10 Fast Facts About Watercolour Paint

1. It is made from pigments that are ground together and held together with a gum binder that’s water-soluble, of course. The pigments used in watercolour paint can be either natural or synthetic.

2. It dries a lot lighter than when it is applied. In other words, the colour you apply to the canvas won’t be the same colour you’ll get once the paint has dried out. The final, dried colour is about two times lighter than the original colour applied to the canvas.

3. It is very safe and practically non-toxic. However, you should still avoid getting it on your hands, just to be on the safe side.

4. It has been used for many millennia – cave paintings done in paleolithic Europe were done in watercolour. It gained a surge of popularity during the Renaissance when it became appreciated is a proper art medium.

5. It can be transparent or opaque. Transparent watercolours let the light into the canvas and reflect it back, creating a sort of glowing effect. Opaque watercolours, on the other hand, don’t let the light in as much and instead make it bounce off the pigment, which creates a sort of dull and weathered effect.

6. It comes in tubes or pans. With tubes, you just squirt the paint out and go from there. Pans are basically square blocks of paint put together in a plastic or metal box. Generally speaking, tube paints are much easier to mix; they’re also cheaper and are better for creating large washes. Most artists prefer to use tube paints.

7. Fugitive watercolours fade very quickly. Most of the watercolour paints available now are non-fugitive, meaning the colour won’t fade as quickly and will therefore last a lot longer.

8. The same colour by different manufacturers may not look the same. If you want to use a particular colour, make sure to buy your paints from a single manufacturer so you get a consistent colour.

9. As it is water-based, watercolour paint can be quite unpredictable. When painting with watercolours, you have to learn how to control the paint. Of course, you could let the paint do its own thing and incorporate this into your painting.

10. Staining refers to how easy it is to remove watercolour paint from a support once it’s been applied or has completely dried. A staining paint is one that’s hard to remove, while a less-staining paint ca easily be wetted and lifted. The make of paint and the make of the support can both affect a paint’s staining.

Source by Joanne Perkins

Mind Over Matter – What is the Subconscious Mind and What Has it Got to Do With Hypnosis?

Mind over Matter. What does this actually mean? All that weird talk about the subconscious mind and getting people to act like chickens on stage sounds a little bit bizarre doesn’t it? At the very least fascinating anyway. Until you understand how the subconscious mind actually works. It could be compared to an iceberg with 9/10th’s underwater, and 1/10th floating above. The conscious mind is the part above the water and the subconscious mind is the vast ocean of “stuff” hiding below. It contains everything we have ever done, thought, said, imagined, learned, forgotten, felt, in fact everything is in there. It also governs our automatic functions like breathing, digestion, blood pressure and all other bodily functions that we do without conscious effort or thought. Unlike our conscious mind, however, it cannot reason, it has no sense of humour, no rational thought process, and lives every moment as though it is the present moment. When you realise this you begin to understand why things like phobias arise, or other negative behaviours.

For example in a phobia or fear, e.g. spiders, the person originally had a frightening or disturbing experience when a large spider crawled up their leg and made them jump! The way the subconscious mind responds is such that it thinks all spiders from now on are threatening, even though rationally they cannot harm us, and it will respond the same way as the original terrifying incident. It thinks it is actually trying to protect us by telling us to react the same way every time.

This is when hypnosis can help. A state of hypnosis is defined as “relaxation with heightened awareness” and means that although we are very relaxed, our senses are actually sharper and we can remember or realise things that we could not recall in a normal state of awareness. We therefore become open to suggestion and the therapist is able to substitute positive suggestions to replace the “old” negative beliefs. Remember the subconscious always acts in the present tense, so once a new suggestion has been accepted, it becomes active immediately and overrides the previous irrational thought. A number of sessions may be required depending on the severity or longevity of the issue or problem, but almost anything can be tackled using hypnosis, from emotional issues to physical issues, to sports performance, to past life regression – the list is endless!

Source by Karen Rains

Making Money Through Online After Effects Template Sales

Creating After Effects and other motion graphic templates is a hobby for many people. Crafting realistic sequences for films, television, presentations and other visual mediums is an art that they might casually enjoy without pay. Not all generated motion graphics sequences are made for a particular project, and some of them never get the chance to be viewed publicly; let alone net the creators a profit. A lot of graphic artists are taking their craft online and distributing home-made After Effects templates to others who are looking for additions to their to-be-broadcast works. Not only do these motion graphic template sites let artists have their work viewed, it allows them to earn money doing what they love to do.

A motion graphics template site will require you to register a membership before you can start selling your designs. Once you have registered as a contributor, setting up a profile and learning the process of uploading your work should be no trouble at all. It doesn’t take a lot to get your portfolio online for potential buyers to look through.

One of the great things about designing and selling customisable After Effects templates online is that you aren’t limited to one sale per work. Studios and project teams will be able to purchase multiple uses of your design, meaning you can receive several payments for one template. If you allow it, buyers can also choose to purchase the exclusive rights to your After Effects template for a much higher price.

Online template distributors are well versed in the legalities of copyright and infringement; most will have resources for you to read over before you start making sales so you are well-informed when it comes to ownership of your designs. It is important to familiarise yourself with copyright laws to avoid ending up in sticky ownership conflicts with buyers.

Payments are usually made by your chosen distributor through online systems like PayPal so to be easily accessible to designers internationally. Expect a fifty-fifty commission split with the site on each sale.

Earning through After Effects design is a great way to make money through creative design. A lot of sites will also offer a referral incentive program that anybody can take advantage of through recommendations to potential buyers.

If you have the talent and design skills but aren’t employed as a graphics designer, earning online is a great way to hone your craft, get your start in template design and see a return on your hard work.

Source by Janine Macdonald

OLTP vs DSS systems

Information systems are classified into two major categories, according to international developments: A. On-line transactional processing systems (also called operational systems)

B. Decision support systems (DSS)

Α. On-line transactional processing systems OLTPs are systems which serve transactions with suppliers, partners and customers, as well as internal business transactions. They support operations throughout the value chain of the Organization:

  • Supply Chain Management (SCM)
  • Production support (e.g. MRP, Advanced Planning & Scheduling)
  • Customer interface management (e.g. sales, order management and billing) (CRM)
  • Finance and Accounting (ERP)
  • Sales force automation
  • Web channel operations (eCRM)
  • Internal workflow support systems

Β. Decision support systems DSS provide management at all levels of the Organisation, with information which supports understanding of the current Business position and taking informed decisions (fact based management). OLTP vs DSS systems Even though OLTP (on-line transactional processing) and DSS (decision support systems) functionalities may overlap (e.g. an OLTP system may provide some operational reporting functionality used for decision support), it is clear that the purpose of the 2 categories differs, given that they serve different functions and different User groups in the Business. Therefore the development philosophy of the two categories differs radically. Specifically, differences are identified on the following criteria (1 for OLTP, 2 for DSS): System functional requirements:

  1. Clearly specified given that the system serves specific functional needs – the predetermined transactions
  2. the determination of a complete requirement set is a challenge, given that there are dynamically changing informational requirements.

Capture of current and historical information:

  1. Current state information is captured (some historical data may exist only to serve potential future transactions)
  2. Recent and historical information is captured (current may not be captured, given that data from the OLTP are retrieved at regular intervals)

Data models used:

  1. Complex, focused on business entities (in terms of relational databases it is called normalized data structure (e.g. 3NF))
  2. Different approaches exist. The simplified denormalised dimensional structure gains momentum, since it allows easier understanding by business users and optimized execution of complex queries.

Information level of detail:

  1. Detailed data per transaction are kept
  2. Detailed data are kept in a different structure and are enriched by ‘dimensional’ information which allows analytical processing. Moreover, aggregated data like KPIs (key performance indicators), are calculated and stored in persistent storage.

Volume of data:

  1. The volume of data is relevant to the size of the Business and the penetration of IT in it.
  2. The data volume handled by a DSS, is multiple of that of the OLTP systems on which it is based, given that it maintains multiple historical snapshots

Copyright 2006 – Kostis Panayotakis

Source by Kostis Panayotakis

Antiques, Collectibles, & Memorabilia – Do You Know the Difference?

The world of antiques can be confusing. What’s the difference between an antique and collectible? Aren’t collectibles and memorabilia really the same thing? In this month’s column, I’ll de-mystify these terms, so that you’ll be appropriately armed for your next antique adventure.


Basically, an antique is something old that has value because of aesthetic or historical reasons. Generally, if a piece is over 100 years old, it is considered an antique. Although, I do know that some people use the 50-year mark for Canadian pieces; the rationale being that Canada is a young country relative to places such as Europe and Asia. However, I’m old fashioned and apply the 100-year definition to Canadian pieces.


A collectible is something that is less than 100 years old that has value because of aesthetic or historical reasons. This term fills the gap for valuables that aren’t quite old enough to be an antique.

One category of collectible is items with intrinsic artistic merit. A stunning Art Deco table fits into this category. It was beautiful when it was made in the 1930s, is beautiful today and will still be beautiful when it hits the 100-year old mark.

A second category is mass-produced collectibles. Beanie Babies, trading cards and Hummel figurines fit into this category. They don’t necessarily have a lot of artistic merit. But manufacturers have created desirability by producing limited editions.

Another category is items associated with particular people. For example, anything worn by the Beatles or Elvis Presley is collectible.


There is a difference between collectibles and memorabilia. Collectibles are things that are ornamental. They never served an utilitarian purpose. A piece of memorabilia served a particular purpose. Movie posters, sports programs, cameras, television sets and musical instruments are all examples of items that fall into this category. Movie posters were used to sell movies. Sports programs were used to communicate information. And, cameras, television sets and musical instruments all serve a function.

Source by Martin Swinton

The Manly Handbook

After a dozen or so readings, I still get a laugh out of this handy reference to manhood. I lost my first copy to one of my drinking buddies, so it was in good hands (or so I thought). My second copy has been closely guarded for several years in case I have to review manly conduct…like sleeping rigidly flat on my back, with one eye opened or face down in a drunken sprawl, hang gliding in enemy territory or white water canoeing and being attacked by depraved hillbillies.

The manly handbook will re-teach you everything that you need to know about dining (anything fried or with additives), grooming (your own sweat is deodorant), dating (any chick at the juke box is making a pass at you), philosophy (“a man’s gotta do, what a man’s gotta do,” “What’s it to you?”), your best friend (your car), respecting your mom (let her cook you a meal), history (Ghengis Khan’s life, the Alamo) and entertainment (eg. Mickey Spillane novels).

If you have had it with feminist attitudes, commie propaganda, metrosexuals and Richard Simmons, well, then partner, you need to grab yourself a copy of The Manly Handbook. I mean drop that quiche, bean sprouts and daytime television, like now, soldier. Any meal not spent eating red meat with red dye, pork rinds and scrambled eggs is just plain weak. Any time not spent on your car, bending elbows at the bar or watching a Sam Peckinpah movie is a man’s life wasted. So, catch up on the good stuff and read this book.

Source by Doug Setter

Basic Palmistry Part II

Palmistry, also known as Chiromancy, is the art of telling a person’s fortune by looking at the lines and bumps on a person’s hand. However, since the 1920s, the art of Chiromancy has come a long way. Chirognomy is a related science in which hand shape; finger shape, fingers, nails and the texture and consistency of the flesh are examined in order to get a glimpse into the inner workings of the personality. Dermatoglyphics is the study of ridge patterns and formations found on the fingertips and palm itself to detect and diagnose inherited diseases. However here we are dealing with what I would call the “Romany Reader Basics” of the Art.

In an earlier New Age Notebook called Basic Palmistry I identified the major lines and mounts of the human hand. In this article we are going to examine other kinds of markings and characteristics that are common indicators of personality, temperament and fate.

Bubbles and Loops – Bubbles and loops that occur on life lines, heart lines and fate lines indicate significant episodes in your life or a life that is broken by many odd experiences. Strong clean lines without bubbles are always preferable if you are looking for a serene and quiet life.

Broken Lines – These usually indicate that a life will be disrupted in an upsetting manner. A broken lifeline can mean an early or tragic life. A break in the head line can mean a period of insanity or mental illness.

Crosses and cross-hatching: These marks on any mound or area of the hand often represent stressful influences, events or people. Usually the influence is a significant or important relationship. The deeper the line the more traumatic or life-defining the experience is said to be. The nature of the event is determined on which mound you find the cross or cross-hatching.

For instance, if you have a lot of cross-hatching on your Mound of Lower Mars you may encounter a lot of war or violence in your life. Crosses and cross-hatching on your Mound of Apollo can indicate troubles with career, confidence and success. On the outer edge of the hand, just below the little finger and the Mound of Mercury such marks are said to indicate how many children are in your future. If horizontal lines or cross-hatching occurs on your thumbs or fingertips it is a sure sign that you are under too much stress.

Attachment lines: These are lines that occur above the heart line and wrap from the side of the hand and extend out beneath the little finger. This is supposed to indicate the number of significant relationships or attachments you will have in your life.

Healer Stigmata: a long horizontal line that is crossed by three shorter lines indicates this. It is a symbol of natural healing abilities and usually occurs on the mound of Mercury just below the little finger.

Squares: If you find a square on your hand it means that you are a teacher or natural born leader and meant to enlighten others. The area of interest where you will excel is indicated where it is placed on a mound. For instance, a square that is found on the mound of Mercury indicates a career in teaching or education. A square found on the Mound of Venus below the thumb can indicate a nurse, doctor or healer.

Feathery light lines: These can be found all over the hand and are usually an indication of failing health. If the lines travel up from the wrist to the little finger it can indicate a chronic disease or disability.

X’s: X’s found anywhere in the palm usually indicate travel. If it is found on either of the Mounds of Upper or Lower Mars or on the plain of Mars it means traveling as a result of war or a military career. An X on the mound of Venus (below the thumb) means relocating for love and on the mound of Jupiter an X can mean relocating for reasons to do with career advancement.

Triangles: Triangles anywhere on the palm indicate a decent upbringing and emotional or intellectual strength. This once again depends which mound the triangle is found on. For example: a triangle found on the Mound of Venus indicates emotional strength and understanding when it comes to love. A triangle found on the mound of Saturn beneath the third finger indicates incredible physical and emotional endurance during times of trouble.

The Ring of Solomon: This is a line that circles the base of the Jupiter finger (index finger) and is found in the hands of those who are said to be psychic. It is also believed to represent royal blood or ancestry.

Stars: A star-shaped hatching of lines can mean that you will enjoy especially good fortune …

Easy Piano Lessons – How to Play the Song Lightly Row on the Piano

Lightly Row is a popular song which uses a range of only 5 notes. This makes it very easy to play on the piano because you can play it easily in one hand.

Here are the lyrics for the song:

Light-ly row, light-ly row,

O’er the glas-sy waves we go!

Smooth-ly glide, smooth-ly glide,

On the sil-ent tide.

Let the winds and wa-ters be

Ming-led with our me-lo-dy.

Sing and float, sing and float

In our lit-tle boat!

Hyphens are used to separate words with 2 or more syllables. This makes it easier to match the lyrics with the tune.

This song can be played in either the right or the left hand only. The range of notes is between Middle C and the G above. Try this piece first in the right hand. Then play it 8 notes (one octave) lower in the left hand. If you feel brave, play both hands together one octave apart. This is called playing in unison.

Here are the notes of Lightly Row:

G E E, F D D,

C D E F G G G,

G E E, F D D,

C E G G E.


E E E E E F G.

G E E, F D D

C E G G E.

There are 8 lines in the song. Which lines are identical? Notice in the first line that the the first 3 notes are G E E. This pattern then repeats one note lower. You then play F D D. This is called a falling pattern. It is a very helpful way of learning and remembering piano music.

Source by Andrea Monk

Mixed Media Painting Tips

I have been painting, as a hobby and commercially, for approximately 10 years now. I first started with acrylics but have more recently dabbled in watercolors. I have always loved texture in my art work but could never afford to buy oil paints. I consider myself quite a resourceful person and this has led me to think out of the box. I will hopefully enlighten you as to some of my more creative ideas which you may want to incorporate into your own pieces.

Before I start I apply Gesso primer to my canvases. This assists with ensuring any medium added to the canvas adheres well.

Tip One

I have found a product called “Decorator’s Caulk” which works as a great way of adding texture to your canvas. I buy trade tubes which can be fitted to a “Sealant Gun” and this is the tool I use to apply the caulk to the canvas. From there you have to let your imagination take over. I use a large pallet knife as well as various other tools to manipulate the caulk across the canvas.

The caulk can be found in all trade shops and is not a specific art product. It is normally used to fill gaps and cracks in walls. It can take up to one one hour to dry but this will depend on how thickly you applied it to the canvas. I just touch it lightly and you can tell when it has hardened. You are then ready to paint over it. You will find acrylic paint sticks to it with no fuss. The result is awesome and you have the perceived texture of an oil painting but at very little cost.

Tip Two

Crepe paper is a cheap and interesting way to add texture. I usually make a solution of PVA glue with some water to assist with sticking the paper to the canvas. Again your own imagination has to come to play here and depending on the look you want as to how layered and textured you want your piece to be.

Tip Three

Plaster of paris infused crepe bandages. These are a tad messy to work with but the results can look fantastic. I find that rather than trying to achieve a perfectly smooth finish it can look great if you leave it rough and if not all of the bandage is covered with the plaster of paris it adds a mottled porous look which is spectacularly organic in its texture.

Tip Four

Rope of all size and thickness can add a really great three dimensional quality to your piece. I use decorator’s caulk to stick it to the canvas as not only does this act as a great adhesive you can also paint over it quite easily.

Tip Five

Cutting into the canvas. I know this sounds like a cardinal sin but the results can be quite spectacular. I have created many industrial looking pieces by combining rope, netting, plaster of paris and by cutting into the canvas and bending it back upon itself you can achieve a very raw look.

These are just a few ideas which will hopefully fire up your imagination and assist you with trying out different materials. I am sure your artwork will take on a whole new look and feel with the added bonus of very little cost.

Source by Carol Ann Hannah

Become a Monster Energy Girl and Make Money Promoting a Fun Lifestyle

Monster Energy Drink Girls are sexy, spunky and adrenaline rush junkies that make over $25 per hour to promote the lifestyle of Monster Energy Drink. Beverage Suppliers are responsible for marketing the lifestyle of their brand. The lifestyle of an energy drink is exciting, adrenaline pumping and fun. These companies are looking for attractive girls that can deliver the exciting lifestyle message of the brands. The Power and Confidence that a Beverage Promotional model feels as she is entertaining consumers is intoxicating.

These girls are able to escape reality and enjoy themselves on the weekend at special events while hundreds of people are lined up to take photos with them. Have you ever seen a Monster Energy Girl at a Car show or MotoCross Event? They are having the time of their lives interacting with interesting people.

Becoming a Monster Energy Drink Girl or any other type of beverage promotional models is attainable for any girl that loves to entertain people and is over the age of 18. Girls that have charisma and love to be the center of attention are highly sought after by major beverage companies.

4 Ways to Become a Monster Energy Drink Girl

1. You can actually apply on their corporate website but they are in the business of making and marketing their beverage. The girls they hire are actually girls that they use on their site and for certain special events.

2. You can apply to certain marketing agencies that are in your area that do monster or any other beverage promotions.

3. Do a search on Google for event staffing companies that are in your area or are national event marketing agencies that handle beverage promotions.

4. Get in contact with your local Coke Distributor as they are the national distributor for Monster Energy Drink and ask them who they use to do their monster promotions.

If you are sexy, attractive, confident and able to entertain consumers, then you are the type of girl that should make money doing beverage promotions.

Source by Paul Boss Gage

Intellectual Property Issues Within the Supply Chain

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are of the utmost importance in today’s capital markets. Not only do they provide protection for innovations which have been developed, but they now offer revenue generating opportunities for proactive companies looking to license or sell their products into new markets.

Unfortunately, there is an oft overlooked aspect of IPR. This is the impact to a company’s supply chain. Specifically what happens if a third party hits you with an infringement claim for technology which is in a vendor supplied component? Or what happens if a vendor goes out of business or decides to get out of a line of business which manufactures a key part for your product? Will your business be hamstrung by someone else’s decision?

Let’s examine how to mitigate the risks associated with those scenarios so that you can keep selling your products.

Build to Spec vs. Build to Print

First some definitions which you should already be aware of, but are worth refreshing. “Build to spec” is when a company literally instructs a vendor to build something that is a certain size and has specific operational parameters. The degree to which the component is specified may vary, but ultimately the vendor is free to use their own design expertise and manufacturing know-how to produce the parts they will supply to you. The benefit is that the vendor retains the responsibility and liability for design and part quality, which may reduce your overhead since you do not need to maintain in-house expertise in an area of subject matter that is not a core competency for your company. The definitive drawback is that the vendor owns the IPR on that part, which may be a key component to your product. More on the impact of this later.

“Build to print” is when a company not only specifies the functional requirements of the part, but they produce assembly drawings, work instructions and call out specific manufacturing practices to be used in producing the parts. This method requires more work and development cost on the part of the company, but the advantage lies in maintaining control of the IPR and having the ability to select any appropriate vendor to produce parts for you. This approach is more costly since you would likely be responsible for design and quality liability issues. Nevertheless, if you possess the subject matter expertise it is always better from the perspective of IPR to design “in-house.” This approach also makes subsequent vertical integration of your business easier.

Clearance Search / Non-Infringement Assessment

When introducing a new product, a patent clearance search is an essential part of business risk mitigation. A clear path to non-infringement of existing patents and applications provides confidence to launch your new ideas.

While most companies work with their legal counsel to ensure their own intellectual property position is secured and they have freedom to operate, most neglect to consider the risk mitigation needs within their vendor base.

All companies need to work with their vendors to ensure a clear path to non-infringement exists. If not, the company may be subject to a claim of direct or contributory infringement resulting from an issue with a vendor supplied component.

These claims can damage the company’s brand and reputation and could even lead to monetary damages to the third party, even though the infringement was on the part of the vendor.

There is a way to mitigate this risk, but there is more than just simply requesting indemnification. Protocols such as a patent clearance search and non-infringement analysis by your vendors should be mandated as part of the qualification process.

Be wary of someone who tells you they’ve looked into third party IPR and it “doesn’t matter” or “won’t be a problem” without sufficient supporting material.

Indemnification Clauses in Supply Agreements

Beyond mandating that a patent clearance search be completed for vendor supplied parts, as the buyer/licensee, you should require explicit language in the supply agreement(s) to cover indemnification from third-party infringement lawsuits.

“The use of [product] by [the buyer/licensee] shall not infringe or otherwise violate the industrial or intellectual property rights of any third party of which [the seller/licensor] has knowledge. If any third party shall assert that [the buyer’s/licensee’s] practice of the Licensed Rights under [the Supply Agreement], whether resultant from explicit knowledge [the buyer/licensee] had or should have had through reasonable due diligence, shall constitute an infringement or misappropriation of that party’s industrial or intellectual property rights, [the seller/licensor] shall in accordance with this Article defend, indemnify and hold [the buyer/licensee] harmless against any and all such claims.”

A request for the licensor to carry insurance in regards to this matter may also be inserted into the supply agreement depending on how much negotiating leverage the buyer maintains. Additionally, most supply agreements provide a use license to …

Marketing by Influences of Consumer's Desires About Products and Services

Marketing definitely influences consumer's desires about products and services. Marketing agencies "target" specific demographic groups to influence them to purchase products that are in fashion, in hot demand or the latest infomercial craze. For example, children and young adults are targeted by marketing agencies to develop new desires for video games, iPod's, Elmo's, and Nerf Guns. None of these items falls under the preexisting need criteria. Adults are targeted to buy big ticket items like fancy cars, vacations and the best label top designer clothes to wear that fits nicely on their slim bodies shaped through the newest diet pill.

Even better, agencies advertise cosmetic surgery to tell people they can look like their favorite Hollywood star. These are all examples of developing dew desires. In fact, even when marketing agencies do respond to pre-existing needs, such as food and clothing, the marketer's job is to convince the consumer to purchase the best. Assuming that travel is a requirement, marketing agencies spend a lot of money convincing consumers that they need a Porsche for their basic travel needs when a Ford Focus will get them to the same location.

Marketers create innovative ways to advertise cell phones by linking specific phones with popular entertainers or sports stars. The implication is that, if you use this cell phone you will be as "cool" as the entertainer. This has no relationship to whether a cell phone is a basic need.

Marketing does have a role in addressing real needs and making sure consumers are aware of their options to buy something basic or extravagant. However, in today's world, my impression is that the vast majority of marketing techniques are heavily weighed towards creating new desires as opposed to addressing basic needs.

Source by Nathan E Peterson

Do’s and Don’ts of Painting a Wooden Playhouse Like an Expert

What better way is there to make an immediate change to your child’s wooden playhouse than with a new paint job? When you are ready to paint your kids playhouse and you want to keep it looking exceptional for years to come, there are several things that you definitely need to do and other things you want to avoid.

The following is a list of Do’s and Don’ts on how to expertly paint your wooden playhouse so it will last for years into the future:

  1. Do prepare ahead of time your playhouse for painting. Prepare your playhouse by gently scraping any loose, dried or flaking old paint using a putty knife or sander while being careful not to damage the wood underneath.
  2. Do seal any cracks around windows or doors. If there are cracks where two wooden surfaces join together use caulk to seal the cracks. This will keep the moisture outside of the playhouse.
  3. Do use a high quality primer to paint all of the wooden playhouse surfaces. Using a primer helps to increase the adhesion of the paint to wooden surfaces as well as increasing the waterproof properties of the exposed wooden surfaces.
  4. Do use an exterior grade paint. Exterior grade paint is formulated to withstand the weathering that a wooden playhouse will experience in its lifetime. Interior grade paint will not stand up against rain and snow. If an interior grade paint is used on surfaces exposed to the outdoors, in a few months after painting the paint will begin to flake and come loose.
  5. Do paint over using the same type of paint used previously. If a water based paint (latex) was used last, then use a water paint this time to paint the playhouse. Use an oil-based paint to paint over a previously oil-based painted surface. If in doubt, use a water-based paint because it is easier to apply, fast-drying, helps prevent moisture problems, and the clean up is easier.
  6. Do paint from the top down. Start with the fascia board and gables first. Then move to painting the sides of the playhouse, followed by the windows and trim. The playhouse door is the last thing to be painted.
  7. Do plan your painting around the sun and weather. Try to work your painting around where the sun is not. In the morning, paint the west and south sides and in the afternoon, paint the east and north side in the afternoon.
  8. Don’t prime or paint over caulk that has not dried fully. Upon drying, the wet caulking will crack and peel along with the primer or paint that was just applied.
  9. Don’t paint over chipped or flaking old paint. Painting over dried or flaking paint with new paint will guarantee that the new paint will chip off faster in the near future.
  10. Don’t wait to paint new wood. New wood should be painted as soon as possible to prevent deterioration of the surface.

A good exterior painting job will extend the life of your wooden playhouse. With these tips, you will be ready to paint like a pro. Your kids will be extremely happy that their newly painted playhouse will last for many years into the future.

Source by Sharon Marsh

Disadvantages of Computers in the Classroom

To start the most significant fact that should be stated is that the computer is a tool, and as with any educational tool, from books to crayons, it can be used to enhance the curriculum and promote learning, but it can also be misused and abused. In this essay, I will discuss the disadvantages of having computers in the classrooms due to the misuse and the abuse of this tool.

I found it hard to find research that had been done on this topic because not only is the research on the effectiveness of computers in the classroom scarce but the research that is there is often done by software companies and therefore may be biased. (Emmans 2001). Even though there is no clear-cut answer to the question of a computer being a friend or foe in the classroom, having an unsolvable question of good or bad brings many issues to light.

For example, the fact that much of the software designed for children is appealing to them. If nothing else, it at least holds the children’s attention. Though this may seem like a positive characteristic, consider this, just because a television show holds your attention, does it necessarily educate you? The answer to this is simple, maybe some do, but certainly not all do, mostly they are just simply entertaining. This causes me to raise an eyebrow at some, not all, software. As a teacher, one must not use time-fillers, cause a child can watch television or play on a computer at home, but as a teacher, we must educate, and if there is no educational value in the software, what good is it for a teacher?

On the defense for teachers, another reason for computers being a shortcoming is that sometimes the software is not obvious that it is non-educational. This can be a common mistake of any educator, being fooled that a product could be educational when it is merely entertainment software dressed up in an educational costume aimed at these gullible teachers.

According to Cindy C. Emmans (2001), a professor of Educational Technology at Central Washington University, on software in the classroom…

” Often feedback is the key to learning, and computers are appealing because this feedback can be immediate, which is of course a very effective learning tool. Unfortunately, this feedback is not often as effective as it might be, perhaps because it is not easy to return to the original question to try again, or the student must begin at the beginning to review the original content rather then backing up a step or two. In some cases, the feedback for the wrong answers is more appealing than that for the right answer, causing students to try and get the wrong answer simply for the entertainment value”.

Gerald W. Bracey sums it up adequately in a journal article called Principal by basically saying that the bells and whistles are all there, but the education is not, because it was not produced by someone who understands how children learn. (1996, p.6).

More arguments in the research area continued in September of 2000, the Alliance for Childhood published a statement against the use of computers in schools. More than 85 experts in various fields including psychiatry, education, and philosophy signed the statement in which calls for a suspension on the promoting introduction of computers into the nation’s elementary schools until there is a more careful assessment of their effect (Hafner, 2000). Another influence in opposition to computers in classrooms is that of Jane Healy, an educational psychologist and the author of “Failure to Connect,” a book criticizing educational applications of computers. Thomas Crampton interviewed Mrs. Healy and she declared that computers “can hurt children’s personal skills, work habits concentration, motivation, (and) the development of social skills” (IHT, October 2000, p. 19).

Another reason that computers in the classroom would prove to be a disadvantage is the availability of computers in the classroom to each individual student. It is rare to find a school that, in each classroom, has a computer supplied for each student. This then brings up the problem of scheduling and rotating the students to the computers available. (Tiene 2001) This begins a whole new ball game in which you are now consuming a lot of time in which could be used for more productive measures rather then scheduling computer time for each student. If this is the case, and only a specific amount of students can be on the computer at one time, then you are dividing your classroom, and not integrating it, as it should be. This causes many difficulties in teaching a whole group instruction, which leads to problems in skill development, since the attention of some students is lacking. (Tiene 2001).

On the Colorado state education web site (2003), I …

The Origin, Characteristics and Uses of Roman Lettering

The Roman lettering style was developed from an old inscription found at the foot of a column built by Emperor Trojan in Rome in 113 B.C. A Frenchman called Nicholas Jenson first created the Roman lettering style in the fifteenth century precisely in 1470. It is also referred to as ‘Classical Roman lettering’ or ‘Quadrata’. The Roman alphabet took at least seven centuries to develop and did not contain the letters, J, U, and W.

Roman letters have ornamental or finishing strokes called serifs at both the top and bottom parts of the letters. These serifs give the vertical strokes of the letters stability and also make the letters graceful. The serif may be angular, thin, rounded or rectangular in their representations. This accounts for the varieties of serifs such as beaked serif, hairline serif, bracketed serif, sheared serif and slab serif.

There are other features that distinct this style of lettering from other forms of lettering. The letters have varying strokes of thick and thin. The vertical strokes are generally thick while the horizontal strokes are usually thin. Also, the letters have different proportions or sizes due to the transcending of thick and thin strokes. They are extremely beautiful and attractive because of the diversity in their stroke formation. Variety, which is a feature that breaks monotony or one format, is highly acclaimed with elegance by many people.

In addition, the letters stand erect or upright. This formal outlook of this lettering style makes it very appropriate to be used for official documents. This explains why mot documents for such purposes are usually restricted to be created in this lettering style.

Furthermore, the letters are carefully drawn or constructed. Due to the close attention paid to proportion and space, measuring devices are used by amateur designers who create these letters manually. Measuring tools on design software help in creating accurate representations of letters on personal computers.

This lettering is widely used for various purposes. It is used in writing the reading materials in books, newspapers, and magazines due to its excellent trait of readability. Also, they are used in designing packages for products and greeting cards for wishing people success in examinations, speedy recovery in ill health situations and many others. Again, they are used in writing the text on posters, banners, and other visual communication tools. Moreover, messages on citations are written in Roman lettering style. Names of participants in workshops, seminars, and other educational programmes are written in roman lettering styles on certificates.

It is one of the elegant lettering styles that ensure the designing of products in visual communication. Its rudiments must be carefully mastered and utilised by artists to achieve the maximum benefits.

Source by Dickson Adom

Solar Cell Phone Charger – Discover The Interesting Facts on Having One

Charger is basically the unit utilized to charge up your electronic appliances. Mobile phone can also be referred to as electronic device and if you need to start your cell phone, then you must need to charge it up for usage. There are several ways of charging your cell phone, you may plug it in your computer while you’re at your office during work, or place it in your dashboard even while you’re driving in your car.

No matter how anyone charges it, the following solar battery charger will probably be ready when you need in order to charge your phone, camera, MP3 player, and other gadgets. Charging some mobile phones for about 10 minutes allows you to call someone or about 3 minutes. Whenever you are out of your office or your home, you can make solar power through a sunny window.

Solar cell phone charger one of the hottest items of world’s only pocket-sized photovoltaic lighter which is also the lightest and most compact solar charger in the world. Only weighing about 9 ounces, this foldable charger fits mostly in any bags, be it from laptop bags or backpacks. Not to mention that it is powerful enough to charge any of your personal electronic gadgets or equipments.

Solar cell phone chargers have this advantage since they are connected to the solar cell panels; it provides a battery backup for storing solar power. A Turbo recharge facility that is available in such chargers makes certain that the phone is not impaired or overcharged unlike the conventional electrical solar battery chargers.

Solar cell phone chargers function by changing the sun’s energy into electricity can be used to charge your current cell phone. The solar cells on the mobile phone charger connect to an inside battery which will carry a full charged cell phone (sometimes it rather depends on the product you have).

Solar cell phone chargers have become more popular since a lot of people start seeing the value relying on renewable energy. Not only does it help you save a lot of money on your power bill, but it is also an excellent power back-up once you encounter power outage and you can still be able to use your cell phone or any electrical gadgets without worrying about the power loss.

Solar cell phone battery chargers are powered via direct sunlight; there is no need to use electrical energy. During an emergency, such as earthquake, blizzard, and hurricane are mostly the causes of power outage, leaving behind the residents not having ways to contact their family members, relatives or friends.

Powering even the smallest of appliance that has a clean energy source go a long way in cutting down your carbon presence. Using a solar power mobile phone charger is just one-step in this particular direction. This portable charger collects energy from the heat of the sun, or through an electrical socket which will then store that energy in an internal battery.

Solutions such as the solar battery chargers should be available for everyone as well as easy to buy, no matter where you are located. This is a very commendable strive.

Source by Sallie Obin

Marilyn Monroe Artwork by Andy Warhol

Andrew Warhola (known as Andy Warhol) painted a variety of paintings of the actress Marilyn Monroe after she committed suicide in 1962. Warhol made it his goal to mass-produce his art by using a method called silk screen. This method involves enlarging and transferring a photo on to silk. A variety of colors are printed on to a screen using a rubber squeegee.

For his paintings of Marilyn Monroe, Warhol used a photograph by Gene Korman from a public shot for the film, Niagara. Andy Warhol painted Marilyn Monroe's paintings with one green, blue, lemon yellow turquoise. Next he silk screened her face on top. In this way, he created different styles and depicted many different colors. In the paintings, she was either by herself, multiplied in a grid or doubled. After four months, Andy Warhol's paintings were complete. Andy Warhol issued a portfolio of his Marilyn Monroe paintings in 1967.

Andy Warhol interest in fame inspired him to make his Marilyn Monroe paintings. Warhol claimed Marilyn Monroe as a star. He was fascinated by her beauty and thought of her as a role model. In his art work, he portrayed Monroe as not only beautiful, but also dark and mysterious. Warhol invented the phrase, "fifteen minutes of fame" which means a celebrity such as Monroe catches the public's attention for a short lived period of time. Then, the media moves on to other celebrities who fascinate the world.

Andy Warhol graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology with a major in pictorial design. After graduating, he started his career as a commercial illustrator. After failed attempts at exhibiting his work in the 1960s, Warhol decided to incorporate pop culture into his works of art. Known as pop art, Warhol used every day objects as subjects for his paintings. He became famous as "Pope of Pop" for his paintings. In addition to Marilyn Monroe, Warhol painted other celebrations in "The Factory", Andy Warhol's studio in New York.

Those interested in Andy Warhol's artwork and paintings of Marilyn Monroe can view them at the Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Andy Warhol Museum is one of the largest museums featuring only one artist in the world. The museum features more than four thousand works of art by Warhol. His works of art include paintings, prints, drawings, photographs, films and videos. In addition to Warhol's artwork, visitors can find information on Andy Warhol's life.

Source by Mark Traston