What Are the Hidden Symptoms of an Asthma Attack?

How will you know if you or a loved one is having sudden attack of asthma? There are different attacks of asthma symptoms. These can be any of the following:


This is one of the common symptoms of asthma. You or your loved ones may experience coughing which gets worse during the night. Take note of the pattern in your coughing as this can be the key in diagnosis and in identifying your asthma triggers.


This is also one of the most common asthma symptoms. If you hear a whistling sound especially when you breathe out, that is wheezing.

Chest tightness or pain

If you feel as if a rope if tied around your chest and it gets tighter as you breathe, you are experiencing chest tightness or pain.

Shortness of breath or difficult breathing

This symptom of asthma attacks is identified as catching your breath, or the sense of breathing through a straw, or difficulty in breathing out.

These four are the overt symptoms of asthma attacks. Since asthma is an inflammation of the air passages, you will most definitely experience these symptoms of asthma attacks. Incidentally, there are also hidden symptoms of asthma attacks. And these hidden symptoms can also help you identify the attack of asthma.

Anxiety or panic.

This hidden symptom is usually triggered by the gradual constriction of your bronchial tubes which will decrease the amount of oxygen in your body. Since you feel that something is wrong but you cannot really identify what it is, you may feel anxious or panicky during or even before the attack of asthma.

Pallor and sweat.

These hidden symptoms of asthma attacks are really early warning signs of the attacks of asthma. When you come into contact with your asthma triggers, your airway passages will start constricting. As the amount of oxygen in your body is decreased, your face starts turning pale and you may also experience breaking out into a cold sweat.


This is one of the hidden symptoms of asthma attacks that people often overlook. If you feel tired even after sufficient amount of rest, you must consult your doctor. Aside from being a symptom of asthma, fatigue can also be a symptom of other diseases.

If you start experiencing these over and hidden symptoms of the asthma attacks, you must consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor will run some tests to rule out the possibility of other diseases since these symptoms of asthma attacks can also be symptoms of other diseases. Once proper diagnosis is made, appropriate treatment can also be prescribed.

In managing asthma, identifying the triggers is very important to prevent the attacks of asthma from recurring. Always observe the time, environment, and activity before and during an asthma attack.

Source by Eddy Wai KK

Advantages and Disadvantages of Acrylic Paint in Acrylic Art Paintings

Acrylic paints first showed up on the market in the 1950s. This revolutionary new paint helped to bring about a new form of art. Acrylic art which could be produced at a much faster rate that artwork created with other types of paint. The acrylic art soon became a paint of choice for many artists, but there were also those who saw some disadvantages to this new paint. This made them hesitant to use them and to create acrylic artwork.

Fast Drying

One of the top reasons why so many artists were drawn to the idea of acrylic art paintings was the paints fast drying time. Previously it could take weeks for a piece to completely dry when they were created with oil paints. That waiting time could become tedious when an artist simply wanted a piece to be complete. Acrylic paints offered a quick drying time and that was very appealing to artists. On the other hand, the quick drying time often results in harsh looking acrylic art. This is because colors can’t easily be blended or softened.

A Familiar Appearance

Acrylic art also have the ability to be diluted with water. When this is done acrylic art paintings resemble watercolors or oil paintings. They are easily used to replace watercolors and oil paint. In many cases acrylic paints are preferred over watercolors because as the acrylic paint dries the color does not change as it does with watercolors. This allows for a more predictable final coloring of a piece.


Acrylic paints, when dry, are resistant to water damage. This makes it much easier to preserve acrylic art paintings and other acrylic artwork. They also do not yellow as oil paints often do. They resist cracking and changing at all. Some may actually see a problem with the fact that this paint is resistant to water because it makes altering an acrylic artwork very difficult if not impossible.


Many artists prefer acrylic paint because using this type of art requires far less exposure to toxins. Acrylic paint can be thinned with only water and does not require any type of toxic substance in the thinning process. Also brushes can be cleaned in just water without the use of toxic substances. However, the paint itself may contain some toxins and if an artist is trying to slow the drying time then toxic substances must be used.

The advantages and disadvantages of acrylic artwork is something the individual artist has to weigh for themselves. Some artists may find the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages. It all really comes down to what look an artist in trying to achieve. Acrylic paints have a specific look and even though they may be able to somewhat mimic watercolors or oil paint, when acrylics are used it is usually a very distinguishable look. Besides that working with acrylic paint is a much different process. So, it really comes down to the artist and their preference of which type of paint to use.

Source by Nicole Roberts

How to Calculate the Intrinsic Value of Stocks Like Warren Buffett

One of the most sought after calculations in all of investing is Warren Buffett’s intrinsic value formula. Although it may seem elusive to most, for anyone that’s studied Buffett’s Columbia Business Professor, Benjamin Graham, the calculation becomes more obvious. Remember the intrinsic value formula that Buffett uses is an embellishment of Graham’s ideas and fundamentals.

One of the most amazing things about Benjamin Graham is that he actually felt bonds where safer and more probable of an investments than stocks. Buffett would strongly disagree with that today due to high inflation rates (a whole different topic), but this is important to understand in order to understanding Buffett’s method for valuing equities (stocks).

When we look at Buffett’s definition of intrinsic value, we know he’s quoted as saying that the intrinsic value is simply the discounted value of the future cash flows of a company. So what the heck does that mean?

Well, before we can understand that definition, we must first understand how a bond is valued. When a bond is issued, it is placed on the market at a par value (or face value). In most cases this par value is $1,000. Once that bond is on the market, the issuer then pays a semi annual (in most cases) coupon to the bond holder. These coupon payments are based on a rate that was established when the bond was initially issued. For example, if the coupon rate was 5%, then a bond holder would receive two annual coupon payments of $25 – totaling $50 a year. These coupon payments will continue to be paid until the bond matures. Some bonds mature in a year while other mature in 30 years. Regardless of the term, once the bond matures, the par value is repaid to the holder of the bond. If you were to value this security, the value is completely based on those key factors. For example, what is the coupon rate, how long will I receive those coupons, and how much of a par value will I receive when the bond matures.

Now you might be wondering why I described all that information about bonds when I’m writing an article about Warren Buffett’s intrinsic Value Calculation? Well the answer is quite simple. Buffet values stocks the same way he values bonds!

You see, if you were going to calculate the market value of a bond, you’d simply plug the inputs of the terms listed above into a bond’s market value calculator and crunch the numbers. When dealing with a stock, it’s no different. Think about it. When Buffett says he discounts the future value of the cash flows, what he’s actually doing is summing the dividends he expects to receive (just like the coupons from a bond), and he estimates the future book value of the business (just like the par value of a bond). By estimating these future cash flows from the key terms mentioned in the previous sentence, he’s able to discount that money back to the present day value using a respectable rate of return.

Now this is the part that often confuses people – discounting future cash flows. In order to understand this step, you must understand the time value of money. We know that money paid in the future has a different value then money in our hands today. As a result, a discount must be applied (just like a bond). The discount rate is often a hotly debated issue for investors, but for Buffett it’s quite simple. To start, he discounts his future cash flows by a ten year federal note because it provides him a relative comparison to a zero risk investment. He does this to start so he knows how much risk he’s assuming with the potential pick. After that figure is established, Buffett then discounts the future cash flows at a rate that forces the intrinsic value to equal the current market price of the stock. This is the part of the process that might confuse many, but it’s the most important part. By doing this, Buffett is able to immediately see the return he can expect from any given stock pick.

Although a lot of the future cash flows that Buffett estimates aren’t concrete numbers, he often mitigates this risk by picking nice, stable companies.

Source by Preston G Pysh

Ayala Bar Jewelry – About the Artist and Collections

About the Artist:

Ayala Bar was born in Israel and resides there today, creating unique jewelry designs from her studio in Givatayim, a Tel Aviv suburb. After graduating from art school in the 1980’s and pursuing an eclectic career in theater and interior design, she started her design company in 1990 and has emerged as one of Israel’s leading handcrafted jewelry designers. Today, Ayala Bar jewelry can be found in boutiques, department stores and art galleries around the world and across almost all continents. Museum stores such as the Jewish Museum of New York City and the Victoria and Albert Museum in London proudly feature this unique jewelry, which has become a household name for jewelry designs that are bold yet feminine, innovative yet timeless.

The Unique Designs:

Ayala’s creations stem from her unique understanding of the trends in the fashion world while being true to her own distinct style and vision, which clearly have an international appeal. Ayala works magic from a unique variety of non precious metals and materials including Swarovski crystals, pearls, leather, velvet, glass beads, assorted metals, mineral stones, fabrics, beads, crystal rhinestones, antique brass and other natural elements. Each jewelry item from the artist’s collections is intricately handcrafted from a subset of these materials. The result is a unique symphony of colors which resemble the Art Deco jewelry style of the 1920s. This unique and stunning style has frequently been referred to as “Art Deco Meets Middle East”.

Ayala Bar Collections – Ayala Bar Spring 2011:

Ayala releases two collections every year – one in the spring and one in the fall. Each collection includes several hundred pieces of jewelry, including earrings, brooches, necklaces and bracelets. As quantities are limited to a short production period, the artist’s collections have become more and more collectible items. Her most recent collection is the Spring 2011 collection, a unique and exciting collection with a palette of colors ranging from bright and colorful to more muted tones. This collections features jewelry in three styles: Hip, Radiant and Classic. More on the various styles integrated in the collections in section below.

Ayala Bar Jewelry Styles:

Each Ayala Bar collection includes jewelry items in various unique styles integrating different themes and materials. These styles include the following:

Classic Style: inspired by mosaic designs, this style and features more traditional neutral tones with the occasional pop of color. Each jewelry piece integrates decorative beading, often mosaics placed into well-defined areas, resulting in a very Byzantine era style.

Hip Style: a more daring jewelry style for women looking for a more bold look which stands out from the crowd. Inspired from everything from tropical flowers to Incan art, this style works unusual fabric compositions with metal, stones, crystal and glass.

Signature Style: This style combines large multi color beads worked into slick and trendy necklaces and earrings.

Radiant Style: This new style was introduced in the Ayala Bar Spring 2011 collection and feature fabrics under glass, enabling the combination of pattern, color and simple shapes.

Limited Edition: this limited edition jewelry line is limited in quantity and appeal to the die-hard collector.

Religious Jewelry:

The artist’s collections often feature religious jewelry pieces. Her gorgeous Jewish jewelry items include Star of David necklaces and pendants. The Star of David is believed to be a sign of protection in Jewish tradition. Christian jewelry pieces include unique crosses made in the holy land.

Allergy Information:

Ayala Bar jewelry is handcrafted from tarnish resistant hypo-allergic metal and can be an excellent fit for women with nickel related allergies.

Source by Yael Setty

Top Ten Coolest Security Guard Movies

For as long as we can remember, films that feature bumbling, hapless or larger-than-life security guards, or protective dynamic duos, have been a fun, important part of cinematic history. Here is a list of classic bodyguard movies, or movies with super-strength security stars that we simply can’t forget.

1. Armed and Dangerous: John Candy and Eugene Levy team up and make cinematic history in this brilliant buddy comedy; the bumbling duo play a recently fired cop and amoral lawyer who suit up as security guards, only to find that they’ve unwittingly become members of a corrupt company.

2. The Bodyguard: Kevin Costner and Whitney Houston sizzle on the big screen as a former Secret Service agent acting as bodyguard to a mainstream pop singer. The film’s epic soundtrack continues to be one of the best-selling albums of all time.

3. National Security: Martin Lawrence and Steve Zahn as Earl and Hank, respectively; two guards from different walks of life that have one thing in common: the security company they work for. Their history of hating each other stems from Earl’s key role in Hank’s dismissal from the police force. This odd couple doesn’t disappoint in the laughs department.

4. Observe & Report: This dark comedy features Seth Rogen as Ronnie Barnhardt, a depressed, on-the-brink guard who is head of the security department at Forest Ridge Mall. When he fails to get into the police force and is belittled by the officer taking over his operations, he embarks on a dual mission of madness: to prove himself and catch the elusive mall flasher, Ronnie’s arch enemy and ultimate target.

5. In the Line of Fire: Clint Eastwood as Frank Horrigan, a Secret Service agent to the President. Frank famously dropped the ball when it came to saving President Kennedy, but did put himself on the front lines to take out a crafty assassin who is targeting his current client.

6. Paul Blart:Mall Cop: Kevin James holds it down as Paul Blart, who dreams of being an officer for the New Jersey State Police. However, his ample size doesn’t help his chances of being a powerhouse cop, so he has to make do with being a security guard at his local mall. Heartwarming and hilarious, this is a great film for the whole family.

7. The Pacifier: Vin Diesel as tough guy Shane Wolfe, a disgraced US Navy SEAL assigned to work as a bodyguard protecting five rebellious kids. He may soon be the one needing protecting, as he learns the hard way that nannying is no joke.

8. Night at The Museum: Larry Daley is a night guard at New York’s American Museum of Natural History in. Upon beginning his shift, he’s instructed not to let anything “in or out.” He soon comes to realize the significance of this creepy warning: The Museum comes to life at night, kicking off a bone-tingling phenomenon that delighted movie-goers of all ages.

9. Guarding Tess: Nicholas Cage as Doug Chesnic, a Secret Service agent protecting Jessica Tandy’s Tess Carlisle, the widow of a former US President. Though he holds great pride in his prestigious job, the fiesty First Lady tests his limits by treating him like a lowly servant. Have your hankie ready for this endearing tear-jerker.

10. Terminator 2: Judgment Day: Arnold Schwarzenegger returns as the ultimate larger-than-life robo-guard, a well-muscled force from the future on a mission to protect teenager John Connor. Nothing says big-screen fun like another deadly Terminator!

Source by Z Kator

Hang Your Canvas Wall Art With A Ribbon

If you want to add a little flair to the way you hang your canvas wall art, why not use ribbons to hold them up on your wall? It’s an innovative way to present paintings. It also brings more attention to your wall decor. This style of hanging paintings is very suitable for a child’s playroom or bedroom. You can also do this for your paintings in your living room.

If you were to hang your canvas the traditional way, all you would need is a hanging kit, a nail, and hammer. If you want to be a bit more original, then you could use ribbons to hang your artwork. The ribbon should be visible on top of the canvas. The ribbon will become part of the artwork and your wall decor.

If you have decided on a particular painting that you want to hang this way, then you should analyze your painting’s colors and base your ribbon color on that. You have to let your ribbon complement your artwork, not clash with it or overshadow your canvas wall art.

You should also get wider or thicker ribbons for bigger canvas so the ribbon can support the weight of a heavier artwork. Use thinner ribbons of about an inch of smaller paintings. Stick with plain ribbons and avoid patterns on the ribbon. You don’t want the viewer to be distracted from the painting by a flamboyant ribbon.

When you hang your canvas wall art with a ribbon, more attention is drawn to it and it automatically becomes the focal point of your room. You only need a few things to get started with this project like scissors, ribbons, a nail, a hook for your wall, and hammer.

Hammer a small thin nail to attach the ribbon at the back of the canvas, not on the sides. Nail the ribbons on the left and right stretcher bars of the canvas. Lay your painting upside-down on a smooth flat surface with the back facing you.

Place a soft cloth underneath the painting to cushion the blows from the hammer. Hammer carefully to avoid damaging your artwork. You don’t have to hammer too hard because tiny nails can easily puncture the frame.

Install the hook on your wall a bit higher than usual. Remember that the ribbon will be exposed and when you hang your painting, your canvas will fall slightly lower than when hanging without a ribbon. Use bigger and tougher hooks for larger canvas, and smaller hooks for small paintings.

Hanging paintings this way in a series in your hallway or stairwell will also look cute. Don’t overdo the ribbon look in all your canvas wall art throughout the house. Use it only for a few pieces so it won’t look too commonplace.

Source by Ana Trenas

The Darkest Galaxy

Ghostly and invisible, the bizarre dark matter is a mysterious and unidentified form of matter that accounts for approximately 27% of the mass and energy of the observable Universe. Dark matter is thought to be an exotic form of matter that does not interact with light or any other form of electromagnetic radiation, which is why it is transparent and invisible. Although it has not, and cannot, be directly observed, its existence and properties are inferred from its gravitational influence on that which can be seen, such as the motions of visible matter, gravitational lensing, the large-scale structure of the Universe, and its effects on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation–which is the relic radiation of the Big Bang birth of our Universe almost 14 billion years ago. It has been said that the Universe may weirder than we can suppose, and in August 2016 a team of astronomers added still more credibility to that supposition. Their observations reveal that the dark galaxy dubbed Dragonfly 44 is extremely faint for its mass, and it consists almost entirely of the mysterious, ghostly, and invisible dark matter.

The international team of astronomers used the world’s most powerful telescopes to make their important discovery of this massive and very dim galaxy, that is apparently made of 99.99 % of the strange “dark” stuff. Using the W. M. Keck Observatory and the Gemini North telescope–both poised atop the dormant Maunakea volcano in Hawaii–the astronomers were able to detect this bizarre object. The team’s findings are published in the August 25, 2016 issue of The Astrophysical Journal.

Even though the Dragonfly 44 galaxy is relatively nearby, it managed to elude discovery by astronomers for decades because of its extraordinary faintness. It was first discovered, at last, in 2015 when the Dragonfly Telephoto Array stared at a region of the sky in the constellation Coma. Further observations revealed to the astronomers that the galaxy had to have more to it–much more to it–than meets the eye. Dragonfly 44 has so few stars that it would be rapidly ripped to shreds unless there was something there–something invisible–that was holding it together.

The Standard Model of Cosmology indicates that the total mass-energy of the Universe is composed of 4.9% “ordinary” atomic (baryonic) matter, 26.8% dark matter, and 68.3% dark energy. The dark energy, which composes the lion’s share of the Cosmos, is even more mysterious than the dark matter. The currently most-favored explanation for the dark matter proposes that it is a property of space itself, and that it is causing the Universe to accelerate in its expansion. The so-called “ordinary” atomic matter, the runt of the cosmic litter, is really very extraordinary. Atomic matter accounts for literally all of the elements listed in the familiar Periodic Table, and these baryonic elements make our familiar world, and life itself, possible. The iron in your blood, the calcium in your bones, the oxygen that you breathe, the sand beneath your feet, the water that you drink, are all composed of so-called “ordinary” matter. Most of these elements were cooked up in the searing-hot hearts of the Universe’s stars–only hydrogen, helium, and small quantities of lithium and beryllium were produced in the Big Bang. We are such stuff as stars are made of.

Invisible, Ghostly Matter

According to the Standard Model of the formation of cosmic structure, particles of dark matter initially dance together gravitationally to form a crowded place in space, which is termed a dark matter halo. As time passes, these dark halos hoist in–with the irresistible attraction of their powerful gravitational lure–floating clouds of pristine, primordial, primarily hydrogen gas. Hydrogen is the most abundant, as well as the lightest, atomic element in the entire observable Universe. As a result of this ancient beginning, stars and galaxies emerged out of the frigid darkness.

The first galaxies to form in the Universe were likely dark, opaque, and amorphous structures. Shapeless, billowing clouds of ancient gases collected together, and then somersaulted into, the hearts of bizarre halos of the phantom-like, invisible dark matter. Eventually, the first newborn generation of brilliant and sparkling baby stars were born, and their new and roiling flames lit up the first galaxies that served as ancient stellar nurseries.

Dark matter is generally thought to exist because of the very important differences astronomers have observed between the mass of large celestial objects–calculated from their gravitational interactions–and the mass determined from the observable matter that they contain, such as gas, dust, and stars.

The existence of dark matter was first proposed by the Dutch astronomer Jan Oort (1900-1992) in 1932, in order to explain the orbital velocities of stars inhabiting our own Milky Way Galaxy. In 1933, Fritz Zwicky (1898-1974), a Swiss-American astrophysicist at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), …

How Much Will It Cost To Paint a Room?

There are some calculations you can do to help you how to figure out what it will cost to paint a room. Every room is different and every contractor has a different way of figuring out what he will quote you to paint a room. Because of that prices can have quite a bit of spread between multiple quotes. As a professional painter I will help you in figuring out the cost of painting different rooms.

First thing all contractors must know is how long will the job take. A normal sized bedroom should take 1 day unless there is a lot of preparation and repairs. The rooms we will discuss in this article will be bedrooms, foyers, great rooms and dining rooms.

So lets dive in and get a feel for what you may be dishing out for cash to paint your room. The first of rooms to discuss will be Bedrooms. There are various sized bedrooms and there can be paint-able windows and there can be closets with multiple doors, there can be decorative moldings, there can be vaulted ceilings. Lets start with a basic room of 12 foot by 12 foot the prices we will discuss here can go up to 15 foot by 15 foot, we will then add to the quote for any extras that can raise the price.

The basic room takes 1 day to paint. Now just how much should a paint contractor get paid for 1 day of work and what variables can make the price go up or down for just the basic room. Where you live will determine what a contractor may need for a days work. Say we are in New York City, then obviously the cost will be higher. On the low end we will say 200 for a days work and on the high end 500 dollars for a days work. Most folks fit into 300 to 400 a day for labor. This is just a gauge though. Lets put a quote together.

And Guys and Gals – come on and empty the room you will pay some extra if a lot has to be moved – you will not know you did though, because the quote will not specify a cost for moving things. Please have respect and gather all small stuff and small furniture like night tables and get them out of the room. Remove window treatments and pictures.

Paint costs are around 30 to 50 dollars a gallon.

Bedroom 12 x 15 ft.

This room has a couple of nail pops and two small cracks that need to be patched ( this is average and does not really affect price)

Walls painted with two coats

Ceiling painted with two coats

Trim, baseboard, 1 entry door and two closet doors, two windows painted with two coats

Paint for this room will be

1 gallon of ceiling paint

3 gallons of wall paint

1 gallon of trim paint

Paint 40 dollars a gallon

Labor cost………. 350 dollars

Material cost……. 160 dollars

Total…………… 550 dollars

Now lets add variables That add to cost

If you live in an affluent area add 100 to 200 dollars to the cost.

If there is much more in repairs add 100 to 300 more dollars.

If there is wallpaper to remove add 300 dollars

If that wallpaper is difficult to come off and messes the wall up add another 100 dollars ( A word on wallpaper. If you attempt to remove wallpaper yourself if it does not come right off with no damage – go for it

If it does not STOP NOW Before it costs you dearly especially if your walls will need to be skim coated to fix it!)

If there is crown moldings add 50 to 100 dollars depending on what kind of crown (like dentil molding).

If there is a chair rail add 50 dollars

If there is other decorative moldings add 100 to 500 dollars ( this is very rare )

If you want to use two different colors on the walls like an accent wall or on color on top of a chair rail and another below add 50 dollars plus the cost of another gallon of paint.

If you are using deep colors add 50 dollars – They can be difficult to work with and may need extra coats

If you have windows that have the crosses that need to be painted add 25 dollars a window.

Add 25 dollars a door for extra doors.

Add 15 dollars for extra windows and if they have the crosses in them add 25 more

If you have a closet add 100 to 500 dollars ( depends on closet – walk-ins can get elaborate)

Add 100 to 500 for a sitting room.

Add 25 dollars a pillar …

The Allure of Vinyl Fencing

Wood is generally the preferred material for fencing and the like. But wood is also expensive and goes against the entire ‘green’ movement. Vinyl is the new ‘wood’ in the sense that it has started to replace wood in the market for fencing, decking, et al.

Vinyl has the exact look and feel of wood and can mimic wood so far that nobody can even tell the difference. It also looks elegant and under-stated.

So just think of something that is stronger and more durable and requires much less maintenance than areal wood fence. Naturally vinyl has become very popular now. Moreover, harsh weather like thunderstorms or rains don’t affect Vinyl fences as much as they affect wood. When you do go in for vinyl you must choose carefully as to what you really want because vinyl is available in a lot of variety.

The purpose of the fence will determine or should determine the type of fence that you actually get to put up. So you have to decide if you want something that safeguards your privacy totally or something that offers you a little privacy or a picket fence. Naturally if you have a ranch then your fence will be very different than if you are fencing your home.

It is also a good idea to do your homework before you decide to purchase vinyl fencing. The important thing about vinyl is that you have to purchase the right type or grade of vinyl as well. Certain companies are known only for residential grade vinyl while others are known for commercial grade vinyl. You should know which you actually need and for this consulting a professional is the right thing to do.

An additional point is that you should always buy virgin vinyl rather than recycled vinyl because the former is more durable and may last longer in the long run even if it is comparatively more expensive.

Furthermore, some comparison shopping may be a good idea. Spend some time in listing the options you have of companies online or the local ones which you might be aware of which will provide you a good deal.

It is also recommended that you look for add-on like return policies or guarantees, warranties and the like. Knowing more about the fencing company that you choose is vital and it is always better if you know everything about them like how good their customer service is.

Source by Davids James

Animation Art Collecting #1 – Authenticating Artwork

An animation art gallery recently received a call from a collector who wanted to sell three drawings of Pluto from the 1937 short film, Hawaiian Holiday. The gallery was interested, so they asked the collector to hold the drawings up to the light and check to see if there was a watermark on the paper. Watermarks, invisible to the reader unless the paper is held to light, show the name of the paper manufacturer and the stock used. Different studios used different stock during specific periods. Although this is not the only indication of authenticity, it does give the buyer an idea of the period of time the piece was produced.

The stock used to produce this film was Hammermill Management Bond. The watermark on the stock the collector was holding did not match, therefore the drawings were forged. The collector had purchased these drawings from another dealer, assuming he could rely on the seller’s “expertise”. Most dealers supply what is known as a Certificate of Authenticity with every piece. This is your insurance policy. It should state everything that is known about the piece. If at any time you discover that the information is not accurate you can return the piece for a full refund. The dealer he had purchased from did not give a Certificate of Authenticity with the piece, so the collector was stuck with three forged drawings worth nothing.

As a collector there are many ways to avoid such costly mistakes, including (1) only buy pieces that come with a Certificate of Authenticity, and (2) have a least a minimal understanding of how to determine authenticity yourself.

CERTIFICATES of Authenticity should be very detailed. They should state the film, year, description of the piece, size of the image and condition. The Certificate should plainly offer a lifetime refund if any of the information at ANYTIME is discovered to be incorrect.

AUTHENTICITY is determined in a number of ways. First, become familiar with the terms. If you did not already know what the term “Watermark” means, you do now. Add more to your arsenal, and keep a notebook so you can authenticate pieces you are searching for. Because production methods and materials remained consistent within each film but VARIED by film, if you know methods to authenticate one piece in a film, you can authenticate EVERY piece in that same film. Common methods to determine authenticity include:

WATERMARKS – You already know what those are and how those work!

PEG HOLES – The holes punched in cels and drawings to hold them steady while they are being photographed. Peg holes can change in shape, dimension and location depending upon the year and studio.

HAND INKING – Studios used to hand ink the outlines for all cels, then paint within the outlines. Each studio reverted to photocopy outlines at different points to transfer the outlines onto the acetate.

PAPER SIZE – Different size paper and acetate were used by studios for different years. Like peg holes, these sizes changed over time but remained constant within each film.

CHARACTER DEPICTION / COLORS – Depending upon the director and the era, the same character may have been depicted in various stages of development and color changes. Become familiar with the styles of different directors and the general era in which each character took on certain attributes and colors.

STUDIO SEAL – When studios discovered a market for their original artwork, they began to place studio seals on each piece and archive the art, letting it trickle out to meet demand and keep prices elevated. Studio seals can be either printed on the art or embossed onto the art. Older vintage cels ARE NOT brought back into the studio to be sealed!

Learning to protect yourself and buying only from reputable dealers are the only two ways to avoid costly mistakes.

Source by Neil Walsh

Best Children Books – Storehouse of Knowledge and Fun

Children love to read books and get a sneak peak into the world of information and knowledge. These books are the most influential and effective means to motivate a child and instill in him the values and morals that help him lead a worthwhile life. They not only get informed and educated with the books but also get entertainment and joy. Since the early days of childhood, every human being begins to comprehend the teachings in the best children’s books. We all love the timeless tales from the ancient epics or folklore. These interesting stories give us important lessons of life.

Since ages the fairy tales have attracted children. These stories have taught us small lessons like honesty, unity, sensibility etc through simple characters and interesting plots. We all love to read about the poor little girl Cinderella, who was ill-treated by her step sisters and mother. The way she meets a prince with help of a fairy godmother really appeals to us. Cinderella has been one of the most popular children books ever. It is considered one of the best selling children’s books.

The Snow White and Seven Dwarfs is one of the most alluring fairy tales that talks about the beautiful girl and her extravaganza with seven kind dwarfs. The Pinocchio is a funny story about a long nosed boy and his perils & adventure. Another amazing tale from the world of fantasies is the Ugly Duckling which is a story about a cute little duckling that feels inferior due to its ugly appearance. She finally grows up to be a beautiful swan. The Red Ridding Hood is a naughty and adorable girl who faces different hurdles and a wild fox as she moves to her granny’s house.

There are numerous stories like the Ginger Bread Man etc which have entertained the children across the world. The fairy tales are considered as one of the best children’s books of all times. Harry Potter series has also attracted children of different age groups. This book has become one of the most successful series of fantasy books that has achieved record sales.

A large number of exciting and enlightening books are available for the children. These days a number of online book stores are present on which the best selling children’s books are available at nominal prices.

Source by Adam Jaylin

Painting – Some Technical Aspects

Painters must be aware of all the intricacies of painting but for the novices, we bring a snapshot of certain technical aspects of painting which will help them out in developing this art.


This refers to the medium used in paintings. It is the color type which is applied on the canvas. The choice of media depends on the solubility, viscosity and miscibility of the fabric or base used. Some examples of painting media include oil paints, pastel paints, spray colors, water colors, enamel paint and wax paint.


Styles of painting vary from person to person. It depends upon the comfort and interest of the painter. It may also include the use of brushes and paints. In fact, every painter is famous for a particular style of art. Some common forms of painting styles are:

Western: folk, graffiti, body painting, abstract figurative, Oriental and primitive.

Eastern: ink and wash, Persian miniature, madhubani, samikshavad and mughal.

Modern forms

Paints are a thing of past. Now, almost each and everything is used in painting. Be it paper pieces, sand, dust, cement, wood or any other material, they are widely being used in giving texture and extra look to the paintings.

Digitization has also brought various software in the market like Adobe Photo shop, corel draw, image maker and many other which can insert any design, shade or style which you can ever imagine of.

Recent time applications

Gone are the days when painting was done on canvas through brush and paints, exhibited, sold and over. Now it finds its applications in a host of other fields also. The basics and studies of painting are being used in interior designing for decorating houses. Painting provides an insight onto various color combination s and contrasts which enables interior designers to make heaven out of homes.

Another application of painting is in fashion designing where designers create aesthetic and graceful dresses of beautiful color combination s. Here also, the fundamentals of painting come handy in deciding which color or shade suits best on a particular complexion and figure.

A final word

Painting is a universe in itself and you will get more engrossed in it if you will delve deep into it. There are treasures to be found in this area but it requires patience and long years of hard and sincere work. It can be opted both as a hobby and as a profession. The difference lies in the commitment and pursuit.

Source by Tushar Mangl

How To Sell Christian Songs

If you’ve written a faith based song and want to make money from it, here’s how to sell Christian songs!

The income stream from Christian songs includes radio airplay on Christian stations, CD sales through Christian book stores; CD sales through secular stores such as Walmart; CD sales at live events, downloads direct from your own ministry website; and sales through Amazon.com, iTunes and other sites.

It can also include income from your song’s use in Christian movies, cable television and network television; use in product commercials, music book publication, royalties from churches using your song in plays or worship, foreign uses for all of the above… the list continues and it’s long. If your song garners radio airplay you’ll receive royalties from SESAC, BMI or ASCAP.

To get the stream flowing you must decide if you want a music publisher to handle your song and exploit the copyright or if you prefer to keep a higher percentage by self-publishing.

Next, you’ll need to have either a demonstration recording (a.k.a. “a demo”) made for pitching your songs to Christian music publishers, producers and record companies, a master recording made or have a limited release CD made containing your song(s) for your self-publishing efforts.

A master single or a limited release CD can also double as a demo but it’s more expensive. This step will cost money but if your song is good enough to sell, it’s a necessary investment you will recoup later.

Most songwriters write both lyrics and music. If you only have lyrics written so far you’ll need to have a melody and chords created for your lyric because music industry professionals don’t read lyrics, they listen to demos. Most demo services will write music for a fee under a “work for hire” agreement that lets you keep all rights.

Note that you can’t sell a song outright for cash to anyone, anywhere, that’s not legal due to laws passed years ago. Songwriters were being taken advantage of many years ago by song publishers who would pay starving songwriters a few dollars for a song then make millions, so Congress intervened. The cash flow comes from mechanical and airplay royalties. If you self-publish you’ll get cash from downloads, sales of your CDs, and other sources listed above.

These days you can assign your publishing rights but you can’t sell the entire copyright or your songwriting share of the rights.

That covers the basics of How To Sell Your Christian Songs. Whether you use the royalties and cash proceeds to support yourself, fuel your ministry or donate it to a good cause is something you need to consider and pray about.

Source by Bill E Watson

How Has Technology Changed Art?

We all are witnessing the changes being made in the art these days. Technology has the power to change anything. It is changing the traditional art into digital art.

Amazing digital art has taken place of traditional art. Digital art is exploring itself in many different ways that one can imagine. Different software is developed to increase the presence of digital art.

Photoshop Artists are one of the most common digital artists who give an amazing look to a picture with the help of imaging software and different applications.

These applications are developed with the help of technology. Anyone can be a digital artist having knowledge and proficiency in Photoshop.

Difference between traditional artists and digital artists is that traditional artists use paint and cement for their art and digital artists use imaging software and applications in their art. Some of the applications have the power to create 3D art work.

Technology has taken art into a new level of creativity. Let us talk about how technology has changed traditional art into digital art. We know that internet is ruling the world with its power. So, artists decided to present their art online with the help of internet. This is possible with use of technology.

You must have seen art galleries and attended painting exhibitions in your life. These doesn’t work well these days so artists find a way where they can get more attention and more praise for their work. Most of the artistic stuff is now seen online and is circulated to the art lovers.

There are some places where exhibitions are held and we do respect them. But presenting paintings, sculptures and art work online is in trend. Some of the artists are also showing their art on the basis of card swipe panel or coins.

How this work – when you enter coins or swipe card in the panel, the panel shows you some of the art work for a few minutes and then gets closed and if you want to see it again or explore more, further you need to swipe your card or add coins into it. This is how artists are using technology.

How digital artists are using technology for their art work

Digital artists already in touch with technology are aware of the systems that are in trend and use them to create their art work and sell them online.

Some of the professional digital artists are earning a lot of bucks by selling their art work. They can also design the ones that you want and are also ready to make any modifications you need.

They use different software to explore their skills and made it more impressive. They are using technologies that offer new ways to express their art work in a realistic way for much more time.

They are using different types of media and mix them to provide a more creative art work. Their 3D art work looks as real as it is present live in front of you.

Technology not only brings changes in education, medical field, industry and business but also brings a huge change in the art work and the artists as well.

Technology opens different paths for the artists to enter into for a good earning. They made their profession more powerful along with their art work.

In our busy lives we hardly get time to meet each other and our loved ones. How can it be possible to see exhibitions and galleries? So technology has brought this change in the art workers to show their skills and talent to people from anywhere in the world.

Technology is getting advanced and making more useful for the common man as well as artists. Technology has provided us with several things that we should be thankful. One of them is digital art work.

Source by Unni Ajayan

The Basic Parts of a Sheet Music Stand

Music stands come in several varieties and styles, and can be made from many different materials. But with few exceptions, they all share the same basic parts. From lower to upper these consist of the “base”, the “shaft”, and the “tray”.

The Base

The base of a sheet music stand will most often have three legs and be of either a tri-pod or standard, fixed-base design. A tri-pod base attaches the tops of the legs to the shaft part way up from the floor, with three bottom contact points on the ground. These types of legs are almost always foldable or collapsible. Virtually all folding and portable sheet music stands are designed this way. A stand with a standard base will also often have three contact points on the ground, but the other end of the legs will usually be steel-welded to the bottom of the shaft. This will give the stand more stability, but will sacrifice the ability of the stand to easily fold down into a smaller space for more convenient carrying. Most stands found in schools are of this type.

The Shaft

The middle part of the music stand, which connects the base with the tray, is the shaft. If the stand is height- adjustable, then most likely the shaft will have two tubes, one inside the other. These tubes will telescope and then lock at the desired height. If a stand has a standard base, then it is highly likely that the shaft will be of a “one piece” design. That is, the outer tube will be a single piece and will not collapse to any shorter than the minimum playing height. If a stand has a tri-pod base, then it may have a one, two, or three-piece shaft (or more). Multiple-piece shafts will either telescope down to a very small size for ease of transport, or the pieces will separate and thus take up much less room side by side. Naturally, the single piece shaft is considered the strongest, however, folding and portable music stand shafts have become much stronger in the last few years.

The Tray

The part of a sheet music stand which actually holds the music is commonly called the tray or the “desk”. The tray consists mainly of two parts. The vertical backing is called the “bookplate”, and is usually either a single, solid piece, or is constructed from several interconnecting bars that have spaces between them (as with folding stands). The horizontal support (which keeps the sheet music from falling to the floor) is called the “shelf” or the “lip”. The average depth of a shelf is about two inches, but this can vary depending on the intended use of the stand. If a musician intends to read music from books, for example, then a stand with a deeper shelf would be needed. The shelf usually comes as either a single, attached piece, or is in two parts which fold together at the middle. The entire tray (bookplate plus shelf) may or may not be adjustable for tilt angle, and varies in size and strength.

Sheet Music Stand Differences

These are the basic parts of the vast majority of music stands you will encounter. Most of the exceptions will be in favor of artistic design and come from stands that are very beautiful, but sometimes not easily portable. Some examples include music stands with solid (legless) bases, duel-shafted stands, and jazz or “big band” style cardboard stands. And given that there are a myriad of sheet music stand designs, having a grasp of the basic workings of one of the most important pieces of equipment a musician will use is helpful for two reasons. Growing your general musical knowledge is always important; and becoming familiar with these specific terms will make you better able to compare different stands for your own musical needs.

Source by William S Woodruff

What’s the Best Way to Make Money at the Dog Track?

Success at the dog track is measured by how much money you make. It’s as simple as that. If you walk out with less money than you walked in with, you have a problem. If you walk out with more money than you walked in with, on a regular basis, you’re a winner. Of course, we all have our losing days, but you need more winning days than losing ones.

So, what’s the best way to make sure that your bankroll grows rather than shrinks? While there are a lot of different ways to handicap greyhounds, I think that there’s only one way for most people to get to where they can make money at the track almost every time they go. You do it by starting small and building up to making bigger bets.

Your instinct might be to make big, complicated bets – wheeling and keying dogs in trifectas and superfectas. Unless you have very deep pockets, phenomenal luck and fantastic handicapping skills, you’ll lose your shirt. Instead, here’s the best way to win money and keep more of it at the dog track.

Start with win bets. Find the best dog in a race and bet it to win. Use a good handicapping system and don’t bet too many bets on a program. Betting every race is the quickest way I know to empty your pockets and get discouraged. However, DO handicap every race. Play the ones you’re surest of and just watch the rest and see if your pick wins.

No one can pick a winner in every race, I don’t care how good they are at picking dogs. On a program with 10 races, the average beginner should bet no more than 3-4 dogs. Do that until you’re hitting enough so that you’re ahead on almost every program. It’s very important to keep good, written records of your picks. No changing your mind after the race because you would have picked a dog. Be honest with yourself and keep track of your wins.

When you get to where you’re picking enough winners to make a profit on them on a regular basis, increase the amount of your win bets. That’s all there is to making a consistent profit at the track. Once you’ve mastered this, you can go on to quinielas, trifectas and even superfectas. But until you develop your handicapping skills, stick with small win bets on a few races. It’s very hard to do, but worth it in the long run.

Source by Eb Netr

How to Start an Independent Record Label and Get Artists to Sign With Your Label

There are a number of record companies out there today and each one operates differently. Some record labels are huge companies that have hundreds of acts to promote. These are the labels that carry the most popular, commercially viable rock bands and singers. They can offer artists huge sums of money to sign with them and they’ve got the experience and to promote them heavily. Their business model has dominated the music recording industry for years, but that’s been steadily changing.

Rock artists and bands have found a way to get around all that waiting for the record label by self-publishing their own music. The good news for bands is that it’s getting easier and easier to do this. The down-side is that it’s not cheap and it’s not easy. It’s a serious business venture that can either make or break a person financially. Still, if the risks are well-calculated, the marketing is done right and the music is good, there’s a huge chance of success.

Starting out with a small budget? It’s ok, it really isn’t necessary to have a gigantic bankroll to get started. With only a few hundred dollars, more than one small record label has sprung into existence. Investors can also be convinced to contribute funds to a new record label start-up. In order to get them to invest though, expect to produce a sound business plan and good future revenue projections.

Most small record labels start out life as a way to promote and sell a single act. The label focuses all of its attentions on that artist or bands albums and songs. This narrow-minded approach works well for new labels, giving them time to learn the ropes before expanding. Over time, the record label has the potential to expand and grow, taking on new talent to promote.

There are several things that need to be done before a record label can begin producing work. This is the time for planning out the record labels future. Every business benefits from a well-rounded business plan and a record label is no different. It’s important to write everything down and work out all the details of how the label will be run. Setting realistic goals and accurately projecting revenue and expenses not only directs the company towards it’s goals, but it also helps lure in future investors.

A lawyer or reputable source should be consulted to create contracts and other legal documents. Whether these are documents the company will use or those that need to be signed, have someone look them over that has experience. These things are nearly impossible for laymen to read and understand so leave it to a professional and you’ll be less likely to have problems.

After the business plan has been developed, one of the first things would be to choose a name and maybe even a logo for the record label. It’s best to choose a unique, short, snappy name. Consider choosing one that suits the genre of music that will be promoted. It’s of the utmost importance that any name be thoroughly researched. If the name is already being used, it’s time to come up with something new. Infringing on someone else’s copyrighted or trademarked name is a bad first move that could cost a bundle.

A unique record label logo or company image can make all the difference. Images speak to people and the record label logo should reflect what the label stands for. Over time, as the record label grows and becomes more public, this logo will become more and more recognizable. Consider how famous the ‘Sun’ records label has become over the years. It’s all a matter of making an impression on the public.

In order to set up a bank account for a record label, it’s necessary to have legal proof the business exists. The quickest way to do this is to file what’s called a DBA, or Doing Business As form. These forms are super short and are available at the courthouse. It’s as easy as filling out a form, signing it and handing it to a clerk for filing. The DBA form usually suffices as identification for the business and a bank account can be created for the business. Having a business checking account will make paying musicians and vendors much easier. Another benefit is that it’ll appear more professional from the start.

Once the record label is set up and the financial stuff has been taken care of there’s nothing else to do but get down to business. A record labels main function is to promote artists and their music. A small record label has the potential to pick up untold numbers of talented acts, just like the big players do. Unlike the large companies, they don’t have millions of dollars to throw …