Rewards in the Classroom: Pros and Cons of Tangible Rewards

Are rewards in the classroom an effective teaching tool or do their negative consequences outweigh any benefits? This is a hotly-debated issue in educational circles and the debate isn’t likely to end anytime soon. Why do teachers use tangible rewards? Because they work, at least for the short-term.

This article will look at the pros and cons of using tangible rewards (candy, food coupons, trinkets) to manipulate student behavior.

Pros:

  • These items can quickly change student behavior. Start giving candy to kids are answering a question and your participation rates will skyrocket.
  • This is an easy system for students to understand. Do what the teacher wants, get a prize.
  • Reinforcement is frequent and immediate. Students don’t have to wait to receive it.
  • Rewards provide a short-term incentive to behave or work hard.
  • Rewards can encourage involvement from students who normally are unengaged.
  • Students can gradually be weaned off of tangible rewards by using intermittent reinforcement.

Cons:

  • Rewards cause students to work for the wrong reasons.
  • They only create a temporary change.
  • Rather than rewards, they often are actually a bribe.
  • Since the teacher usually pays for her own rewards, it can become expensive.
  • Not all students are motivated by the reward you offer.
  • They can actually be a disincentive. If the reward is given to the first person with the correct answer, many students may not even try.
  • Food prizes are risky and should be avoided. Your class may contain diabetics and students with many types of allergies.
  • If you stop giving the rewards the desired behaviors may cease because they are tied to the reward.
  • Rewards encourage an external focus. Students learn because they will get something physical for it. The teaching goal is to move students to the level of working for internal rewards, such as the feeling of pride attained from doing a good job. Tangibles don’t promote this.

I used tangible rewards on occasion and don’t see anything wrong with that. Sometimes I would pick a random name from homework papers and give a little prize. It did tend to increase the percentage of homework assignments for awhile. And sometimes I gave bonus points to groups who won review contests. To me this just adds a fun element to the class. As long as it’s not expected by the kids, it’s just another tool.

Trying to implement a reward system on a class wide level however, is time-intensive, expensive and ultimately – not very effective. It also has a negative effect on student participation and cooperation in class. Soon whenever you ask students to do something you will get a chorus of “What do we get?” This will get old really quick!

The best approach is not to rely on physical rewards. However, if you are already implementing a reward-based behavior system, begin slowly weaning the kids away from it. Instead of getting something for everything, give rewards at the end of the week. As you do this increase the amount of verbal praise and encourage them to feel proud of their accomplishments.Hopefully, they will soon stop expecting tangible rewards.



Source by Barbara A Toney

Marc Chagall – The Russian-Jewish Artist, a European Modernist Painter

The 20th century European Modernist, Figurative artist, Mark Zakharovich Shagal, or Marc Chagall was born Moshe Shagal on July 7, 1887 in Vitebsk, Belarus, the then part of the Russian Federation. The eldest of nine children, Marc hailed from a Russian-Jewish family. His father, Khatskl (Zakhar) Shagal, worked for a herring merchant and his mother, Feige-Ite, ran a small grocery store. During his early years, Chagall was not allowed to attend a local community school because of his Jewish descent. His mother had to bribe the head master fifty rubles to allow him in.

Chagall started drawing as a schoolchild. He copied portraits and other famous drawings. Jewish-Belarusian artist-painter Yehuda Pen tutored him on painting in 1906. In 1907, Marc joined the School of the Society of Art Supporters, at St. Petersburg. He was taught there by the Russian painter, Nikolai Roerich. During 1908-10, Marc Chagall studied at the Zvantseva School of Drawing and Painting. In 1909, at the age of twenty, on one of his journeys back home, Marc met his future wife, Bella Rosenfeld.

On the professional front, Chagall gradually attained fame as an artist. Soon after, he moved to Paris, the then considered center for the artistic community. He befriended Guillaume Apollinaire, Robert Delaunay, and Fernand Léger there. In 1914, Marc was back home and married Bella in 1915. They had one daughter from the marriage in 1916, when the World War I also began.

The artist dabbled in every possible medium of art, ranging from his paintings to his book illustrations, stage sets, ceramics, stained glass windows, tapestries, and print-making. ‘Cubism,’ ‘Symbolism,’ ‘Fauvism,’ and ‘Surrealism,’ all were his forte. Bella posed as a model for many of Chagall’s works. The artist achieved recognition for several of his works, such as “Me and My Village (1911),” “Self-Portrait with Seven Fingers (1912-13),” “Red Jew (1915),” “Above the City (1914-1918),” and “The Fall of the Angel (1923-1947).” Upon his return to Russia, Marc Chagall joined the Russian Revolution of 1917. He was also made the Fine Arts Commissar of Vitebsk.

In 1920, Chagall, his wife, and their daughter shifted to Moscow and to Paris in 1923. In 1937, Marc gained French citizenship. Owing to World War II, however, the family had to flee to Madrid. During 1941-1948, they resided in the United States. Jewish martyrs and Jewish refugees were mostly depicted in most of Chagall’s works of this time. Meanwhile, on September 02, 1944, his wife passed away. The artist did not paint anything for the next nine months. In 1945, however, Chagall struck a romantic relationship with his thirty years old housekeeper, Virginia Haggard McNeil, with whom he even had a son. The couple moved to Paris in 1950. The same year, Marc began with Graphics, coupled with “Cubism” and “Fauvism” influences. Here, Virginia left him for another man in 1952. Later, Chagall married Valentina Brodsky, who was 25 years younger to him. Valentina encouraged him to undertake large artistic projects, for example, the “Cycle Biblical Message,” which was later installed in the National Museum of the Marc Chagall Biblical Message in Nice, France.

Marc’s visits to Greece and Israel in 1957 helped him evolve the complete concept of Color Symbolism and Figurative Art. This was when he started with sculpturing, ceramics, and stained glass painting. Mark Chagall traveled extensively throughout the world and produced immense bodies of work throughout his career. ‘Russian Expressionism’ and ‘French Cubism’ influenced Mark’s style of painting. Chagall died on March 28, 1985, at the age of 97, at Saint Paul, France.



Source by Annette Labedzki

Movies and Entertainment – The Definition of the Documentary Film

A documentary film is one of several creative modes, including narrative fiction and experimental avant-garde. Documentaries have a purpose, viewpoint and approach, and evolves from the formative process – as either scripted or spontaneous. Documentaries are limited to reality or actuality.

Most of the production requirements for documentaries refer to the fact that there are no sets, actors are not used, and real people, not actors, play themselves.

Documentaries have been credited thrpoughout history for having a huge impact on cultural meanings. Many film schools worldwide teach the art of documentary filmmaking. The schools and classes teach understanding the fundamental aesthetic tools of documentary filmmaking such as camera operation, sound, structure, and also the interview.

Classes will often include exercises leading to the production of a documentary film project, so that the students can learn directing and producing skills as well as learn the various types of documentary.

There are always issues that students as well as the teachers deal with in documentary filmmaking having to do with the development of ideas, preproduction and the actual production.

the students in documentary film classes view segments of videos that represent major trends in the history of documentary film making. Usually there are guest film makers who lecture in the courses to mentor and provide supplementary education.

Documentaries are a very challenging form of filmmaking, that often stir up controversies. Historically, the genre begins with the earliest films of the Lumière brothers known as ‘actuality films” – ending with the latest postmodern explorations. Classics include Flaherty, Grierson, Riefenstahl, Rouch, Vertov, and Wiseman, along with contemporary works. The documentary film course examines how shifts in social and political realities, changing technology, as well as the personalities and talents of individuals continually re-define what the term documentary means. Ethical as well as aesthetic issues are also of consideration.

Documentaries often present challenges for cinematographers who usually must work alone or in small crews. They must learn how to capture beautifully-framed, meaningful footage during low budgeta and often chaotic circumstances that usually surround the film shoot. There’s typically an emphasis on shooting cinema verité and lighting with a very small crew. Some aspects of the digital camera are shared with students as they work.

Documentary films are also a very popular art form. Awards shows have a place for documentaries and many are covered often by movie critics, as evidenced in as early as 1942, when there were four winners including: The Battle of Midway; Kokoda Front Line; Moscow Strikes Back; and Prelude to War. In 2009 a recent documentary film on military medicine – Fighting for Life is expected to win awards.



Source by Kristin DeAnn Gabriel

Picture, Picture on the Wall – How Art Can Affect Your Feng Shui

Every day we are influenced by what is around us… the words that are said, the smells we smell, the sights we take in. The goal of feng shui is to promote beauty, harmony, and aspiration, the raising of our sights toward lofty, noble, and worthwhile goals.

The poet Maya Angelou said that we must be careful about the words we speak because the words will “hang on the walls.” Of course, she is talking about what we do in the figurative sense. However it is also true of what we hang on our walls in the literal sense. That’s why it is important that we surround ourselves with uplifting sights.

Feng shui encourages the application of beautiful, sustaining images. Pictures and artwork of depressing subjects, violence, or pictures whose presence makes us sad or unhappy are not suitable or appropriate for the walls of our home. Instead, only those images that are inspiring, uplifting, and beautiful should be placed on the walls.

Fortunately, you can practice symbolic feng shui by the selection of certain images, such as people, happy occasions, beauty, wealth, or power. Particular pictures in feng shui have special meanings and can be used wherever you desire more interest. For instance, a poster or painting of a water fall is an excellent way to boost career feng shui — and income!

When you are looking to improve your feng shui, consider simply looking around. Then, see if the images you are looking at are saying what you want them to. If not, consider replacing those images with pictures that make a positive, uplifting statement. Check the tips below for more ideas of positive feng shui images.

1. Use beautiful water images for career or wealth help. When placed in the north sector of the home, living room, or office, these images can provide an immediate boost to the career. To boost career chi in the bedroom (or anywhere!) consider adding an image of a tortoise.

Images of waterfalls and lakes are also appropriate for the southeast wealth sector. For more career or wealth help, consider adding a picture of a ship sailing INTO your home or office. Ships are especially auspicious harbingers of coming wealth. Do consider adding a ship picture in the southwest, where it will help with relationships AND wealth because water is beneficial in the SW until 2023.

2. Gain recognition, friends, and beneficial relationships with images of happy people. Looking for more friends or a more active social life? Maybe even FAME? Pictures of happy occasions and happy people are EXCELLENT ways to bring more people into your life, as well as happier relationships, and greater social recognition. Pictures such as the ones below are excellent for enhancing your social status, both personally and professionally.

These can be hung in the south or southwest corners. Other good choices for the south and southwest are horses and birds. Horses hung in the southwest sector can offer a good chance of travel, so be prepared if you hang a picture of a horse here!

3. Receive help from mentors and influential people with images in the NW. To receive help from those in the position to offer you advancement in your career, studies, or life in general, you need to enhance your “Power People” sector. This is the NW corner of your home, living room, or office.

Images of international scenes such as the Eiffel tower, the tower of London, the pyramids of Giza, and other scenes are excellent for receiving help from all corners of the globe. Likewise, images of metal structures, circular images, and golden or metallic colors are all excellent choices.

Maps, pictures of maps, globes, etc. are all beneficial for the NW sector of your home, office, or living room. Because this is the “heaven” location, this is also a wonderful location for pictures and images of religious figures or deities, angels, or religious locations such as Jerusalem or Mecca. Grand people such as Albert Einstein, Martin Luther King, Gandhi, or world leaders are also wonderful choices for increasing Powerful People help.

Be sure to surround yourself with pictures of people or places that you aspire to and that inspire you. We must all have something that lifts us up and makes us want to achieve more and aim higher in our lives. Find a picture that symbolizes that FOR YOU.

4. Avoid depressing, negative, or violent images. Do you have images in your home that remind you of something sad, mean, violent, or failure? If so, these images are constantly reinforcing these negative messages. Look around and if you have any pictures or elements like this, consider replacing them. Otherwise, these images will continue to imbue your home with negative energy. Yes, even if your picture is considered “fine art”, …

How to Recognize 4 Common, But Bizarre Side Effects Related to Anti-Depressants

In order to understand the side effects of anti-depressant drugs, one needs to know a few basic facts about brain chemistry. Brain chemicals are called neurotransmitters (they are responsible for communicating information chemically between the brain and cells). Considering that there are hundreds of neurotransmitters, three are important for our discussion: serotonin, adrenaline, and dopamine (referred to as the brain’s “feel good” neurotransmitters).

Serotonin

Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that aids communication in areas of the brain and spinal cord. This neurotransmitter is said to play a role in regulating a person’s moods, emotions, and perception of pain. Functions thought to be regulated by nerve cells that utilize serotonin include mood and behavior, physical coordination, appetite, body temperature, and sleep.

Adrenaline

Adrenaline is one of the hormones secreted by the adrenal glands that help release sugar stored in the liver. Adrenaline increases blood supply to the muscles, and helps the muscles contract in response to stress or exercise. Similar in chemical structure to amphetamines, adrenaline is often called the “fight or flight” hormone. In addition, adrenaline increases the heart rate, and accelerates certain metabolic processes.

Dopamine

This is a neurotransmitter that’s linked to sexual desire, pleasure, and movement. Dopamine is essential for the healthy functioning of the central nervous system; it has effects on emotion, perception and movement. Parkinson’s disease is caused by the degeneration or the destruction of nerve cells that produce dopamine. Schizophrenia and the psychotic features of bipolar disorder are associated with imbalances of the activity of dopamine and serotonin in the brain.

Patients taking anti-depressants are usually reduced to a relaxed state once the drug takes effect. However, over a period of time, some anti-depressant users start to show bursts of intense twitching around the eyes, often called tics. In some cases the tics lead to a wide-based, twisting and writhing of the hands, lurching gaits or swinging and flailing of the arms. This may take weeks, months or years to develop. This is one side-effect of taking drugs containing serotonin, i.e., Prozac, Paxil, Luvox, and Zoloft. There are thousands of cases listed in the Harvard Medical School Library detailing different side-effects involving loss of motor control when certain anti-depressants are used.

The 4 Common Side-Effects

Four common side-effects to be aware of that are related to taking prescribed anti-depressants include:

1. Tics, which is twitching, usually around the eyes.

2. The second is drug-induced Parkinsonism, with symptoms similar to those seen in Parkinson’s disease.

3. The third is neurologically driven agitation, ranging from mild leg tapping to severe panic.

4. The fourth is muscle spasms which, when they are mild, can cause tension in the neck, shoulder, or jaw, but can lock body parts in bizarre positions when severe.

These 4 neurological side-effects represent abnormalities in the involuntary motor system, which is a large group of nerves found deep in the older part of the brain. Normally, these nerves influence automatic functions like eye-blinking, facial expressions, and posture.

When the brain attempts to compensate for the effects of a drug, it can lead to a disorganized, chaotic activity in the involuntary motor system and loss of motor control. An example is Prozac. Reports have shown that patients experiencing any of these side-effects are at increased risk to develop the others, including tics. Many studies report that once the drug was discontinued, and stopped being used by patients, many of the involuntary movements ceased completely.

Tics

Stress aggravates tics. Many patients complain that tics get worse when they are stressed or anxious. Due to this, many patients withdraw from social settings because they are afraid that a tic would act up in the middle of a conversation. Imagine meeting a stranger at a social gathering whom you may want as a client, or maybe as a friend, and you get a sudden outbreak of tics?

A study being conducted at the Yale University School of Medicine has estimated that 32% of patients develop persistent tics after 5 years on major tranquilizers, 57% by 15 years, and 68% by 25 years. With tics being associated with serotonin boosters, it is not known how many patients will ultimately develop them, or what percentage might be permanent. Serotonin boosters are still relatively new and these sides-effects have not been studied systematically.

Parkinsonism

Parkinsonism is a term used for drug-induced side effects that resemble the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease in the elderly. Parkinsonism is generally considered reversible when the drug is stopped, while Parkinson’s disease has an inevitably progressive course.

Parkinson’s disease can make people feel overwhelmingly fatigued and lazy. Many people on Prozac-type drugs experience a strange “dead tired-like fatigue” in which they feel “worn out”. What’s strange is that the person is tired, but is unable to fall asleep. Their whole expression from speech, facial, walking, and movement forms …

Paint Jobs – How Much Does it Cost to Paint? Estimating Paint Jobs

Nobody wants to work for nothing, but many painting businesses do when they don’t charge for all the things that are part of each job. If you intend to do a complete job, and your customer is asking for a complete job, then you should be charging for a complete job. Leave something off of the estimate and you are working for nothing. Doing a complete and thorough estimate involves everything that takes time whether it be screwing that switch plate cover back on or painting the altar in that church. Many painters brag about what they describe as an almost mystical experience, like walking into a room and a price comes into their head. I never liked that because it is inaccurate, lazy and likely to end up poorly, at best you will just miss something and work for nothing on that part of the job. Another reason why this lump sum magic is bad is that someone is always surprised when the customer finds something that wasn’t done and they thought it was part of the job. And they tell you do it or don’t get paid. I talk about this when I discuss the Proposal itself.

Setup – Whether it be driving 100 miles to the job or 2 days setting up scaffolding or 20 minutes unloading drops, ladders and paint, it is part of every job. And because it is part of the job it is included in the cost of the job and needs to be estimated. Some thought should be given to special circumstances as mentioned above, or keep a percentage to use as a formula for each job. For example: if you are scaffolding out that church steeple to scrape and paint, then you need to figure everything involved with this stage including take down. This type of setup is likely to be much more costly than the actual paint job. Whereas painting the interior of your average customers home can be done room by room as a percentage of the total hours. For example: if you are dropping out a room, removing switch plates, moving furniture, etc. Then an easy way to do it is to take the total hours painting and multiply by.1 or.2 or whatever you think is an average time. Estimating setup, prep, and cleanup as a percentage on average jobs saves time when estimating.

Preparation – Lots of times this costs way more than the paint job. For example: we did a paint job on a big 1840’s wood clapboard monster of a house. 15 weeks removing paint before one drop of paint went on the house, the painting itself was about 3 weeks. Not only time but lots of sanding disks, respirators, disposable coveralls, cleanup daily, and removal of all dust and chips was all a big deal because of the size of the job and because of the old lead paint. The opposite is the average home interior that can be estimated like the setup example above using a percentage. Most of the time interior prep is just small surface repairs, and some caulking, the stuff that is the same from job to job. Special repairs or problems should be itemized.

Painting – What amount of time does it take to paint 5 wood casement windows on ground level without a ladder? How much time does it take to paint those same 5 windows at 40 feet on a hill when each window is 8 feet apart? Probably more than 2 times what it takes to paint the ones on ground level, each time moving and setting up the ladder on uneven ground most likely involving 2 people to move and setup the ladder for each window. So an easy formula to use on heights above 25 feet would be 2 times or 2.2 times or whatever the time it takes to paint the same window without ladder. Most of the time estimating painting costs can be done with a formula that works pretty well from job to job.

Cleanup – This part of the painting job is likely to be glossed over or ignored from an estimating position. This is a big mistake because it can take more time that the actual painting, depending on the job. If this part of the job is not done well the client may view the entire job as poorly done. And if done really well it may just put the crowning touch on the job. Estimating the time to properly cleanup after each job is critical to your estimate. If you short this part of the estimate, by not allowing enough time, then something has to give and the outcome is likely an unhappy customer. Average jobs can use a factor to estimate time. Example, an 8 hour …

What Are The Different Types of Internet Radio?

The future of music is on the internet. As time goes by, more and more websites will have a focus on music as the public becomes more aware about the different types of internet radio. Internet radio is so powerful because users have instant access to thousands upon thousands of radio stations from around the world in a matter of seconds. As technology advances, and cell phones essentially become computers, these music websites are going to be accessible anywhere, anytime.

Internet radio can come in various forms. Websites provide everything from internet only stations, to custom stations, to AM and FM streaming stations, to instant downloadable songs. Some of these sites provide 100% commercial free stations with no DJ’s and no music interruption whatsoever. Others provide links to live internet radio stations from around the world. Users can listen to everything from dance music in Italy, to Sports in New York, to rock music in Australia.

Many AM and FM radio stations are now streaming the sites on the web via streaming. This is truly live internet radio. This is a growing focus for many radio companies. Upon listening to the radio on a daily basis, listeners are constantly being reminded to listen live online to the stations internet stream.

Recent trends show that videos on the internet are becoming very popular. You Tube, College Humor and Yahoo Videos are just a few websites that have thousands upon thousands of videos. These sites are becoming more popular as computers advance and the videos are able to upload faster and pictures are clearer than ever.

The same can be said for internet radio. Although internet radio is already very popular, it is going to continue to grow in huge numbers. It will be interesting to see what types of sites will receive the most users. AM and FM radio certainly have a head start by being able promote their internet stream through the power of their own airwaves at no charge.

Regardless, there are plenty of options for internet radio.



Source by Adam Savage

Marilyn Monroe Artwork by Andy Warhol

Andrew Warhola (known as Andy Warhol) painted a variety of paintings of the actress Marilyn Monroe after she committed suicide in 1962. Warhol made it his goal to mass-produce his art by using a method called silk screen. This method involves enlarging and transferring a photo on to silk. A variety of colors are printed on to a screen using a rubber squeegee.

For his paintings of Marilyn Monroe, Warhol used a photograph by Gene Korman from a publicity shoot for the film, Niagara. Andy Warhol painted Marilyn Monroe’s paintings with one color: green, blue, lemon yellow turquoise. Next he silk screened her face on top. In this way, he created different styles and depicted many different colors. In the paintings, she was either by herself, multiplied in a grid or doubled. After four months, Andy Warhol’s paintings were complete. Andy Warhol issued a portfolio of his Marilyn Monroe paintings in 1967.

Andy Warhol interest in fame inspired him to make his Marilyn Monroe paintings. Warhol admired Marilyn Monroe as a star. He was fascinated by her beauty and thought of her as a role model. In his art work, he portrayed Monroe as not only beautiful, but also dark and mysterious. Warhol invented the phrase, “fifteen minutes of fame” which means a celebrity such as Monroe catches the public’s attention for a short lived period of time. Then, the media moves on to other celebrities who fascinate the world.

Andy Warhol graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology with a major in pictorial design. After graduating, he started his career as a commercial illustrator. After failed attempts at exhibiting his work in the 1960s, Warhol decided to incorporate pop culture into his works of art. Known as pop art, Warhol used every day objects as subjects for his paintings. He became famous as “Pope of Pop” for his paintings. In addition to Marilyn Monroe, Warhol painted other celebrities in “The Factory”, Andy Warhol’s studio in New York.

Those interested in Andy Warhol’s artwork and paintings of Marilyn Monroe can view them at the Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Andy Warhol Museum is one of the biggest museums featuring only one artist in the world. The museum features more than four thousand works of art by Warhol. His works of art include paintings, prints, drawings, photographs, films and videos. In addition to Warhol’s artwork, visitors can find information on Andy Warhol’s life.



Source by Mark Traston

Yamaha Snowmobile RX Warrior – Snowmobile Sled of Choice

The Yamaha RX Warrior is the ultimate snowmobile machine. With a stock 145 horsepower, there is an enormous amount of ‘get up and go’ throughout the power band. Based on the Genesis Extreme engine, this 4-stroke, 3 valve, 998 cc engine comes with a Liquid Heated Mikuni BSR37 X 4 carbs.

If you have not been working out in the gym, you might want to reconsider it as you’ll need enough upper body strength to hold yourself on this extreme speed machine. One slap of the throttle and your muscles tense up, your biceps attempt to hold your body on the sled and a frozen perma-grin etches into your face.

The 2005 Yamaha RX Warrior is 11 pounds lighter than last years model and the smart folks at Yamaha accomplished this by using a lot of titanium, magnesium and aluminum components – all light-weight snowmobile parts. They even added a new lightweight 4-piston brake caliper for added safety and reduced weight!

Another reason the RX Warrior is a sled of choice is that it comes equipped with a long track for quality traction and comfort. If you are trail riding or drag racing at a sanctioned event, this snowmobile is a winner. The 136 inch Campoplast Rip Saw track and ProAction CK rear suspension applies the power to the trail where it belongs.

This Yamaha sled is available in Team Yamaha Blue/White, Candy Red, and Matte Black (Limited Edition). I prefer the Candy Red… but all three colors are sharp.

Their suggested retail price is $9,599 to $9,699, but you can find them in the mid $8K’s from most Yamaha dealers or eBay.

As an added bonus for those of us who are not 20 years old any more, the Yamaha engineers have included thicker seat cushions and higher handlebars to improve comfort when trails get slushy, bumpy or full of moguls.

Just remember to hit the gym before snowmobile season so that you don’t fall off when you hit the throttle!



Source by Joe Redline

His Most Famous Painting (I and the Village) – Marc Chagall

One of the famous twentieth century French ‘Modern Art’ masters of Jewish-Belarusian origin, Marc Chagall (July 1887-March 1985), employed primary and secondary colors with different techniques to come out with a unique painting. He would use various shapes and symbols to gather the attention of the viewers for a detailed analysis. One of the most famous paintings of Marc Chagall is “I and the Village,” painted in Paris in 1911.

Marc Chagall’s most famous painting “I and the Village” seems like relating a small fairy tale in a rural area, his native village precisely. This oil on canvass painting, measuring 192.1 cm × 151.4 cm (75 in × 59 in), portrays the artist’s memories of Hasidic Community, a native community present outside Vitebsk. This painting is inspired by Marc’s Jewish life and his Russian childhood. Reflecting his emotions well, “I and the Village” is truly non-imitable and can be described in many beautiful words. At first, this remarkable painting perplexes its viewers, owing to its superimposed images. Upon analysis however, it unfolds as a beautiful horizon of fantasy.

Marc Chagall’s most famous painting “I and the Village” interestingly describes about the nature and its importance to human beings. Through different symbols and graphics, Chagall showed the give and take relationship of humans with the nature. He has depicted the mutual interdependence of humans, peasants here, animals, and plants on each other. In the foreground, a green-faced man, wearing a cap and holding a tree in his dark hands, can be seen staring at a goat, with its cheeks depicting the image of a smaller goat being milked. The background shows a violinist woman and two houses on the top, placed inverted, as Chagall did not give any importance to logical sequence. There is a series of houses, next to an Orthodox church. In the front of the violinist woman, a man, wearing black clothes with a scythe in hand, is shown.

Marc has also used a variety of large and small circular forms to show the sun’s revolution in the orbit, earth’s revolution around the sun, and moon’s revolution around the earth. Marc Chagall’s most famous painting “I and the Village” depicts an eclipse in which moon is situated at the lower left. The noticeable tree in the middle of the painting, balance it out to impart symmetry. The geometrical structures, such as lines, angles, triangles, circles, and squares used in “I and the Village” are inspired from ‘Cubism,’ the art of urban avant-garde society. Chagall’s paintings covered a particular geometric frame. Similarly, “I and the Village” is a scene of a particular area of the village, covered in a particular imaginary frame.

Considered a gem in the world of creativity, “I and the Village” of Marc Chagall is valued high. It presently graces the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Integrating Eastern European folk culture, both, Russian and Yiddish, this masterpiece is a smart star on the lines of creative fantasy. Truly, Marc Chagall was a marvelous painter, who could put all his emotions and qualities in the form of art.



Source by Annette Labedzki

Understanding WineShop At Home: Can You Really Make Money With WineShop At Home?

WineShop At Home began in 1995 and offers a large variety of wine and wine related products in addition to a business or income opportunity for those that would like to make an income stream marketing their company or products. However, can you really make money with WineShop? To answer this question, we will take a look at their compensation plan. I will also explain the products and give specific explanations of a few of them while also going over the cost it’s going to take to actually join the company itself and start making money all from home, if possible.

The Thing:

You guessed it, wine! Other than wine, they also offered wine related products and gifts. Categories of items offered by WineShop At Home are Wine Related Accessories, Gifts, Specials, Stemware, Personalized Wines, and of course, Wines. I will give a brief explanation of a few of the products offered by the company below.

  1. Adagio 2014 Sonoma Country Pinot Gris – You can get a bottle of this wine for $24.00 and flavors in the bottle consist of Mango, Pineapple, Grapefruit, Meyer Lemon, and Bergamot.
  2. Wine Country Chefs Apron – This apron is also $24.00 and is listed in the gift category. It comes in black and with the WineShop At Home Logo in addition to the slogan “Bringing The Wine Country To You” printed on the front.
  3. Artisan 5 Star “Sparkler Stem” – This is a set of 4 and cost $69.95 and is in the Stemware category. It is designed to develop persistent bubbles and forms a crown at the surface.

The Opportunity:

If you become involved with this company, you will be given the title “Wine Consultant”. Now is time for the big question! Can you really make money with WineShop At Home? In order to answer this, as mentioned before, we must take a look at their compensation plan. For this company, their compensation plan is pretty basic so let’s go ahead and get the ball rolling.

  1. Personal Commissions – As a wine consultant you will be able to earn a Base Commission of 20% and will be eligible to earn bonuses up to 35%.
  2. Team Commissions – As for most network marketing companies, you can build a team to leverage even more income. You can earn up to 44% commission from your teams generated sales and will be eligible to earn cash bonuses up to $3,500.

To Conclude, Yes, You Can Make Money With WineShop At Home!

The Cost:

Yes, there is a cost! It’s important to remember, if you get involved or affiliated with this company you are opening up your own business! All businesses require some type of start-up fee. However, in the industry of Network Marketing, Affiliated Marketing, Multi-Level Marketing, or whichever name you decide you enjoy more, it is generally much more affordable than starting a traditional company in which can range from $5,000 to $10,000 easily.

If you want to get involved with WineShop At Home, you must purchase one of the three kits offered!

  1. Mini Kit – $79.00. This kit includes a Wine Tasting Guide, Wine Tasting Training DVD, WineShop At Home Corkscrew, 3 Posi-Pours, 5 Host Planners, 10 Interest Forms, 5 Host A Wine Tasting Brochures, and a Guest Wine Tasting Tablet.
  2. Starter Kit – $149.00. This kit includes a WineShop At Home Logo Messenger Bag, 2 Bottles of Wine Club Select, A Wine Tasting Guide, A Wine Tasting Training DVD, WineShop At Home Corkscrew, 10 Order Boards, 3 Posi-Pours, 10 Interest Forms, 5 Host Planners, 5 Opportunity Brochures, and a Guest Wine Tasting Tablet.
  3. Premium Kit – $299.00. This kit includes an Insulated 6-bottle Wine Carrier Bag, A Launch Tasting Sampler, 4 Bottles of Wine Club Elite, Personalized Wine Sampler, WineShop At Home Apron, Wine Tasting Guide, Wine Tasting Training DVD, WineShop At Home Corkscrew, Wine Away, 15 Order Boards, 6 Posi-Pours, 20 Interest Forms, 10 Host Planners, Host Postcard Invitations, 10 Opportunity Brochures, and a Guest Wine Tasting Table.

Final Thoughts:

I’m not a big drinker. Matter of fact, I don’t drink expect maybe once a year. However, I would still consider marketing their products just for fun. I know a ton of people enjoy drinking, alcohol, and more specifically, wine! Therefore, I believe this company has a Massive Market! A massive market is very important to look for before joining any company like this and if it doesn’t have a massive market you will likely become frustrated before making any actual money!

The opportunity affiliated with the company is honestly pretty weak. They only offer two different payouts. I was unable to find any referral bonuses, any leadership bonuses, any Match-Up Bonuses, etc. This company started in 1995 and it doesn’t seem they have expanded their compensation plan very much which is a …

Recruitment as the Most Important Aspect of Human Resource Management

Human Resource Management theories focus on methods of recruitment and selection and highlight the advantages of interviews, general assessment and psychometric testing as employee selection processes. The recruitment process could be internal or external or could also be online and involves the stages of recruitment policies, advertising, job description, job application process, interviews, assessment, decision making, legislation selection and training (Korsten 2003, Jones et al, 2006).

Examples of recruitment policies within healthcare sector and business or industrial sectors could provide insights on how recruitment policies are set and managerial objectives are defined. Successful recruitment methods include a thorough analysis of the job and the labor market conditions and interviews as well as psychometric tests to determine the potentialities of applicants. Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) also focus on interviews and assessment with emphasis on job analysis, emotional intelligence in new or inexperienced applicants and corporate social responsibility (CSR). Other techniques of selection that have been described include various types of interviews, in tray exercise, role play, group activity, etc.

Recruitment is almost central to any management process and failure in recruitment can create difficulties for any company including an adverse effect on its profitability and inappropriate levels of staffing or skills. Inadequate recruitment can lead to labor shortages, or problems in management decision making and the recruitment process could itself be improved by following management theories. The recruitment process could be improved in sophistication with Rodgers seven point plan, Munro-Frasers five-fold grading system, psychological tests, personal interviews, etc. Recommendations for specific and differentiated selection systems for different professions and specializations have been given. A new national selection system for psychiatrists, anesthetists and dental surgeons has been proposed within the UK health sector.

Recruitment is however not just a simple selection process and requires management decision making and extensive planning to employ the most suitable manpower. Competition among business organisations for recruiting the best potential has increased focus on innovation, and management decision making and the selectors aim to recruit only the best candidates who would suit the corporate culture, ethics and climate specific to the organisation (Terpstra, 1994). This would mean that the management would specifically look for potential candidates capable of team work as being a team player would be crucial in any junior management position.

Human Management resource approaches within any business organisation are focused on meeting corporate objectives and realization of strategic plans through training of personnel to ultimately improve company performance and profits (Korsten, 2003). The process of recruitment does not however end with application and selection of the right people but involves maintaining and retaining the employees chosen. Despite a well drawn plan on recruitment and selection and involvement of qualified management team, recruitment processes followed by companies can face significant obstacles in implementation. Theories of HRM may provide insights on the best approaches to recruitment although companies will have to use their in house management skills to apply generic theories within specific organizational contexts.

Bibliography

Jones, David A.; Shultz, Jonas W.; Chapman, Derek S. (2006) Recruiting Through Job Advertisements: The Effects of Cognitive Elaboration on Decision Making International Journal of Selection and Assessment, Volume 14, Number 2, pp. 167-179(13)

Korsten A.D. (2003) Developing a training plan to ensure employees keep up with the dynamics of facility management Journal of Facilities Management, Volume 1, Number 4, pp. 365-379(15)

Papers For You (2006) “P/HR/254. HRM: methods of recruitment and selection”, Available from http://www.coursework4you.co.uk/sprthrm18.htm [22/06/2006]

Papers For You (2006) “E/HR/21. Using relevant frameworks and theories critically evaluate the recruitment and selection appraisal processes used by an organisation with which you are familiar contribute. How does it contribute to the performance of the organisation?”, Available from http://www.coursework4you.co.uk/sprthrm18.htm [21/06/2006]

Shipton, Helen; Fay, Doris; West, Michael; Patterson, Malcolm; Birdi, Kamal (2005) Managing People to Promote Innovation Creativity and Innovation Management, Volume 14, Number 2, pp. 118-128(11)

Terpstra D.E. (1994) HRM: A Key to Competitiveness Management Decision, Volume 32, Number 9, pp. 10-14(5)



Source by Verena Veneeva

Pop Art Movement – Comfort in Commercialism

The Pop Art movement began during the 1950s and 60s in Britain and America evolving around the products of the mass media.  The artwork derived from popular culture became one of the United States’ major artistic movements of the 20th century.

The artwork, based on packaging, television, advertising, films and even comic books helped to break down the long held barriers between high art and mass culture.  Shortly after World War II, America was fast becoming a culture of commercial manipulation, exhibitionism and instant success.  These traits made it a perfect target for artists looking to poke fun at the serious nature of the art world while at the same time holding a mirror up to society as they saw it.

Whereas in Britain the pop artists took a more romantic approach, in America the results were often times more brash; like the giant binoculars and shuttlecocks of Claes Oldenburg.  Originally considered a counterattack on Abstract Expressionism, the pop art movement usurped the French based Dada movement it terms of its battle against highbrow art and has never looked back.

Like Dada before it, the pop art movement used common items as its subject matter and the artists preferred commercial methods of production thus allowing unlimited reproductions of the art.  As the age of commercial uniformity closed in, pop art spread out creating such super stars as Andy Warhol, Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns and Roy Lichtenstein to name but a few.

Pop art combines its mass produced, low cost, expendable, shiny nature to encourage the big money and bright lights to come calling.  Some question if pop art is a serious comment on the contemporary condition or simply a “joke without humour.”  Traditional art critics may try to tell you what is and isn’t popular art, but in the end the decision is entirely yours.

The accessibility of pop art makes almost everyone with an urge to create a pop artist.  And although pop art has long since spawned many different sub categories and new and unusual mediums; it all comes back to art for, of and by the masses. With every generation, America seems to become more youth oriented almost certainly guaranteeing the future of pop art and it’s witty, young, sexy, gimmicky works.  The big business that is pop art is strengthened by the ongoing homogenization of America and the blurring of the lines between art, popular culture and commercialism.

Although many pop artists still display their works in galleries, pop art can arguably be found inside your Happy Meal from McDonalds.  Popular culture and the art that represents it grows at an exponential rate each year just like most aspects of life on this earth.  So what is pop art and where is it going? well, in the words of one art critic, “I don’t know art, but I know what I like and I like this.”



Source by Keith King

55 Creative Entertainment Ideas For Your Next Event Or Meeting

1. Hire a comedian who can poke some fun at your CEO, do an impersonation of him, or even make light of your industry as a whole.

2. Hire a magician that can incorporate your sales message into his magic, or cut your CEO or receptionist in half. He might even be able to vanish the CEO, much to the delight of the employees.

3. Book a vocal improvisation group to take requests and spin them into a funny performance.

4. Have a musician write a song about your company and play it at the event.

5. Hire a celebrity impersonator to come to the event and sign autographs and take pictures with guests.

6. Book a caricature artist to draw personalized sketches of each employee at the company. These are fun souvenirs as well.

7. Book a digital caricature artist who composes his or her photos digitally on a computer right in front of your eyes. They can even personalize the backdrop to reflect the company

or event. This is a great souvenir for the guests to take home.

8. Book a balloon artist that makes the life size figures such as Disney characters, scenery like palm trees, huge company logos, and more. The balloon artist can do these figures with everyone watching making it an experience to watch the balloons being put together.

9. How about a strolling juggler who can mingle through the cocktail hour.

10. Book a stilt walker to make a big announcement for your company at an annual conference or meeting. It is a fun and guaranteed way to get everyone’s attention.

11. A clown is a great option for events with children or families. There are also evil clowns for events with no kids or around Halloween.

12. Book a palm reader to make psychic predictions about the future of the company or to tell people’s fortunes.

13. Hire a reality TV star to interact with guests. They are far less money than big time Hollywood celebrities.

14. Book a tribute band to play the songs of an artist that is popular among the guests.

15. An a cappella group can perform on stage or stroll through the event during a cocktail hour or dinner.

16. Hire a symphony orchestra to play at the event. You will need to consider space requirements for this type of an act.

17. You could have a mime act out a corporate message to employees or event customers.

18. Book a DJ to play only requested songs or songs from a certain era such as the 80’s

19. Break dancers can be lots of fun. They are generally young, hip, and add a sense of youth to an event.

20. How about a mariachi band for some festive music.

21. A steel drum band can be a nice addition to a high end gala event.

22. Booking a fire eater can be a great way to kick off the launch of a hot new product or service.

23. Carolers can be nice addition to any holiday event.

24. A living statue can be a great idea for almost any event. Make sure you ask for a living statue that matches closely to the theme of your event or meeting.

25. Booking a cirque act is a great idea when the event needs something remarkable or to get a buzz going. Make sure you can accommodate for the space some of the cirque acts require.

26. A snake charmer is a unique way break up a meeting or attract a crowd at an event.

27. Hire a mentalist to read the minds of the guests. This is creative way that the performer can interact with the audience.

28. How about an ice sculptor who can sculpt the company logo or a corporate message live while people watch it being carved.

29. Acrobats provide a lively addition to an event.

30. Singing waiters are an a cappella group dressed as formal waiters. This catches guests off guard and is an offbeat way to infuse entertainment into the dining experience.

31. Ballroom dancers can be popular with all the dance themed TV shows like Dancing with the Stars and others.

32. A barbershop quartet is an a cappella group where all the members wear red and white costumes, similar to that of a barbershop pole. This has a nostalgic feel to it.

33. Dueling pianos are a fantastic way to get the audience involved with nonstop entertainment

34. You could have your employees put on the entertainment by having a talent show and getting everyone in the company involved including the CEO. You will want to record this so everyone can watch it later on, or you may even want to send them all home with a copy, or mail …

5 Tips to Establish Yourself As an Artist

Any artist that’s interested in marketing and selling their work at galleries, art festivals or online must know a few things before they begin. This article will discuss five major components beginner artists should think about before they embark on their journey as a successful artist. The first is believe in yourself. Second is create artwork that sales and third is become a business. Lastly, find a place to sell your work to help build your name and creditability. Let’s take a look at each one.

1. Believe in yourself. One of the most common negative trait many artists have is not believing they are a good enough artist. This is a bunch of bologna. If you have sold any artwork at all you are good enough. You may have to work on a few things but you have to start believing in yourself. I know an artist named Eric McCray who said he put a sign up for himself that said “Believe in Yourself” until he became the artist he wanted to be. So please, believe in yourself and tell all the negative thoughts in your head to shut up!

2. Create artwork. Create 20 to 30 pieces of artworks that are all consistent with each other. Don’t paint landscapes, portraits of pets, and abstracts. Choose your niche and stick to it! When collectors and galleries see your work they look for consistency. It shows that you are a professional. Also create art that sales. Don’t create art that is boring, dull or dark. People like to feel uplifted so please create your art accordingly.

3. Become a business. Set yourself up as a business. Get business cards, business licenses, separate checking accounts and etc. The worst thing you can do is be at an art show and you don’t have any business cards. You are completely missing out on sales. Next, get a website to help promote yourself as an artist. Website are fairly inexpensive these days and can be easily set up in no time. Also, read information about starting a business and have an entrepreneurial mindset.The more you learn about running a business and using different sales technique the better. Selling art is not just about applying to art shows,, selling on Etsy and being represented in art galleries but about marketing yourself nonstop using various marketing strategies that will help propel your business. I encourage you to read more books about marketing and selling as much as you read books on creating art. This will help you build the right mindset to run a successful business.

4. Find places to sell your work. Apply to art shows, art festivals, gift shops, galleries and the like. Do not go to libraries, coffee shops, or restaurants. People don’t go to these places to buy art. Just like real estate where location is king, same goes for finding places to sale your work. You have to place your art in front of people who would be willing to buy your art without any problem. Make sure you consider locations that are conducive to your market. You also want to put your art in front of people that pertains to your niche. If you paint birds you may want to sale at bird shows or several gift shops. Since I paint images of musicians playing different instruments I apply to music festivals. Do you see what I trying to get at.

5. Build a name for yourself. When you begin to sell your work at festivals, galleries or online set in motion your brand. Market yourself in such a way that when people think of art, or your niche, they think of you. The more you put your art in front of people the more chances of galleries and other art venues seek you out. You can also build your name by giving yourself a nickname like “the bird painter” if you paint birds. This could serve as your brand when building your customer base. I use a slogan that says “Jazz Up Your Life” since I paint musicians playing jazz music. When ever I do an outdoor show I have a sign up with that slogan above my tent. People respond to it very well.

Using all these tips can create a major impact for anyone trying to sell their artwork in their local area. There are a plethora of information out there that will mention many of these tips over and over again simply because they work. The more you focus on just creating art without planning on how to market and sell your artwork you will lose out. So please take head to these tips and move forward to becoming not just a good artist but a successful selling artist.



Source

How to Determine If Your Name is Bringing Your Good Luck Or Bad Luck

You probably have heard about people changing their names to improve their luck. Chinese astrologers and geomancers make a lot of money by helping their clients change their names.Usually,this is only for people with Chinese names. Today, I am going to reveal to you the relationship between the 5 elements and the 26 alphabets.Even if you don’t have a Chinese name,you can still use this ancient art to create more good luck for yourself.

Once you know which element each of the alphabets represent,and your favorable element,you don’t need to spend money consulting geomancers to change your name. You can easily do that by the end of this article. The very first thing you need to know is which element each of the alphabets represent…

Letters A,B,K,L,U,V represent Wood.

Letters C,D,M,N,W,X represent Fire.

Letters E,F,O,P,Y,Z represent Earth.

Letters G,H,Q,R represent Metal.

Letters I,J,S,T represent Water.

After knowing the elements each letter represents,you need to know which element is favorable to you. Now, I understand that the toughest part of Chinese astrology is determining your favorable element. You need many years of experience in order to do it right. I know what’s on your mind. Don’t worry, I will show you an easy method to determine your favorable element. The only setback is that the accuracy rate is only up to 88%.

To determine your favorable element, you simply need to know which season you are born in. I will list them out for you…

If you are born between 4th February to 5th May, your favorable element is Metal and you should avoid Wood.

If you are born between 6th May to 7th August, your favorable element is Water and you should avoid Fire.

If you are born between 8th August to 7th November, your favorable element is Wood and you should avoid Metal.

If you are born between 8th November to 3rd February of the following year, your favorable element is Fire and you should avoid Water.

If you are born during the 4 Earth months, which are: 5th April to 5th May, 7th July to 7th August, 8th October to 7th November and 6th January to 4th February, you should avoid Earth.

Once you have all this information in your hands, you can easily determine if your name is bringing you good luck or bad luck. Let’s look at an example below.

Anna is born on 7th December,which is Winter. Her favorable element is Fire. There are 2 As and 2Ns in her name. The 2 As represent Wood while the 2 Ns represent Fire. Wood strengthens Fire, which is Anna’s favorable element. From here, we can conclude that Anna’s name brings her good luck.

One more example before I end off.

Mel is born on 23rd May, which is Summer. Her favorable element is Water.M represents Fire, E represents Earth, L represents Wood. The only helpful element is Earth, which helps to weaken the Fire. However, the Wood present strengthens the Fire. Therefore, Mel should change her name to include more letters which represent Water.

Let’s see what happens if she uses her full name, which is Melissa.

I represents Water, S also represents Water. A represents Wood.We have here 3 Water alphabets, which represents Mel’s favorable element. From here, we can conclude that it is better to call her Melissa instead of Mel.

I hope this article has provided value to you. Have fun analyzing names!



Source by Marco Chong

7 Step Sales Process of High Income Auto and RV Sales Professionals

High income car and RV salespeople follow a 7 step sales process. They follow the sales process on each and every contact. No exceptions. There is no deviation. No skipping steps. It just doesn’t happen.

Auto Sales an Art AND a Skill

Rembrandt was considered one of the greatest painters in European history. Do you know who Pieter Lastman or Jacob van Swanenburgh were? Rembrandt apprenticed under each of them.

What’s that got to do with car and RV sales people? Nothing. And everything. Everything, that is, if you want to be a top income earner. To be a Rembrandt you need coaching. You need sales training. You need practice to develop your style, your talent, your selling techniques.

The art is the finesse. For prospective buyers, it is bringing to reality what works for them without manipulation, without shady tactics or tricks. Professional selling technique is the ability to listen intently, ask relevant value adding questions, and package it all in a vehicle that meets the prospect’s needs and budget.

7 Step Auto and RV Sales Process – Work It!

Walk into McDonald’s anywhere in the world and you will find the same friendly smiles although the faces may be different, a similar menu although reading it may be difficult, and the same production process. The recipe works. It works for McDonalds. It works for Wendy’s. It works for Tim Hortons. It works for the Colonel along with a whole regiment of other franchises. And the 7 Step Sales Process of top auto and RV sales income earners will work for you.

Will there be exceptions? You bet. Even in the most well oiled system glitches surface from time-to-time. There is occasional franchisee – franchiser incompatibility. There are occasional let downs in traffic expectations compared to market analysis. There are occasional language challenges. Reality is, in all things, there will be occasional surprises.

So what. Move on. Like the franchise system, the following 7 Step Auto and RV Sales Process works. And, yes, there will be exceptions. There will be the cash buyer who insists on a large discount. There will be the prospect whom you just cannot settle down on a vehicle. There will be… There will be… There will be… There will be exceptions, the occasional incompatibility for whatever reason. Move on. The sales model works consistently, with an occasional exception.

The 7 Step Sales Model of high income auto and RV sales people is:

1. Introduction

2. Qualification

3. Selection / Presentation

4. Demonstration

5. Negotiation

6. Application

7. Preparation / Delivery

That’s it. To close more deals, follow these steps each and every opportunity. No exceptions. By the way, career auto and RV sales professionals have an 8th step – Progression, moving the new Customer to a walking, talking referral machine. Wanna be car sales guys and gals just cannot seem to grasp this. Write me for more detail. Remember: Nothing happens until someone sells something. Sales Champions Make It Happen!



Source by Jeffrey Doucet