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    They Who Paint in the Sun Should Not Be Painting!

    He who paints in the sun will not get the professional results they are expecting. Paint whether oil or latex, thinned out or not dries or cures from air temperature, slower in the shade and faster in the sun.

    The solvents or driers such as ASA (anti skinning agent), cobalt, naptha, mineral spirits, xylene, found in oil based paint evaporate at a much quicker rate when directly exposed to the sun. Whether spraying, brushing, or rolling paint sets up much like frying a egg in a pan when painting in direct sun light. This “setup time” will not allow the applicator to properly spread out or level the paint on the surface. The end result whether on wood, metal, or siding is going to be rough in appearance.

    Before painting the exterior of any structure the painter must scope out the direction of the sun and its relation to the structure at different times of the day. He or she must work away from the sun!

    This is most important when working on the roof painting, the sides of dormers, etc. The heat generated to roofing materials most notably shingles can reach temperatures well over 100 degrees.

    Painting in these extremes is self defeating in that the paint sets up too quickly to properly apply it. In turn making the outcome of the paint job look unprofessional.

    The painters tools react differently under different temperatures and don’t achieve the same results when painting in the hot sun. Brushes cake up, rollers dry out, and spray tips clog faster. The pot life of the paint curdles faster which is detrimental. To obtain the best results of exterior painting is to Paint in the Shade!

    Source by Dan Rowe

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    Drag Racing – The Perfect Launch

    Drag racing, a contest between two cars beginning from a complete stop over a distance of a 1/4 mile (1320 feet) depends heavily on first 60 feet of the race, or the launch. The technique used for launching varies greatly depending on the how the car is equipped. The type of transmission, which wheels are being driven, tires, power, suspension and track preparation all play key roles in how to go about getting the best launch possible from the car.

    Improvements on the time it takes for the car to travel the first 60 feet down the track have significant implications on the final ET (estimated time). As a general rule, improvements in the 60 foot time, are magnified by 2x on your final ET. For example, a Dodge Viper GTS that runs a 12.2 @ 120 MPH in the 1/4 mile with a 60 foot time of 2.0 can make significant improvements to it’s 1/4 mile times by obtaining a better launch. If the Dodge Viper GTS is able cut .2 (two tenths) of a second off it it’s 60 foot time, by covering the first 60 feet in 1.8 seconds, it’s final ET for the 1/4 mile would be around 11.8 @ 119 – 121MPH. More examples can be found by searching through the thousands of 60 foot records in the http://www.dragtimes.com drag racing database.

    The best possible launch is obtained by obtaining the optimal balance of applying the most amount of power to the ground with the least amount of wheel spin. If too much power is applied during the launch and the tires spin, the resulting 60 foot time will be poor. The same goes for not applying enough power, thereby causing the car’s engine to bog, and having the car limp off the line slowly.

    When launching a car with an automatic transmission, a technique called power braking is used. After properly staging the car at the drag strip’s staging lane, tightly hold down the brake with one foot, while slowly applying the accelerator peddle with the other foot. The car’s engine RPM (revolutions per minute) should slowly increase to a point where the car will either start to move or start spinning the tires. Hold down both the brake and accelerator peddles just below the point where the car is starting to move or spinning the tires. When the christmas tree lights reach the last amber light before the green, lift off of the brake and slowly push the gas peddle all the way down. The correct RPM to launch at will be different every car depending on all of the variables mentioned earlier. Start conservative with the first launch and keep increasing the RPM at which the car is launched at during the subsequent runs. If the car starts spinning the tires after the launch, lower the launch RPM and try again.

    When launching a car with a manual transmission come to a complete stop after the car is properly staged. Press the clutch in all the way with one foot while pressing the accelerator peddle down with the other foot, raising the engine RPM to a constant moderate level for the first launch. Lift up on the clutch peddle to the point where the car is just about to start moving and hold both peddles still. When the christmas tree lights reach the last amber before the green, slowly release the clutch while quickly applying the accelerator peddle enough to launch the car quickly, but not too much to induce a large amount of wheel spin. Start conservative with the first launch and keep increasing the RPM at which the car is launched at during the subsequent runs. If the car starts spinning the tires too much after the launch, lower the launch RPM and try again.

    To obtain better launches and bring down 60 foot times even more, the use of drag radial or full slick tires can be used on more powerful cars that have trouble launching at any RPM on regular street tires. Drag radials and full slicks usually require a burnout to heat up the tires and clean them from debris for optimum performance. A burnout is a rapid spinning of the car’s tires while the car stays relatively still.

    All wheel drive cars (AWD) are typically the easiest to launch because the engine’s power is distributed to 4 wheels instead of two. Rear wheel drive (RWD) cars typically launch better than front wheel drive (FWD) due to the transfer of weight to the rear tires during the launch, causing an increase in traction. If the car has aftermarket adjustable suspension, adjustments can be made specific for drag racing to increase the weight transfer to the driving wheels.

    The track’s launch pad preparation also plays an important role …

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    Emotions: Can We Become Emotionally Stuck At A Certain Age?

    It is often said that one’s emotional age is not always the same as their chronological age. And this can be known through how one feels and seen through certain behaviours and reactions that people have.

    One may even try to deny that they haven’t grown up and justly their behaviour in some way. Here, one could say that they don’t want to grow up or that life is all about having fun for example.

    On the other side of this can be people who are very much aware of how old they feel. These people don’t want to justify or rationalise how they are; they just want to grow up.

    There can also be people who are not aware of being emotionally stuck and simply because it is the only thing they know. It is normal and feels familiar to them. And this can lead to all kinds of pain and suffering.

    Three Options

    In the first example, it’s as if they have no awareness of their emotional age and therefore see life as having two options. Either they stay where they are or they grow up and experience life as being all about responsibility, hard work or obligations for instance.

    For the second person, they can see that the option above is not the only one available. And while they want to grow up, they know that life can not only include responsibilities and hard work, but also moments of adult play and fulfilment.

    The third person is unlikely to enjoy the experience that they are having. But based on their perception of life and themselves, it may appear as the only way life can be experienced.

    Areas Of Life

    However, regardless of what ones position is of their emotional age, this is something that can affect every area of one’s life. And some of the important ones are: self image, career, relationships, finances and mental and emotional health.

    It’s Normal

    There are a number of ways that one can come to the conclusion that they are emotionally stuck. One may come to this conclusion through: reading, being around someone who is emotionally developed or through a general awareness that one has not grown up.

    But, these insights are often hard to come by and this can be the result of emotional undevelopment being so pervasive in today’s world.

    It is often through comparison that people come to see if: how they feel or what they are doing is right or wrong or good or bad. And then there are people who will not only look to others, but who will also look within themselves to decide if they are on the right track or are doing the right thing or not.

    So, if one were to look to other people for feedback on whether they are emotional undeveloped for example, in most cases they are unlikely to have a functional model to compare themselves with. That is unless they happen to have a certain role model, friend or family member who is emotionally developed.

    Influences

    There are many influences here and some of the primary ones are: family, friends, teachers, the media and popular culture. It is through these sources that one’s emotional development can be set and whether or not one feels they are undeveloped or not.

    And based on what these sources are often like, unless one generally questions life or has the drive to grow, it will be normal for one to stay in a regressed state. As the media and popular culture generally don’t encourage emotional development. In most cases, what they promote or idealise, is the result of emotional underdevelopment.

    It is through these role models and what the media focuses on, that one can come to the conclusion that how they feel is normal or how life is.

    The Main Influence

    However, the primary influence in whether one is emotionally developed or undeveloped is the childhood years. What happened during these years will play a massive role in ones emotionally health.

    Now, for some people, their emotional development can be slightly off and for others, there can be the feeling of being extremely undeveloped. This can depend on the quality of nurturing that one received and whether one experienced any kind of trauma.

    Empathic And Unemphatic Care

    And whether one had a caregiver that was primary emphatic or unemphatic will often be the defining factor. An empathic caregiver is one who is generally emotional available and in tune with the Child’s needs. Whereas the unemphatic caregiver is one who is generally emotionally unavailable and out of tune with the Child’s needs.

    From the moment one is born, they will have certain mental and emotional needs. And these will have to be met at the right time, or else it will create …

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    Top 10 Car Drawing Books For Beginner Artists

    1. How to Draw Cars Like a Pro, 2nd Edition

    In this long-awaited follow-up to the best-selling first edition of How to Draw Cars Like a Pro, renowned car designer Thom Taylor goes back to the drawing board to update his classic with all-new illustrations and to expand on such topics as the use of computers in design today. Taylor begins with advice on selecting the proper tools and equipment, then moves on to perspective and proportion, sketching and cartooning, various media, and light, shadow, reflection, color, and even interiors. Written to help enthusiasts at all artistic levels, his book also features more than 200 examples from many of today’s top artists in the automotive field. Updated to include computerized illustration techniques.

    Author: Thom Taylor

    2. How To Draw Cars Fast and Easy

    How To Draw Cars Fast and Easy is a 134 page car drawing guide in downloadable e-book format, jam-packed from cover to cover with all the tips and techniques previously known by only a small handful of professional designers. This program contains all the information you’ll ever need to draw perfect looking cars quickly and easily that will amaze your friends.

    Author: Tim Rugendyke

    3. How To Design Cars Like a Pro

    This book describes how car design and technology work through the eyes of the most talented and powerful car designers in the world. The interviews give a deep understanding of why we see what we see on the highways of the world. Author Tony Lewin has been a highly regarded magazine editor on the world stage for so long that some of the top young guns revealing all in this book were hanging on his words just a few years ago.

    Author: Tony Lewin

    4. How to Draw & Paint Cars

    This book is not about learning how to draw and paint fashionable cars, super cars, tarted up street or ‘cool’ cars as referred to by some motoring journalists, it is about drawing and painting all types of cars. The author has endeavored to distill experience from many years creating images on this subject into a book that will help and encourage those keen to draw and paint cars, both for pleasure or as a career. The author takes you through the history of the car from it’s conception in 1885 to current models with sketches and paintings created in a variety of mediums, with examples and step by step guides. Readers are encouraged to develop their skills, whether raw beginners or accomplished artists. The road to success won’t be easy, but, through this book you will learn all the techniques short cuts accumulated over decades by an accomplished commercial artist. Whether for business or pleasure this book is THE handbook for automotive art. With 185 illustrations and step by step guides this is a must have for any budding auto artist.

    Author: Tony Gardiner

    5. How to Draw Cars the Hot Wheels Way

    This book provides excellent how-to-draw detail that is appealing and easy to follow for Hot Wheels(tm) and drawing enthusiasts from ages 10 to adult. Detailed drawing techniques with descriptive captions allow readers to create their own automotive designs. Illustrations emphasize how to draw fantasy, custom, concept, and hot rod cars. Author Scott Robertson uses original Mattel artwork throughout the book. With real Mattel artwork featured in detail, the bo0ok has great appeal for collectors, even if they aren’t aspiring artists. Because Hot Wheels(tm) diecast cars are modeled after both real and fantasy vehicles, the techniques and interest to readers is the same as for real-life car enthusiasts. Officially licensed by Mattel.

    Author: Scott Robertson

    6. H-Point: The Fundamentals of Car Design & Packaging

    The ultimate reference guide for car designers and automotive engineers! H-Point was written by the pioneer of the Vehicle Architecture course at Art Center College of Design, Stuart Macey along with the Director of Advanced Mobility Research, Geoff Wardle. Currently used as the educational handout for the transportation design students at Art Center, it will now be available to aspiring car creators everywhere, clearly organizing the packaging standards that apply to car and truck design; along with insightful graphic explanations, this book demystifies the automotive design process and allows designers access to an illustrious careers worth of knowledge.

    Author: Stuart Macey

    7. How to Design Cars Like a Pro

    This comprehensive new edition of How to Design Cars Like a Pro provides an in-depth look at modern automotive design. Interviews with leading automobile designers from Ford, BMW, GM Jaguar, Nissan and others, analyses of past and present trends, studies of individual models and concepts, and much more combine to reveal the fascinating mix of art and science that goes into creating automobiles. This book is a must-have for professional designers, as well as for automotive enthusiasts.

    Author: Tony …

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    Daily Rituals: How Artists Work (Review)

    Daily Rituals: How Artists Work author Mason Currey puts forth a great look into the creative process by ritual from gathering hundreds of interviews, letters, diaries and photographs of famous people. Currey seeks to understand what leads each person to their creative process by letting us in on their daily rituals. These showed how easy or difficult it was for an artist, composer or writer to succeed.

    Currey has assembled 161 creative geniuses into this lean volume that can be read cover to cover or opened to any page. The book includes a range of creative people from Hemingway, Picasso, Mozart to less popular contemporary geniuses like performance artist Marina Abramovic, illustrator N.C. Wyeth and choreographer Twyla Tharp.

    There are many things to glean from the writings but one theme is clear… there is no right way to create great work but every artist has their way.

    While each of the daily routines described are unique there are many similarities running through much of them. The majority of the routines began early in the morning and always with some form of breakfast. Prolific writer Anthony Trollope awoke every morning and was at his writing desk by 5:30am. He paid a servant extra to bring him coffee exactly at that time everyday. Trollope would then write until it was time for him to go to his job at the post office.

    Composer George Gershwin started the morning with a standard breakfast and then immediately begin composing, sitting at the piano in his robe, pajamas and slippers. He sometimes worked until midnight without ever changing clothes. Issac Asimov grew up in his dad’s candystore which operated 6:00 am to midnight. Later in life he took this working attitude to his writing. Waking at 5:00 am and getting to work as quickly as possible Asimov would write as long as he could. He kept this routine seven days a week and even holidays.

    Another big theme throughout was the use of drugs and or alcohol. The biggest drug of choice was caffeine/uppers. Prolific Hungarian mathematician Paul Erdos believed that “a mathematician is a machine for turning coffee into theorems.” Soren Kierkegaard preferred his coffee with sugar, lots of it: “Delightedly he seized hold of the bag containing the sugar and poured sugar into the coffee cup until it was piled above the rim,” his biographer observed. “Next came the incredibly strong, black coffee, which slowly dissolved the white pyramid.”

    Ayn Rand struggled early in her career to produce until a doctor prescribed Benzedrine to boost her energy levels. It did the trick as she went on to write the epic, The Fountainhead. Her drug use continued for three decades. Author Patricia Highsmith needed cigarettes and a swig of vodka just to get out of bed and into the mood for working. Later in life she would mark the bottle of how much she was allowed to drink in the morning as to not hamper her work during the day.

    While most in the book were happy to produce even a small daily amount of creative work there were a few that could put out epic amounts. P.G. Wodehouse, for instance, wrote the last 8,000 words of Thank You, Jeeves in a single day. William Faulkner once wrote 10,000 words between 10:00 a.m. and midnight. But these are exceptions to the rule. After reading the book it was comforting to know that the majority of great artists had moments of struggle, block and sometimes hatred of the creative process.

    Mason Currey did a great job of giving insight to what it’s like for creative geniuses to work on a day to day basis. Daily Rituals is filled with detail and anecdote. It’s great reading and for any creative person it’s a book that should stay within arms reach.

    Source by Bruce Aderhold

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    Accredited Hospitality Schools Teach Four Important Planning Stages

    Accredited hospitality schools teach students in event management four main components in addition to industry statistics and trends. Students learn planning, execution, coordination and then controlling the event. All four levels of learning are essential in event management, no matter the type of event planned.

    Planning

    This is the most important stage of event management. Planning is not just the date and the time. Every single detail is addressed even though the details will change from one event to another. Event managers plan weddings, parties, fundraisers, fairs, seminars and any other small or large gathering that requires professional assistance. Just these examples alone reveal the different aspects of planning for each event. Most of these events take into account food, refreshment, entertainment, speakers, finding the proper venue and making sure that each detail is in line with the policies held by each place. For example, if a host wants to serve alcohol, it is the job of the event planner to make sure it is legal to do so in the venue, get the proper documentation and perhaps hiring someone to prevent underage drinking.

    Execution

    Obviously this is the culmination of all the planning efforts and details converging into the event day. Planners and managers must make sure that all of the plans run smoothly and that everyone is happy that attends especially the person or group that is hosting the event. They must ensure that all aspects of the party are in place, from the food to the entertainment to the main event and as the event goes on, be ready to smoothly segue into the next part of the event. If the planning was good, then this should be easier.

    Coordination and Control

    These last two parts are where the leadership qualities of the manager need to shine through. They must be able to juggle multiple tasks at once. They also must be able to handle the vendors at the event, the guests, the hosts and all manner of people in between. If problems arise, they need to handle it coolly and quickly. A good event planner will be able to do all of these things through to the end of the event and even after the cleanup.

    Most accredited hospitality schools, whether online or traditional, teach their students all the essentials for these main parts. Additionally, they also provide students with the experience they need either by getting involved with local businesses and charities, or planning and hosting events at their school. Hospitality students can learn the theory as well as anybody, but what sets them apart from others is the experience they need to acquire implementing and executing great events.

    Source by Sarah E Peduzzi

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    Finished Intarsia Woodwork – How Much Can I Sell It For?

    How much can I sell my intarsia woodwork for? This is the question I get asked all the time. So I know that at least some of you out there are considering trying to sell your work.

    So how much are they worth?

    Early Days – A Typical Scenario

    You’ve started on a new and exciting woodworking skill called Intarsia. You can’t get enough of it. Your family and friends are really impressed with the stuff you are making. So every new piece easily finds a home.

    You are happy to give your finished pieces to your close family and friends. But then friends of friends start wanting pieces. It occurs to you that while you certainly enjoy making them there are costs involved other than your time. And even though you don’t feel you need to be paid for your time it would be nice to get some sort of return for your labours.

    Mid Intarsia Crisis

    Well maybe not a crisis but now you do start to think it might be good to sell a few intarsia pieces to recoup costs. And how much easier is it to get the boss to agree to a new machine in your workshop if you are showing a return. “Well dearest heart, I’ve made a few bob already and with that money I can buy a brand new – insert your preference here – so I can make my intarsia even more efficiently and then I’ll easily be able to get around to making that new coffee table you’ve always wanted and so richly deserve.” Woffle wofle woffle.

    The Big Question – “How much are they worth?

    “How long is a piece of string?

    The golden rule. “They are worth whatever customers will pay for them”

    Which doesn’t actually tell you anything. So let’s look at a couple of pricing scenarios.

    The Academic Approach

    A Masters degree in Business will tell you to do something like this. First calculate your total cost of production.

    Material Costs

    * Timber including any waste – $ Very little

    * Plywood backing – $ A tiny amount

    * Hangers from a framing shop – a few cents

    Consumables

    * Sandpaper – $ more than you’d first imagine but still not much

    * Glue – a few more cents

    * Varnish or oil finish – $ a few dollars

    Overheads

    * Workshop rent – it might be your garage but somebody some time had to pay for it.

    * Telephone

    * Electricity

    * Broom for sweeping up

    * yadda yadda yadda

    Marketing

    * Cost of stall at local flea market/car boot sale

    * Traveling cost to get there

    * Your time sitting behind the stall all day

    Profit

    * The cream on the top that you deserve over and above your wages for running your own business. And now the big one.

    Labour

    * Your local mechanic charges $50 (or $60 or $70) per hour to fix your car. And it’s probably the first year apprentice that’s done the work anyway. It’s taken you 84 hours to make your masterpiece (you’ve carefully noted the hours) and it looks fabulous. You’re not greedy so maybe $20 per hour is okay. That makes $1680 plus the $50 for all the materials etc. $1700+. Probably not going to get that at the local flea market.

    Okay, let’s be less ambitious and work for $5 per hour, I don’t actually need anything, this is just a hobby. And I’m sure I must have got those hours wrong, lets pretend it was only 40 hours work. So $200 plus a bit extra for materials, let’s call it $220 all up. Now that sounds more reasonable.So not-with-standing the business degree, what we’ve actually done is made a guess at the price. Surely there’s a better way. You’re right, there is.

    An aside Sitting all day in the hot sun at a local flea market hoping a punter with $220 in their pocket will happen by is okay occasionally but not a regular, reliable income stream. Oh, you say, but if you take your work to a local gallery they want 40%, or 50% or more for themselves. And all they have to do is hang it on their wall, I had to do all the hard yakka to make it. Highway robbery. But if you go the gallery route you don’t have to hang around all day, every day looking for customers. They do that. That’s what you pay them for. And they have to spend the money to make their gallery look good, not you. We always tried to make quality woodwork so we could interest the best galleries in the land. Way to go. Happy to pay their cut as long as they keep them trucking over.

    The Two Month

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    The Importance of Music Licensing

    If you are a composer, and have written many original songs, getting into music licensing is a very important objective. Additionally, it will aid in receiving substantial profit. For example, if a feature film, advertisement or TV show likes a song, they will request a music license for the composition.

    With the downturn of the economy within the music industry today, there has been a dramatic increase in the popularity of music licensing in the entertainment world. It can be heard in radio, television and many other venues. Many organizations are in search of new talents around the world and it has become paramount to become educated and involved in music licensing as well as getting adequate representation.

    Many talented individuals are deprived in pursuing their musical career due to lack of knowledge and exposure to licensing. In fact, in many cases the only thing that one can do as talented composer is to pursue music licensing, but how can this be achieved?

    One way is by joining a performing rights organization or a PRO. Every country has its own society of composers and these organizations play a great part in the proper way to license music. In the United States the three primary companies are ASCAP, BMI and SESAC. Be sure to contact one of these organizations and become a member. They are extremely knowledgeable about music and all the technicalities that come along with music licensing and will be an invaluable source to your career.

    The PRO’s in the United States collect over a billion dollars every year for songwriters and publishers who refer to this income as performance royalties. The caveat is that if your music has not been registered through the proper channels and does not have the appropriate music license you will never see this income.

    Another thing that you can do is to find a publishing company. A publisher represents your songs in the business of music. Tasks such as music licensing, negotiating licensing, collecting royalties and making sure that you get paid at the proper amount at the proper time are all part of the publishing process and what a publisher does. It is very astonishing at the amount of composers that are oblivious to the most important aspect of the music business and daily lose out on substantial earnings generated through licensing. A well-connected publishing will allow you to flourish as a composer and allow your compositions to earn you credits, money and the recognition that you deserve.

    Source by Alexis Wright

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    Finishing Your Canvas Print With Lacquer

    Canvas prints are a great way to turn your favorite photos into fantastic works of art. This is mainly because canvas is very durable and can last for several years. Unfortunately, no matter how durable canvas is, it is also prone to damage. The image printed or drawn on it could fade, particularly if the canvas art is always exposed to sunlight.

    Fortunately, there is a solution for this. Finishing your canvas art with lacquer can protect the painting from fading and scratching, thereby increasing its durability. A lacquer finish can also enhance a canvas print’s quality.

    When ordering a canvas print of your favorite photo, you can ask your service provider to apply a lacquer finish to your canvas art. If they do not offer this particular service your can apply the lacquer finish yourself. The process is fairly simple. Here is how to finish your canvas print with lacquer:

    First, gather all the things you will be using. You will need the following items:

    Lacquer

    Spray gun or brush

    Or

    Lacquer in a spray can

    Start by preparing your work space. Cover the area you will be working on with plastic or newspaper. You should also cover other nearby items that you do not want to be spattered with lacquer. Your work space should be well-ventilated and without open flames nearby.

    Pour lacquer into your spray gun. Spray guns are available at your local hardware store. You can opt to use lacquer in a spray can. However, using a spray gun has an advantage: a better, more even coverage. You can also use a brush-on lacquer. Pour a generous amount of lacquer on shallow dish. This is where you will be dipping your brush.

    If you are using a spray gun, test it first by spraying it right onto the newspaper or plastic. This will give you an idea of what the gush of lacquer will be like.

    Before you start spraying or painting your canvas print with lacquer, first make sure that the ink or paint of the print is completely dry. It may be a smart move to wait for about three days before applying the lacquer finish to make sure that the ink or paint has completely dried. Otherwise, the lacquer could smudge it.

    Once you have ascertained that the ink or paint is completely dry you can start spraying or painting your canvas print with lacquer. Start at a top corner and spray or paint evenly across toward the other corner, then down, and then work your way back to the side where you started from. Continue spraying or painting lacquer in this manner until you have covered the entire surface are of your canvas print. If you are using a brush, work quickly and spread the lacquer as evenly as possible.

    Do not go back to other areas that you have already applied lacquer to. Also, avoid applying a thick layer of lacquer on the first coat. If you prefer a thick layer of lacquer, you can apply a second coat. However, do not apply the second coat right away. Let the first coat of lacquer dry for one to two days and then apply the second coat.

    Source by Izabella M Harris

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    Starting an Arcade Business – It’s Fun, Entertaining, and Profitable!

    You should consider Starting an Arcade Business for public entertainment if you enjoy entertaining and amusing people! You can set your cash registers roaring by providing loads of interactive games, computer games, video games and all kinds of electronic amusement amenities.

    This is a fun and family entertainment business. Youngsters and young adults just want to chill out and get their adrenaline pumping and amusement arcades are just the environment. If you are looking for self-employment options that will earn you a stable and profitable income you need to consider the arcade business. Before Starting an Arcade Business you need to check out the local zoning laws.

    Estimated start-up costs:

    $10,000 to $50,000.

    Financing Sources for Starting an Arcade Business:

    Bank & Credit Union Loans

    Angel Investors

    Business Plan needed when applying for loans

    Marketing Methods and Tips:

    Remember that you are competing with home versions of all these games. For that reason you need to do something to draw them to your Arcade rather than remaining at home to play. Think up some catchy name for your arcade business. One way to draw customers is by offering exciting, fabulous and unique prizes on winning particular games!

    Advertising :

    Place ads in local newspapers

    Yellow Page advertising

    Local Radio Stations

    Distribute flyers at local clubs, super markets, etc.

    Internet website

    Essential Equipment:

    Vending machines for food, candy and soda

    Coin or Token Change Machines

    Tables & Chairs

    Arcade Games of all types and varieties

    Recommended Training, Experience, or Needed Skills:

    You don’t require any kind of formal or professional training for Starting an Arcade Business. It would be helpful to have some technical knowledge on repair and upkeep of the games. However, you can outsource for repairs and upkeep. Basic business skills would be helpful, but you can learn from books or business plans you can purchase.

    Income Potential:

    The income potential is dependent upon a good location. If you locate the arcade properly, you can make upwards of $100,000 a year. Without a proper location you will probably have little chance of success.

    Target Market:

    The biggest target markets for your arcade business are kids, teens and young adults.

    Success Tips:

    The biggest success tip for any arcade business amateur would be to promote your gaming parlor in a big, big way. You have to employ clever business and marketing techniques to attract customers. After that word of mouth will work the best.

    You need to create the perfect ambiance that will help youngsters and their parents to have fun and relax! Revamp your arcade décor from time to time including the latest games and exciting prizes!

    Source by Randy Wilson

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    His Most Famous Painting (The Swing) – Jean-Honore Fragonard

    Jean-Honore Fragonard (April 05, 1732-August 22, 1806) was a French painter and printmaker of high repute. His creative ‘Rococo’ style was elaborate and cheerful, with ‘Genre Paintings’ being his forte. Fragonard created over 550 paintings, exclusive of the countless drawings and etchings. Out of this huge lot, only five artworks are dated. Jean Fragonard’s most famous painting “The Swing” or “the Happy Accidents of the Swing (French: Les Hasards Heureux de l’Escarpolette)” (1769) is by far one of the best ‘Rococo’ works globally.

    Measuring 81 cm x 64.2 cm, Jean’s “The Swing” is colorful, attractive, oil on canvass painting, brimming with verve. It shows a young woman wearing a candy colored, flowing dress, a touch of fashion completed by a hat. She is enjoying high swings in a garden, with a Bishop, probably her lover, pushing the swing hanging from a large, thick tree. A young man, hidden behind the bushes, is watching the woman. As she goes high on the swing, the backwards reclined man is able to get a sneaky peep up her legs, under the dress, ‘Symbolizing’ the loss of virginity. Themed on carefree enthusiasm, Jean Honore’s “The Swing” shows the woman carelessly letting off one of her shoes in the air. The statues around seem to acknowledging the scene with a sculptural silence.

    According to Charles Colle’s autobiography, a young man first asked Gabriel Francois Doyen to make this painting of him and his mistress. Not comfortable with the idea of this casually, perky work, Francois Doyen recommended Jean-Honore for it. “The Swing” was an instant success. It is believed that Jean made several versions of “The Swing,” each unique in its own right though. Grimaldi and Labeyrie Collection gave a smaller version, sized 56 × 46 cm, to the Musee Lambinet in the city of Versailles, where “The Swing” is presently displayed. Virgile Josz has mentioned about the following three replicas of “The Swing” in his book ‘Fragonard: moeurs du XVIIIe siecle,’ written in 1901. Baron Bollioud de Saint-Julien owned the original painting, which was sold to the Duke of Morny, when the baron died in 1788. Sir Richard Wallace then bought it and presently “The Swing” by Jean Fragonard is a part of the ‘Wallace Collection,’ London, United Kingdom. Another version of “The Swing” is slightly different, with the woman’s dress being blue, instead of the original candy. Edmond James de Rothschild owns it. Duc Jules de Polignac owns an even smaller version of “The Swing.”

    Undoubtedly, Jean-Honore Fragonard stands as a prominent figure in the world of ‘Rococo Paintings,’ with artworks like “The Swing” vouching for it. He has truly passed a legacy of creative innovation to inspire several generations of existing as well as future artists.

    Source by Annette Labedzki

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    Physical Education Need and Importance

    Benefits and Importance of Physical Education | Body Fitness and Health

    In the Present World of Space age and automation era, all human beings appear to be living a more and more inactive life. They ride instead of walk, sit instead of stand and watches instead of participants. Such type of inactivity or sedentary life is detrimental to mental and physical health. Thus, there is great need for physical education as a part of balanced living.

    Following are the importance or benefits of physical education –

    1. It is needed because due to advanced technology the lifestyle of people becomes sedentary and they become passive entertainer.

    2. It is needed during childhood for proper growth and development.

    3. It is beneficial during adulthood to maintain good health and fitness.

    4. During old Age, it is important to prevent and treat various ailments and disease.

    5. It is important as it provides us the knowledge of our bodies from musculoskeletal, physiological and biochemical point of view.

    6. It teaches us various physical activities that can be practiced now in later life such as motor skills for the games and sports of volleyball, tennis, swimming and so on.

    7. It also teaches us the value of ethical behaviour in sporting situations.

    8. It teaches us the value of physical fitness and how to become physically fit.

    9. It teaches us the value of physical fitness and how to become physically fit.

    10. It is important for aesthetic reasons as by participation in physical fitness programmes like gymnastics and dance, beauty and grace in cultivated in the movement.

    11. It is also important for catharsis reasons with mean releasing of energy, emotion, tension or frustration and some people let off their extra steam by participating in various games and sports which are part of physical education. This way physical education helps in checking juvenile delinquency.

    Source by Mikey Singh

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    The History of Print Media

    Currently, in the times of digital media and Information technology, the importance of print media is same as years before. May be it is the convenience of reading something anytime you want that makes the hardcopies remain more popular. Even in our offices where most of the business and information exchange are carried out through internet, stuff like laser tone cartridge and bulk ink are still very important part of office supplies. It seems like nothing is ever going to take the place of print media. While the usage of printing and print media seems to have no end even in the future, one really gets curious about the history of this media. Let us go back in time and trace back man’s first successful print making endeavor.

    Many historians trace the history back to Mesopotamian times of around 3000BC but there are hardly any evidences to prove it. However first actual record is known to be of block prints used around 200AD in China. Initially it was used to print on clothes. As the usage of paper became common around China and East Asia, the same technique was used on paper as well. Nearly two centuries later the Romans also used the same printing techniques on both papers and clothes. The earliest example of a complete printed compilation along with illustrations is The Tiananmen scrolls. It was printed in China in 868 AD. In Korea, the same block technique was further enhanced by using metal rather than wood.

    Later during the 9th and 10th century same technique was used in clay, wood, metal, stone and even glass in the Middle East. The Arabs and Egyptians used the technique to print prayer books and amulets. With the Arab invasion of Europe and Central Asia, this technique also travelled along. Yet in Europe also, it was used to print religious banners and scrolls mostly n fabric.

    As this technique was taking over the world, the Chinese invented yet another technique in the 1040AD. This was the movable object printing. The basic technique was still the block method but the components were actually movable. The very first example of book printed with this method is a Korean book, ‘Jijki’. It required a lot of effort in moving the tablets around.

    During 1843, a new technique was introduced by an American inventor, Richard March Hole. In this technique the image or text to be printed is rolled around a cylinder which is than pressed or rolled over the substrates. With few improvements done along time, his remained a very popular printing technique around the world.

    Later, the offset printing was invented during 1875. The technique was initially developed to print on tin but now has become the most common type of printing used for paper. Although it is good for large scale printing purposes, the increase in daily printing requirements lead to the development of most latest printing technique, the laser printing. It is quick and convenient and the equipment is not too heavy or bulky. This is the technique home and office printers are based on.

    Source by Connor R Sullivan

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    Astrology and The Addams Family: Venus and Mars in Scorpio

    They’re creepy, spooky, and mysterious. I’m sure you know them. They’ve visited you at home on your TV and you may have seen them in the movie theater, too. They are The Addams Family. So, what do they have to do with astrology? The characteristics of planets and signs of the zodiac may be learned easily by examining archetypes who embody them. Archetypes can be found in mythological tales and in our pop culture figures. Often, a transit of a planet will make me think of a modern day character from a book or TV show that personifies the qualities of that planet and sign. The current transit of Venus and Mars in Scorpio makes me think immediately of The Addams Family, particularly Morticia as Venus and Gomez as Mars.

    Scorpio rules the eighth house of the astrological chart. In traditional astrology, the eighth house has to do with the occult, metaphysics, the paranormal, sex, death, taxes, and inheritance. Scorpio is ruled by Pluto. Characteristics attributed to Pluto are intensity, power, destruction, resurrection, and transformation. A spooky ancestral home decorated with the macabre and mysterious, housing a family possessing intense passions and morbid proclivities who live off unlimited wealth hidden in the basement is the most perfect example of Scorpio eighth house symbolism I can imagine.

    The Addams Family movie was released to the public on November 22, 1991, under the appropriately Scorpionic influence of the Sun, Mars, and Pluto transiting in – you guessed it – Scorpio! I’m sure the transits of those planets in the sign of Scorpio increased the popularity of the film and the audience’s enjoyment of the actors’ portrayal of the spooky family so many of us love. Not all movies based on popular television shows live up to expectations, but I know The Addams Family lived up to mine. Raul Julia and Anjelica Huston were wonderfully cast as Gomez and Morticia. I have watched the film several times over the years when I have wanted to set the Scorpio mood for the Halloween season.

    Mars is a planet of action and physical vitality. It is a masculine planet and represents sexual energy in matters of love. When Mars is in the fixed water sign of Scorpio, passions can run deep and both lust and anger can flare dramatically. Mars in Scorpio may have its own moral code of conduct and rules to live by. When someone breaks those rules, it is an invitation to take action. When Mars in Scorpio believes in something or someone, it believes all the way and can be completely devastated should it be deceived or betrayed. In The Addams Family movie, Gomez is entirely convinced Fester is his long-lost brother – he cannot allow himself to believe otherwise. When Gomez is playing with swords, visiting his basement full of money, wrecking model trains, or succumbing to Morticia’s chilly charms he is acting out the essence of Mars in Scorpio. Obsession is a Mars in Scorpio quality and Gomez is obsessive about his family. Above all, he is obsessive about Morticia. As he observes her sleeping, he says, “Look at her. I would die for her. I would kill for her. Either way, what bliss!”

    Venus is a planet of physical comfort, beauty, and pleasure. It is a feminine planet and represents affection in matters of love. Scorpio is an intensely emotional water sign that wrestles with issues of control and exposure. In love and all relationships, Scorpio prefers to have the upper hand and know more about the other than they are willing to share about themselves until they feel it is safe to do so. Venus in Scorpio can be jealous, protective, intensely loyal, and secretive. Clandestine romance, love triangles, and unrequited love are the negative patterns of relating that arise from the Scorpio fear of exposure and intimacy. Those three kinds of relationship have distance and lack of total involvement at their core. Sometimes Venus in Scorpio takes the all-or-nothing approach – if Venus in Scorpio can’t have exactly who it wants, it will have none at all. Yes, for all the reputation Scorpio has as the sexiest sign of the zodiac, it can actually appear quite cold on the surface. Despite her minimal outward display of emotion, Morticia radiates a deep passion, neatly tucked into her form-fitting dress and graceful control. Morticia is the ultimate cool, self-possessed woman. She is also a perfect example of the social etiquette, which Venus in Scorpio values. Her manners are impeccable and she considers the needs of others, even if her values are a bit skewed, as when she admonishes her mother, “Hush, mama! It’s for charity! Widows and orphans. We need more of them.”

    Out of all the twelve signs of the zodiac, Scorpio is the one sign that …

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    Five Steps to Making the Most of Enamel Paint

    Enamel paint is the Tasmanian devil of the arts and crafts world. It’s tricky to use, unpredictable when drying, and might even present problems once it’s dried. More than one eager young painter has set out on a craft or modeling project meaning to use enamel paint and wound up bitterly disappointed.

    Make no mistake: enamel paint has its advantages. It’s tough as nails, will last a lifetime, and offers a sleek translucent finish that ordinary acrylic paints largely cannot. If you’re willing to work with it, enamel provides incredible advantages, especially when working with metal and ceramics, for example some kinds of models and decorative lawn accessories and handmade enamel jewelry.

    The five steps below aren’t presented in order, but following all of them will make the painting more fun and help you protect your project in the years to come.

    Prime time is forever.

    If your subject is made of metal, wood, or plastic, you should apply at least one coat of primer before even the first drop of enamel goes on. Priming helps prevent mildew, mold, rust and warping while making sure your enamel paint is lustrous and smooth atop the surface of the subject matter. It’ll also prevent stickiness once the enamel paint dries.

    Primer is available in both spray-can and liquid formats at both hardware and arts and crafts stores.

    Don’t brush off.

    Don’t be fooled into thinking that all brushes are all the same. Because enamel paints are oil based, they’ll adhere to the brush you used to apply them just as much as they will the subject matter.

    Enamel paints require brushes that can handle their thickness and density. Make sure you have several before beginning your project, and remember to get two of three of each kind of brush just in case.

    Thinner is better.

    Depending on the color, enamel paint can have the consistency of water or the thickness of molasses. You may need to apply a certain amount of paint thinner to the paint in order to make sure it evenly and smoothly spreads across the subject matter. Paint thinner, by the way, is also used to clean the brushes and to remove unwanted spots and stains on hands, clothing, and other surfaces. However, remember it’s extremely unhealthy if swallowed or put into contact with the eyes.

    Good air quality helps.

    Enamel dries best in conditions with little humidity and slight but not immense air circulation. You should also remember to practice good ventilation when working with enamel, as the fumes can cause dizziness.

    Finish with a sealant.

    Sealants help protect the enamel from chipping but also from help repel dust that the oil-based paint will otherwise surely attract and hold like flypaper. Sealants typically come in spray-can format, and can be applied in seconds.

    Sealants are available in high-gloss and matte finishes, which can help amplify your finished project’s shine or just give it a realistic texture. Because enamel paint is naturally lustrous, a matte finish should be used when working on subject matter (jewelry, statuary, models) that shouldn’t have a “shine” appearance.

    Source by John Madsen

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    Prisoner Love – Masters of the Art of Manipulation in 4 Steps

    A couple years ago, my new friend, Terri, experienced prisoner love and actually married an inmate. The marriage ended up taking her on a roller-coaster ride through Hades.

    With tears of anguish drenching her face, I listened as she revealed accounts of her involvement. Incredulously I wondered how such a warm, giving, beautiful, and loving woman could have been swept up into such a situation.

    “How”? I pleaded to know.

    These men, she said, become masters of the art of manipulation. I started corresponding with this particular man because I knew his parents and had known him briefly as a young teen many years before. I inquired about him one day and began to write.

    I had recently ended a bad relationship and was so lonely that any contact with a man was welcome; however, I never intended to become romantically involved with a prisoner.

    Little did I know I had just set myself up for the art of manipulation! It happened to me in 4 steps as he preyed upon my vulnerability. His goal was to:

    1. Ascertain Weaknesses

    2. Gain Trust

    3. Initiate Control

    4. Promote Isolation

    It starts so innocently for a woman. Over a period of time he asks many questions to get to know you. And he listens to your every concern.

    She’s thinking: At last I can talk and someone listens. I can reveal the depths of my heart because someone cares.

    He’s thinking: Ah, now I know all her weaknesses.

    With these tools in his hand he now begins to lead you to where he wants you to go. Gradually he convinces you that he loves you. You deserve love. You need to find a man who will take care of you–someone to be there for you in good times and in bad times.

    Oh, if only he were free, he’d be that man for you.

    He had my cell phone number and would call numerous times every day. Over time I racked up $3,000 in phone bills, but he convinced me it was worth it. After all, I was free to do what I wanted, anytime I wanted and he was so restricted, couldn’t I spend a little to comfort him as he had comforted me?

    If I wasn’t available to answer his calls, he would question me as to where I had been and who I was with. After all, he was worried. He didn’t want any harm to come to me. Couldn’t I tell he really loved me?

    In course of time he asked me to do things for him that maybe a rational woman wouldn’t do like drive down to visit him on a weather alert day that meant a 3-hour drive in a blizzard. “Why won’t you come, don’t you trust me?” he cried. “Don’t you trust that I would do that for you!”

    I’m thinking: Oh, he cares so much for me. He just can’t wait to see me.

    He’s thinking: Control.

    The final step for me was isolation. This is when he manipulates you into cutting off friends and family. After all why do you need them when you have him?

    Without counsel from others I was under his complete control. The art of manipulation had worked. Then when he asked me to marry him while he was still in prison to get a favorable review from the parole board, I eagerly agreed. After all, he was my prisoner love…wasn’t he?

    Source by Donna Patterson

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    Classification of Chinese Martial Arts

    Martial arts have been created and developed for self-defense and survival throughout human history. Chinese martial arts is generally called Wushu, where Wu means military and shu means art, thus Wushu means the art of fighting. Proper martial-arts training can improve physical ability, health, and willpower and mental discipline. The soul of the martial art is to increase a person’s inner quality, not setting fighting as the purpose. Martial arts have thousands of years’ history. Over the past two to four thousand years, many distinctive styles have been developed, each with its own set of techniques and ideas.

    Since there are various styles, it is very difficult to classify Chinese martial arts. There are also common themes to the different styles , which are often classified by “families” or “schools” of martial art styles. Each style offers a different approach to the common problems of self-defense, health and self-cultivation. Traditionally, Chinese martial arts can be classified by the following three main methods:

    (1) External and internal classification

    (2) Geographical classification

    (3) Religious classification

    Internal and external classifications only became popular during the Republican period. It was used to differentiate between two completing groups within the Central Guoshu Academy. Regardless of the origin of this classification scheme, the distinction becomes less meaningful since all complete Chinese martial art styles have external and internal components. This classification scheme is only a reminder of the initial emphasis of a particular style and should not be considered an absolute division. Roughly speaking, the distinction between internal and external martial arts can refer to whether the strength is from the torso and legs (internal) or whether the strength is derived from training of the more specific arm and leg muscles (external). Internal styles focus on the practice of such elements as awareness of the spirit, mind, qi and the use of relaxed leverage rather than unrefined muscular tension, tension that soft stylists call “brute force”. External style is characterized by fast and explosive movements and a focus on physical strength and agility. External styles begin with a training focus on muscular power, speed and application, and generally integrate their qigong aspects in advanced training, after their desired “hard” physical level has been reached. Example of external styles is Shaolinquan.

    According to geographical classification, the Chinese martial arts can be divided into northern and southern style, referring to which part of China the styles originated from, separated by the Yangtze River. The main perceived difference about northern and southern styles is that the northern styles tend to emphasize fast and powerful kicks, high jumps and generally fluid and rapid movement, while the southern styles focus more on strong arm and hand techniques, and stable, immovable stances and fast footwork. The group of Northern martial arts includes many illustrious styles such as Baguazhang, Bajiquan, Ch

    Source by Helen C.