, and if used as such or not properly facilitated, they can potentially create more harm than good.

In understanding team building, it is important to determine what it is not.

Avoid the Clichés

First, there must be a distinction made between bonding and building. Bonding is merely an act of sticking two or more objects together; in terms of people, it is two or more people getting along and caring for each other at some level. This can be done very quickly, such as a child using paste to attach the eyes onto their Halloween jack ‘o lantern project in school: effective, though temporary. A more permanent bond is possible, but requires greater time and effort.

Building, on the other hand, is an organized and planned effort to construct a solid structure to serve a purpose. There are many individual activities and transactions required to achieve this goal, and once the initial structure is complete, constant maintenance is required to keep it functional. It is a continual process.

As such, team building is not building camaraderie. While in an ideal environment the team will bond and genuinely care for each other’s well-being, it is more realistic that there are people on every team who wish nothing more than to come in, do their job, and go home. Even more realistic a view is that there are people on the team who may actively despise another member. These are obstacles, to be sure, but ultimately the success of the team is not dependent on everyone liking each other, so this is not a goal of team building.

Additionally, team building is not an activity. Putting a team through team building “initiatives”, such as the aforementioned human knot and ropes courses and the like in an attempt to demonstrate examples of core team behaviors does little at building the team, as these activities 1) do not always translate well to the work environment, and 2) do nothing to secure continual support of the potential lessons learned.

Team building is an ongoing, multifaceted process encompassing several disciplines that, when done properly and given the due attention it deserves in any organization, plays an important role in an organization’s success. Ultimately, it is getting a group of people to work together towards a common goal in such a way that the results of their efforts are greater than the sum of their parts. This requires constant attention and is achieved over time, and must be maintained through continual efforts. As mentioned before, there are additional activities that can help boost or accelerate team building, but these tools are only an additional support option for what should be a daily function of the workplace and the team leader. Moreover, the activities that qualify as team building tools are very specific in scope and how they are applied; in other words, not just any activity provided by a book or facilitator can necessarily fulfill this purpose.

The Myths

There …